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This article is about the patriarch mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. For other uses, see Kenan (disambiguation).
Born 325 AM
Died 1235 AM
Children Mahalalel
more sons and daughters
Parent(s) Enos
Relatives Seth (grandfather)

Kenan (also spelled Qenan or Kainan) Hebrew: קֵינָן, Modern Keinan, Tiberian Qênān ; "possession; smith"), or Cainan, was a Biblical patriarch first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible Book of Genesis as living before the Great Flood.

According to Christianity he is part of the Genealogy of Jesus as mentioned in Luke 3:36-37.


According to Genesis 5:9-14, Kenan/Cainan was a son of Enosh and an unnamed woman, and a grandson of Seth. Born when Enosh was ninety years old,[1] Kenan had his only named son, Mahalalel, when he was seventy.[2] Other sons and daughters were born to Kenan before he died at 910 years of age.

According to the Book of Jubilees, Kenan's mother was Noam, wife and sister of Enosh; and Kenan's wife, Mualeleth, was his sister.

Postdiluvian Cainan[edit]

Main article: Cainan

Two men named Cainan are mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus given in Luke 3 in the New Testament. One of these is the son of Enos above; a second Cainan is listed as the son of Arpachshad and father of Saleh, who lived in the time between Noah and Abraham.

This Cainan also appears in the Septuagint (Greek) Old Testament, but is omitted by the Hebrew Masoretic text. For this reason, this second Cainan has been considered to be a scribal error by some scholars, although it has recently been argued that the omission is deliberate.[3] Despite his name being omitted from the rabbinical Hebrew text, a substantial number of traditions about this other Cainan exist in the history of literature.