Kendall County, Texas

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Kendall County, Texas
Kendall county courthouse.jpg
The Kendall County Courthouse in Boerne
Seal of Kendall County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Kendall County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1862
Named for George Wilkins Kendall
Seat Boerne
Largest city Boerne
Area
 • Total 663 sq mi (1,717 km2)
 • Land 662 sq mi (1,715 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 33,410
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kendall.tx.us

Kendall County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2010 census, its population was 33,410.[1] Its county seat is Boerne.[2] The county is named for George Wilkins Kendall, a journalist and Mexican-American War correspondent.

Kendall County is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Progressive Farmer rated Kendall County fifth in its list of the "Best Places to Live in Rural America" in 2006.

History[edit]

.c. Early native American inhabitants include Kiowa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.[3]

April 20 - Adelsverein[5] organized in Germany to promote emigration to Texas.
June 7 - Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside 3,000,000 acres (1.2×1010 m2) to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.[6]
Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secures title to 1,265 acres (5.12 km2) of the Veramendi grant, including the Comal Springs and River, for the Adelsverein.
February - Thousands of German immigrants are stranded at port of disembarkation Indianaola on Matagorda Bay. With no food or shelters, living in holes dug into the ground, an estimated 50% die from disease or starvation. The living begin to walk to their destinations hundreds of miles away.[7][8]
May - John O. Meusebach arrives in Galveston.[9]
December 20 - Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller sell their rights in the land grant to Adelsverein.
  • 1847
Meusebach–Comanche Treaty[10]
Sisterdale established.[11]
John O. Meusebach receives an appointment as commissioner from Governor Elisha M. Pease[13]
May 14–15, San Antonio - The Texas State Convention of Germans adopt a political, social and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work; 2) Direct election of the President of the United States; 3) Abolition of capital punishment; 4) “Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles..”; 5) Free schools – including universities - supported by the state, without religious influence; and 6) Total separation of church and state.[14]
Comfort is founded by German immigrant Freethinkers and abolitionists.[15]
Kendall County is established from Kerr and Blanco counties, named for journalist George Wilkins Kendall. Boerne is the county seat.
The Union League forms companies to protect the frontier against Indians and their families against local Confederate forces. Conscientious objectors to the military draft are primarily among Tejanos and Germans .
May 30 – Confederate authorities impose martial law on Central Texas.
August 10 - Nueces massacre in Kinney County. Jacob Kuechler serves as a guide for 61 conscientious objectors attempting to flee to Mexico. Scottish born Confederate irregular James Duff and his Duff’s Partisan Rangers pursue and overtake them at the Nueces River, 34 are killed, some executed after being taken prisoner.Jacob Kuechler survives the battle. The cruelty shocks the people of Gillespie County. 2,000 take to the hills to escape Duff's reign of terror.[18]
Spring Creek Cemetery near Harper in Gillespie County has a singular grave with the names Sebird Henderson, Hiram Nelson, Gus Tegener and Frank Scott. The inscription reads “Hanged and thrown in Spring Creek by Col. James Duff’s Confederate Regiment.”[19][20]
  • 1866, August 10 - Treue der Union Monument ("Loyalty to the Union") in Comfort dedicated to the German Texans slain at the Nueces massacre.It is the only monument to the Union outside of the National Cemeteries on Confederate territory. It is one of only six such sites allowed to fly the United States flag at half-mast in perpetuity.[21][22]
  • 1870 Original Kendall County limestone courthouse built. Italianate architecture. Architect Philip Zoeller and S. F. Stendeback.[23]
  • 1885
Austrian-born Andreas Engel founds Bergheim[24]
Sisterdale cotton gin begins operations.[25]
  • 1887 San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway begins Boerne to San Antonio route.[26][27][28]
  • 1897, May 27 - John O. Meusebach dies at his farm at Loyal Valley in Mason County, is buried in the Marschall Meusebach Cemetery at Cherry Spring.[29]
  • 1900 Kendall County has 542 farms. Area has risen from 153,921 acres (622.90 km2) in 1880 to 339,653 acres (1,374.53 km2). Stockraising is still the principal industry.
  • 1905 Citizens of Boerne gather together to share agricultural information, recipes, and news of events. This later became the annual Kendall County Fair.[30]
  • 1913 The Kendall County Fair Association was organized and was awarded a nonprofit corporate charter from the State of Texas.[30]
  • 1914 Fredericksburg and Northern Railway connects Fredericksburg with the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway track just east of Comfort.
  • 1918 Hygieostatic Bat Roost house built in Comfort to attract bats to eradicate mosquitoes and reduce the spread of malaria. Designed for former San Antonio Mayor Albert Steves Sr., by bat authority Dr. Charles A. R. Campbell.[31][32]
  • 1930’s
The Great Depression brings increase in tenant farming.
Commercial development of Cascade Caverns begins.
  • World War II - American Military bases in the San Antonio area provide jobs for Kendall County residents.
  • 1983 Guadalupe River State Park opens to the public.[33]
  • 1988 Federal Republic of Germany recognizes the Boerne Village Band for its contribution to the German heritage in Texas and America.[34]
  • 1990, Earth DayCibolo Nature Center opens to the public.[35]
  • 1991 Texas legislature adopts a resolution recognizing the Boerne Village Band for "keeping alive German music as a part of our heritage."
  • 1998 Current Kendall County limestone, steel and concrete Courthouse built in Boerne, across the street from the original 1870 courthouse. Architect Rehler Vaughn & Koone, Inc
  • 2005 Kendall County celebrates its 100th anniversary of the Kendall County Fair. The Kendall County Fair Association continues to produce one of the few remaining entirely privately funded county fairs in the state of Texas.
  • 2013 The Kendall County Fair Association, Inc. celebrates its 100th year of existence.

