Kendujhar

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This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Kheonjhar district.
Kheonjhar
city
Kheonjhar is located in Odisha
Kheonjhar
Kheonjhar
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°38′N 85°35′E / 21.63°N 85.58°E / 21.63; 85.58Coordinates: 21°38′N 85°35′E / 21.63°N 85.58°E / 21.63; 85.58
Country  India
State Odisha
District Kheonjhar
Elevation 596 m (1,955 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 51,832
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 758001
Website kendujhar.nic.in

Kheonjhar is a city and a municipality in Kendujhar District in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the administrative headquarters of the Kendujhar district.

Geography[edit]

Keonjhar is a land locked district with an area of 8240 km2. It is situated in the northern part of Odisha. It is surrounded by Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in the North, Jajpur in the South, Dhenkanal and Sundargarh in the West and Mayurbhanj and Bhadrak in the East. It lies between 21°1'N and 22°10'N latitudes, between 85°11'E and 86°22'E longitude and at 480 meter altitude. Baitrani river originate from Keonjhar plateau.The National Highway-215 passing through Keonjhargarh approximately bi-sects the district into two similar natural regions. To the East of this Highway are the planes of Anandapur and a portion of Sadar Sub-division. To the West is a range of lofty hills which contains some of the highest peaks of Orissa namely Gandhamardan (3477 ft.), Machakandana (3639 ft.), Gonasika ( 3219 ft.) and Thakurani ( 3003 ft.). About half of the area of this district spreading about 4043 sq.kms. is covered by forests of Northern tropical moist deciduous type and contains Sal, Asan, Piasal, etc. The river Baitarani comes out of Gonasika Hills and flows to the north touching the border of Singhbhum district of Jharkhand. It again flows East entering Anandapur Sub-division and the district of Bhadrak. The soil is mostly red throughout the district and in the South there is a small patch of black cotton soil. The important minerals available in huge quantity in the district are Iron-ore, Manganese and Chromites.The district consists of a compact area and its extreme length from north to south is nearly 145 km. The average breadth from East to West is about 65 km. It is divided into two widely dissimilar tracts-the lower Kendujhar and the upper Kendujhar. The former is a region of valleys and low lands, while the latter includes mountainous highlands with a general slope from North to South. The highlands consisting of clusters of rugged crags afford a safe retreat to its inhabitants in troubled times. The mountaintops appear from the low lands to be sharply ridged or peaked, but in reality they have extensive tablelands on their summits, fit both for pasture and for tillage. The average elevation in its central part is about 500m. At places, isolated hills rise abruptly from the plains. But most of the areas have a general elevation of over 600m. which forms the watershed of some rivers. The Baitarani River takes its rise in the hilly North Western division. In between these two natural divisions passes the State Highway from Chainbasa to Jajpur Road through the headquarters, Kendujhargarh.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[1] Kendujhar (Keonjhar) District : Census 2011 data

Kendujhar District Overview

An official Census 2011 detail of Kendujhar (Keonjhar), a district of Orissa has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Orissa. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Kendujhar District of Orissa.

Kendujhar District Population 2011

In 2011, Kendujhar had population of 1,802,777 of which male and female were 907,135 and 895,642 respectively. In 2001 census, Kendujhar had a population of 1,561,990 of which males were 790,036 and remaining 771,954 were females. Kendujhar District population constituted 4.30 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for Kendujhar District was at 4.24 percent of Maharashtra population.

Kendujhar District Population Growth Rate

There was change of 15.42 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Kendujhar District recorded increase of 16.83 percent to its population compared to 1991.

Kendujhar District Density 2011

The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Kendujhar district for 2011 is 217 people per sq. km. In 2001, Kendujhar district density was at 188 people per sq. km. Kendujhar district administers 8,303 square kilometers of areas.

Kendujhar Literacy Rate 2011

Average literacy rate of Kendujhar in 2011 were 69.00 compared to 59.24 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 79.22 and 58.70 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 71.99 and 46.22 in Kendujhar District. Total literate in Kendujhar District were 1,069,023 of which male and female were 616,025 and 452,998 respectively. In 2001, Kendujhar District had 780,918 in its district.


Kendujhar Sex Ratio 2011

With regards to Sex Ratio in Kendujhar, it stood at 987 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 977. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate. In 2011 census, child sex ratio is 957 girls per 1000 boys compared to figure of 962 girls per 1000 boys of 2001 census data.

Kendujhar Child Population 2011

In census enumeration, data regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected for all districts including Kendujhar. There were total 253,418 children under age of 0-6 against 243,655 of 2001 census. Of total 253,418 male and female were 129,494 and 123,924 respectively. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 957 compared to 962 of census 2001. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 14.06 percent of Kendujhar District compared to 15.60 percent of 2001. There was net change of -1.54 percent in this compared to previous census of India.

