Kenda

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Kenda
কেন্দা
Town
Kenda is located in West Bengal
Kenda
Kenda
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°12′N 86°32′E / 23.20°N 86.53°E / 23.20; 86.53Coordinates: 23°12′N 86°32′E / 23.20°N 86.53°E / 23.20; 86.53
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Barddhaman
Elevation 229 m (751 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 14,517
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Asansol
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jamuria
Website bardhaman.gov.in

Kenda is a census town under Jamuria police station [1] of Asansol subdivision in Barddhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Kenda is located at 23°12′N 86°32′E / 23.20°N 86.53°E / 23.20; 86.53.[2] It has an average elevation of 229 m (751 ft). The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating latterite soil. This area lies between two mighty rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Kenda had a population of 14,517. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Kenda has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 51%. In Kenda, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

Kenda is a coal mining area.[5] One of the area headquarters of Eastern Coalfields Ltd., a subsidiary of Coal India Limited are located here.[6] Underground mining has been hazardous activity leading to accidents. 55 persons were killed in an accident in the New Kenda Colliery in 1994.[7] Another six persons died in an accident in Shyamsunderpur colliery in 2006.[8] The coal mining area also faces land subsidence problems.[9]

Education[edit]

Kenda has three primary and one higher secondary schools.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ District-wise list of stautory towns
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kenda
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 48
  6. ^ ECL website
  7. ^ Frontline Feb-Mar 2001
  8. ^ The Statesman, 1 December 2006
  9. ^ The Statesman, 22 December 2006 Lok Sabha question
  10. ^ 7th All-India School Education Survey 2003