Kendall, Florida

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Kendall
CDP
Dadeland
Dadeland
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map of Kendal CDP showing boundaries
U.S. Census Bureau map of Kendal CDP showing boundaries
Coordinates: 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667Coordinates: 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667
Country United States
State Florida
County Miami-Dade
Government
 • Governing body Miami-Dade County
 • Mayor Carlos A. Giménez
Area
 • CDP 16.3 sq mi (42 km2)
 • Land 16.1 sq mi (42 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 • Metro 6,137 sq mi (15,890 km2)
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2000)
 • CDP 75,226
 • Density 4,600/sq mi (1,800/km2)
 • Metro 5,413,212
 • Metro density 880/sq mi (340/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 305, 786
FIPS code 12-36100[1]
GNIS feature ID 0285050[2]

Kendall is an unincorporated census-designated place in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. As of the 2000 census, the area had a total population of 75,226.

While the defined boundaries of the community have been labeled Kendall by the US Census Bureau, locals often included western communities, such as The Hammocks, Country Walk, The Crossings, Kendale Lakes, Kendall West, and Three Lakes, subdivisions of Kendall. According to the census, Kendall and neighboring communities are home to over 11,000 Colombian Americans, one of the largest populations in the United States.

Kendall is served by the Miami Metrorail at Dadeland North and Dadeland South stations in its northeastern end. Both stations provide metro service from Dadeland to Miami commercial centers like Coral Gables, Downtown Miami, and Miami International Airport. Dadeland South station is a major transit depot in the area, connecting the southernmost suburbs of Homestead and Florida City to Metrorail via limited-stop bus rapid transit along the South Miami-Dade Busway.

History[edit]

Much of what is now Kendall was purchased from the State of Florida in 1883 by the Florida Land and Mortgage Company. Originally known as Rockdale, it was renamed for Henry John Broughton Kendall, a director of Florida Land and Mortgage who moved to the area in the 1900s to manage the company's land. As the land was not open to homesteading, development was slow well into the 20th century. A post office opened in 1914, and the first school opened in 1929. After the end of the land boom in 1926, some residents left. Two Seminole camps were in the Kendall area, and Seminoles continued to live there into the 1940s.[3]

Dadeland Mobile Home Park neighborhood near Kendall destroyed by Hurricane Andrew in 1992.

In August 1992, Kendall and the surrounding South Miami-Dade area were severely damaged by Hurricane Andrew. Many of the homes and businesses in the area were completely destroyed. In the subsequent years, the area was slowly rebuilt.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Kendall is located at 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667 (25.666781, −80.356533)[6].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Kendall region has an approximate total area of 16.3 sq mi (42.3 km2), 16.1 sq mi (41.8 km2) of it is land and 0.23 sq mi (0.6 km2) of it (1.35%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate in Kendall is naturally similar to the remainder of Miami-Dade County, although its location and elevation inland along the Miami Rock Ridge does make it slightly cooler at night during the winter and slightly warmer during the day in the summer.

Climate data for Kendall
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
88
(31)
90
(32)
96
(36)
97
(36)
99
(37)
98
(37)
99
(37)
96
(36)
94
(34)
91
(33)
84
(29)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 75
(24)
77
(25)
80
(27)
82
(28)
84
(29)
88
(31)
90
(32)
91
(33)
89
(32)
86
(30)
82
(28)
77
(25)
80
(27)
Average low °F (°C) 53
(12)
55
(13)
60
(16)
63
(17)
68
(20)
72
(22)
72
(22)
72
(22)
71
(22)
65
(18)
62
(17)
54
(12)
59
(15)
Record low °F (°C) 26
(−3)
34
(1)
39
(4)
43
(6)
48
(9)
58
(14)
64
(18)
63
(17)
66
(19)
46
(8)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
26
(−3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.07
(52.6)
2.34
(59.4)
2.98
(75.7)
3.10
(78.7)
8.93
(226.8)
11.80
(299.7)
9.48
(240.8)
8.89
(225.8)
8.69
(220.7)
4.96
(126)
3.03
(77)
2.01
(51.1)
68.28
(1,734.3)
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 35,497
1980 73,758 107.8%
1990 87,271 18.3%
2000 75,226 −13.8%
2010 75,371 0.2%
source:[8][9]
Kendall Demographics
2010 Census Kendall Miami-Dade County Florida
Total population 75,371 2,496,435 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +0.2% +10.8% +17.6%
Population density 4,687.2/sq mi 1,315.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 87.9% 73.8% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 28.4% 15.4% 57.9%
Black or African-American 4.4% 18.9% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 63.7% 65.0% 22.5%
Asian 3.0% 1.5% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.1% 0.2% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 2.2% 2.4% 2.5%
Some Other Race 2.4% 3.2% 3.6%

As of 2010, there were 31,899 households, and 8.7% were vacant. As of 2000, 33.4% households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.

