Kendari

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kendari
City
Official seal of Kendari
Seal
Kendari is located in Sulawesi
Kendari
Kendari
Location of the city on Sulawesi
Kendari is located in Indonesia
Kendari
Kendari
Location of the city in Indonesia
Coordinates: 3°58′2.96″S 122°35′40.92″E / 3.9674889°S 122.5947000°E / -3.9674889; 122.5947000Coordinates: 3°58′2.96″S 122°35′40.92″E / 3.9674889°S 122.5947000°E / -3.9674889; 122.5947000
Country Indonesia
Province Southeast Sulawesi
Founded 13 May 1831
Government
 • Mayor Asrun
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 314,812
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Area code(s) +62 401
Website www.kendarikota.go.id

Kendari is the capital of the Indonesian province of Southeast Sulawesi. The city lies along Kendari Bay. Moramo Waterfall is located 65 km east of Kendari. The city has a population of 314,812 at the 2010 Census,[1] making it the fourth-largest city in Sulawesi, behind Makassar, Manado, and Palu.

History[edit]

In 1831, a Dutch cartographer named Vosmaer was tasked with mapping the area of Kendari. While performing this task, he is said to have met with the indigenous tribe, the Tolakis, and to have built their king a palace in the harbor of Kendari. The palace was completed on May 9, 1832, and now May 9 is celebrated as the date of Kendari's founding.[2] Over time, the city became an important center of Sulawesi in Dutch Colonial Indonesia, first becoming the capital of the Kewedanan District and later the Laiwoi Onder Afdeling District.[3]

Administration[edit]

The city, originally composed of four districts (kecamatan) - Mandonga, Baruga, Poasia and Kendari - is now divided into ten districts, tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[4]

Name Population
Census 2010[5]
Mandonga 36,163
Baruga 19,368
Puuwatu 27,749
Kadia 39,244
Wua-Wua 24,407
Poasia 24,977
Abeli 22,438
Kambu 27,135
Kendari 25,557
Kendari Barat
(West Kendari)
42,928

Economy[edit]

Kendari's economy is mostly agricultural with some industrial centers near the city. [6] The city is connected to other parts of Indonesia by Haluoleo Airport.

Tourism[edit]

Some of Kendari's main attractions are its bay, nearby Bungkutoko Island, and the city's many beaches. Another draw is the selling of local handicrafts and souvenirs.[7]

Sister Cities[edit]

World War II[edit]

Kendari was an important objective of the Japanese in World War II because of the nearby airfield, which could be used to interdict the sea lanes between Australia and the Dutch East Indies and to bomb Dutch bases on Java and other Islands. The garrison of Kendari was surprised by a Japanese landing on the night of 23–24 January 1942 and put up little resistance before Kendari and the intact airfield were captured.[8]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]