Darmstadt Society of Forty[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Darmstadt Society of Forty.

Count Castell[36] of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize two hundred families on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant territory in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock, equipment and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves.[37] The colonies attempted were Castell,[38] Leiningen, Bettina,[39] Schoenburg and Meerholz in Llano County; Darmstädler Farm in Comal County; and Tusculum in Kendall County.[40] Of these, only Castell survives. The colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, and also due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others moved elsewhere, or returned to Germany.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 663 square miles (1,717.2 km2), of which 662.5 square miles (1,715.9 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.[41]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,536
1880 2,763 79.9%
1890 3,826 38.5%
1900 4,103 7.2%
1910 4,517 10.1%
1920 4,779 5.8%
1930 4,970 4.0%
1940 5,080 2.2%
1950 5,423 6.8%
1960 5,889 8.6%
1970 6,964 18.3%
1980 10,635 52.7%
1990 14,589 37.2%
2000 23,743 62.7%
2010 33,410 40.7%
Est. 2012 35,956 7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[42]
1850-2010[43]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[44] of 2010, there were 33,410 people, 8,613 households, and 6,692 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 9,609 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.86% White, 0.56% Native American, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.23% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.41% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. 17.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,613 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.20% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,521, and the median income for a family was $58,081. Males had a median income of $39,697 versus $28,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,619. About 7.90% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b Smryl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Kendall County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. 
  4. ^ "Cascade Caverns". Cascade Caverns. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  5. ^ Brister, Louis E. "Adelsverein". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  6. ^ Ramos, Mary G. "German Settlements of Texas". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "Indianola, Texas". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  8. ^ Block, W T. "The Story of our Texas' German Pilgrims". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  9. ^ Smith, Cornelia Marshall; Tetzlaff, Otto W. "Meusebach, John O". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  10. ^ "Comanche Indian Treaty". William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  11. ^ Lich, Glen E. "Sisterdale, Texas". Handbpok of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  12. ^ Ludwig Boerne at Find a Grave
  13. ^ Elisha Marshall Pease at Find a Grave
  14. ^ Biesele, R L; The Texas State Convention of Germans in 1854 (April 1930). The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. XXXIII (24). 
  15. ^ Lich, Glen E. "Comfort, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  16. ^ Thonhoff, Robert H. "Boerne Village Band". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  17. ^ Moneyhon, Charles H. "The Union League". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  18. ^ Shook, Robert W. "Duff, James". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 21 November 2010. 
  19. ^ "Spring Creek Cemetery". Texas Gen Web. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  20. ^ Tegener, Gus at Find a Grave
  21. ^ "Treue der Union Monument". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  22. ^ "List of Dead-Treue Der Union Monument". Texas Gen Web. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  23. ^ "Kendall County Courthouse". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  24. ^ "Bergheim". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  25. ^ "Sisterdale". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  26. ^ "Boerne History". Boerne Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  27. ^ Boerne Convention and Visitors Bureau
  28. ^ "San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway". Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  29. ^ John O Meusebach at Find a Grave
  30. ^ a b "Kendall County Fair Association, Inc.". Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  31. ^ "Hygieostatic Bat Roost - Comfort, Kendall County, Texas". William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  32. ^ Charles A R Campbell at Find a Grave
  33. ^ "Guadalupe River State Park". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  34. ^ "History Boerne Village Band". Tx Gen Web. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  35. ^ "Cibolo Nature Center". History. Cibolo Nature Center. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  36. ^ Brister, Louis E. "Count Carl of Castell-Castell". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  37. ^ King (1967) p.122
  38. ^ Heckert-Greene, James B. "Castell, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  39. ^ Lich, Glen E. "Bettina, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  40. ^ Lich, Glen E. "The Forty". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  41. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  42. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  43. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 18, 2013
  44. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°57′N 98°42′W / 29.95°N 98.70°W / 29.95; -98.70