In 2000, the region's population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the area was $51,330, and the median income for a family was $61,241. Males had a median income of $42,875 versus $31,416 for females. The per capita income for the area was $27,914. About 5.7% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2000, speakers of Spanish as a first language accounted for 52.46% of all residents, while English speakers comprised 40.38%, Portuguese was 1.49%, French at 1.12%, and French Creole made up 0.95% of the population.[10]

As of 2000, Kendall had the twenty-first highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 21.31% of the populace.[11] It had the twenty-fifth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 4.56% of the population,[12] and the sixteenth highest percentage of Nicaraguan residents in the US, at 2.48% of its population.[13] It also had the twenty-fifth most Peruvians in the US, at 2.01% (tied with Carteret, New Jersey,)[14] while it had the tenth highest percentage of Venezuelan residents in the US, at 1.47% of the population.[15] As a result of the city's large French community, the French American School of Miami is located in Kendall. It is the only French American school in the southern United States.[citation needed] Kendall is also the home of Sofigi.

Media[edit]

West Kendall is served by the Miami market for local radio and television. Kendall has its own newspaper, The Kendall Gazette, which is published twice monthly and is part of Miami's Community Newspapers, the "Voice of the Community".

Transportation[edit]

Kendall is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Metrorail at:

Economy[edit]

Pollo Tropical has its headquarters in Dadeland,[16] Kendall.[17][18][19] The headquarters moved to Dadeland in 1994.[16]

Prior to its dissolution Air Florida was headquartered in the Dade Towers in what is now the Kendall CDP.[18][20]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Miami-Dade Police Department operates the Kendall District Station in the CDP.[18][21]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The first public school in Kendall was Kendall School, now renamed Kenwood K-8 Center. Kenwood is the site of the Kenwoods Hammock, a native forest planting which has become a world-renowned stop for bird watchers.

Miami-Dade County Public Schools serves Kendall.

Elementary schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Taylor, Jean. (1986) Villages of South Dade. St. Petersburg, Florida: Byron Kennedy and Company. ISBN 0-04-107212-6. LCCN 88-132899. OCLC 18906834. pp. 39–49.
  4. ^ http://www.miamiherald.com/2012/08/17/2956273/photo-gallery-08-17-141113.html
  5. ^ http://www.miamiherald.com/2012/08/18/2958131/the-fury-of-andrew.html
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Average Weather for Miami, FL (33196) - Temperateure and Precipitation". Retrieved August 4, 2008. 
  8. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  9. ^ Kendall lost census territory when Pinecrest incorporated in 1996.
  10. ^ "MLA Data Center Results of Kendall, FL". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  11. ^ "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  12. ^ "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  13. ^ "Ancestry Map of Nicaraguan Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  14. ^ "Ancestry Map of Peruvian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  15. ^ "Ancestry Map of Venezuelan Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  16. ^ a b "About Us." Pollo Tropical. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "Brothers Larry and Stuart Harris open first Pollo Tropical® in Miami at 741 NW 37th Avenue."
  17. ^ "Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. 2010 Annual Report." Carrols Restaurant Group. 38. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "We also lease approximately 13,500 square feet at 7300 North Kendall Drive, 8th Floor, Miami, Florida, which houses most of our administrative operations for our Pollo Tropical restaurants."
  18. ^ a b c "Kendall CDP, Florida." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
  19. ^ "SOMERSET ACADEMY SHARKS TAKE A BITE AT FUNDRAISING, BENEFIT AT POLLO TROPICAL® ON APRIL 14." Pollo Tropical. April 6, 2010. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "7300 NORTH KENDALL DRIVE, EIGHTH FLOOR MIAMI, FLORIDA 33176"
  20. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. "466.
  21. ^ "Kendall District Station." Miami-Dade Police Department. Retrieved on September 8, 2012. "7707 SW 117th Avenue Miami, FL 33183-3899 USA"
  22. ^ Malcolm, Andrew. "Janet Reno to be named for Alonzo Mourning or something like that." Los Angeles Times. June 17, 2009. Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
  23. ^ "OJ Simpson cleared of 'road rage'." BBC. Wednesday October 21, 2001. Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
  24. ^ CBT Kendall Campus