Description 2011 2001 Actual Population 1,802,777 1,561,990 Male 907,135 790,036 Female 895,642 771,954 Population Growth 15.42% 16.83% Area Sq. Km 8,303 8,303 Density/km2 217 188 Proportion to Orissa Population 4.30% 4.24%

Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 987 977 Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 957 962 Average Literacy 69.00 59.24 Male Literacy 79.22 71.99 Female Literacy 58.70 46.22 Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 253,418 243,655 Male Population (0-6 Age) 129,494 124,210 Female Population (0-6 Age) 123,924 119,445 Literates 1,069,023 780,918 Male Literates 616,025 479,337 Female Literates 452,998 301,581 Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 14.06% 15.60% Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 14.28% 15.72% Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 13.84% 15.47%

History[edit]

Following the integration of the feudatory states with Odisha on 1 January 1948 the erstwhile princely state of Keonjhar emerged as one of its districts with its headquarters at Keonjhargarh and since then it is continuing as such. The whole district of Keonjhar was a princely state before its merger with Odisha. The early history of the State is not adequately known. It was most probably a part of the old Khijjinga territory with headquarters at Khijjinga Kota, identified with modern Khiching. It became a separate state with Jyoti Bhanja as its ruling chief in the first half of the 12th century A.D. The then State of Keonjhar comprised only the northern half of the modern district for a long time prior to the installation of Jyoti Bhanja as King. During the latter part of the 15th century the southern half was occupied by King Govinda Bhanja under whose rule Keonjhar was extended from Singbhum in the north to Sukinda(a Zamindari in Cuttack district) in the South and from Mayurbhanj in the East to the borders of the States of Bonai, Pallahara and Anugul in the West. During the rule of Pratap Balabhadra Bhanja (1764-1792 A.D.) two small areas of Tillo and Jujhpada were purchased from the Zamindar of Kantajhari and were added to the State. These were recognised as parts of Keonjhar in the Sanad granted by the East India Company to Raja Janardan Bhanj in 1804. Since then there had been no territorial changes of the State till its merger with the Province of Odisha. But after merger largely for the reasons of administrative expediency the areas of Tillo (7.51 km2) and Jujhpada (9.06sq.km.) were transferred to the districts of Baleshwar and Cuttack respectively, while a number of villages called Ambo group (14.84 km2.) of Balasore district were added to Keonjhar district. Present Ruler/Head/Tikai/Thakur A A Edit Raja Shri ANANT NARAYAN BHANJA Deo, present Raja Saheb of Keonjhar. Married and has issue. Rajkumar Dhananjay Narayan Bhanja Deo Rajkumar Janmejay Narayan Bhanja Deo

History A A  Edit

Founded sometime in the first half of the 12th century, the founder being Jati Singh (Jyoti Bhanj), brother of Adi Singh (Adi Bhanj), founder of the state of Mayurbhanj (), a slightly different version goes like this:- "Jai Singh, a son of Man Singh, the Maharaja of Jaipur in Rajputana, came to visit the shrine of Jagannath in Puri. He married Padmavati, the daughter of the Gajapati King of Puri, Pratapendra Deb, and received as her dowry the State of Hariharpur, which then comprised the two States of Moharbhanj and Keunjhar. Two sons were born to him, the elder of whom was named Adi Singh and the younger Joti Singh. In mauza Rarua in kila Hariharpur, there was a petty Zamindar named Mayura Dhwaja in possession of five pirs. He was conquered by Prince Adi Singh, and deprived of his Zamindari. The Gajapati King of Puri, hearing of the success of Prince Adi Singh, conferred on him the title of Bhanj." The Maharaja maintains a military force of 2949 infantry and 32 guns (as of 1892).

Predecessors and Genealogy Tree A A  Edit

Raja GOVIND BHANJ, Raja of Keonjhar fl.1480 ...... Raja JAGANNATH BHANJ, 35th Raja of Keonjhar 1688/1700 Raja RAGHUNATH BHANJ, 36th Raja of Keonjhar 1700/1719 Raja GOPINATH BHANJ, 37th Raja of Keonjhar 1719/1736 Raja NARSINGH NARAYAN BHANJ, 38th Raja of Keonjhar 1736/1757, married and had issue. Raja Daneshwar Narayan Bhanj (qv) [?Raja Chakradhar Bhanj, adopted by Raja Raghunath Bhanj of Mayurbhanj] Raja DANESHWAR NARAYAN BHANJ, 39th Raja of Keonjhar 1757/1758 Raja JAGATESHWAR NARAYAN BHANJ, 40th Raja of Keonjhar 1758/1762 Raja PRATAP BALBHADRA BHANJ, 41st Raja of Keonjhar 1764/1792 or 1762/1797, married and had issue. Raja Janardhan Bhanj (qv) Raja Tribikram Bhanj, adopted by the Raja of Mayurbhanj. Raja JANARDAN BHANJ, 42nd Raja of Keonjhar 1794/1825 or 1797/1832, he received the estate of Pal-Lahara as dowry, but the people there objected to his succession and Pal-Lahara subsequently became independent, married 1794, Rani Krishnapriya, died 1825, daughter of Raja Munipal of Pal-Lahara, aand had issue. Raja GADADHAR NARAYAN BHANJ Deo, 43rd Raja of Keonjhar 1825/1861 or 1832/1861, married (a), Senior Rani Bishnupriya, married (b), a daughter of Kunwar Ajambar Singh of Seraikella, and had adoptive issue, as well as natural issue. He died spl in March 1861. (A) Kumar Brundaban Bhanj Deo, adopted by Rani Bishnupriya, as the intended successor, but he was not recognized as such by the British Authorities. Maharaja DHANURJAI NARAYAN BHANJ Deo, 44th Raja of Keonjhar 1861/1905, born 27 July 1849, he succeeded to the gadi on 4 September 1861 (), he was formally confirmed in the title of Raja as a hereditary distinction in 1874 and the title of Maharaja was granted on 1 January 1877 as a personal distinction, married and had issue. Raja Gopinath Narayan Bhanj Deo (qv) Routrai Saheb Basudev Bhanj Deo, married and had issue. Kumar Janardan Bhanj Deo, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur (Undergraduate); entered politics after the merger of the Princely States into the Republic of India; M.L.A. (Orissa) 1952/1965 (three terms); interests were Reading, Sports, Shooting and Horse riding; married Kumari Sarada Sundari Devi, and had issue, one son and two daughters. He died 1 May 1965. Prabir Bhanj Deo Kumar Radheshyam Bhanj Deo. Prasanta Bhanj Deo Mukesh Kumar Bhanj Deo Pratap Bhanj Deo Pradyumna Bhanj Deo Raja GOPINATH NARAYAN BHANJ Deo, 45th Raja of Keonjhar [27.10.1905] - [12.8.1926], born 3 February 1883, he succeeded to the gadi on 27 October 1905, married and had issue. He died 12 August 1926. Raja Shri Balbhadra Narayan Bhanja Deo (qv) Chotrai Saheb Shri Laxmi Narayan Bhanj Deo M.A., born 25 July 1912, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur; M.L.A. (Orissa) 1946/1957 (two terms); Member of the Lok Sabha; Development Commissioner, Keonjhar; Revenue Minister, Keonjhar (xx.8.1945) - (xx.6.1947); Chief Minister, Keonjhar in 1947 (June to December); Nominated Member, Orissa Legislative Assembly 19491952; Member, Orissa State Red Cross Society; Member, Nrutya Natyakala Parishad, Orissa; Member of Senate, Utkal University since its inception till February 1948; an Elected Fellow from Registered Graduates Constituency till 1952; Fellow, Royal Economic Society and Royal Society of Arts, London; Member, South Club, Calcutta; National Sports Club, New Delhi; and Gymkhana Club, New Delhi; interests were Shikar and Photography, Motoring and Travel; married A. Sau. Preemlatika Raje, and had issue, one son and three daughters. He died 9 July 1986. Raja Shri Anant Narayan Bhanja Deo (qv) Rajkumari (name unknown), married (as his first wife), Raja Kishor Chandra Deo Samant of Athmalik. Raja Shri BALBHADRA NARAYAN BHANJA Deo, 46th Raja of Keonjhar [12.8.1926] - , born 26 December 1905 and succeeded 12 August 1926, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur; married Rani Manoj Manjari Devi, daughter of Raja Sriram Chandra Singh Deo of Kharsawan, and his wife, Rani Giriraj Devi, and had issue, one son and one daughter. Raja Shri Nrusingh Narayan Bhanj Deo (qv) Rani Swarna Prabha Manjari Devi, married Raja Prasanna Chandra Deo, Raja Saheb of Jarada, second son of Raja Hrudaya Chandra Dev Birabar Harichandan Mahapatra of Talcher, and had issue, three daughters and two sons. She died 2005. Raja Shri NRUSINGH NARAYAN BHANJ Deo, 47th Raja of Keonjhar fl.1970, married (div.), a daughter of HH Thakore Saheb Shri Pradyumansinhji Lakhajirajsinhji of Rajkot, and his wife, HH Thakorani Padma Kunverba Sahiba, no issue. He died after 1970. Raja Shri ANANT NARAYAN BHANJA Deo, 48th Raja of Keonjhar (see above)

Education[edit]

Colleges in Keonjhar include:

The schools in Keonjhar include:

  • Saraswati Shisu Bidya Mandir, Keonjhar
  • Dhanurjaya Narayana (DN) High School
  • Dadhi Baman High School, Turumunga, Keonjhar (Govt.)
  • Ekalavya Model Residential School.
  • Narasingh Swain(NS) Police High School.
  • Green Field School
  • Nirmala convent School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Govt Girls High School
  • Police Line High School
  • Sri Aurobindo Institute of Integral Education.
  • Tarimul High School
  • Kushaleswar High School
  • Janamangal High School, Keshadurapal, Keonjhar
  • Aum Maa Saraswati Bidyapitha, Ganpur, Angarua, Keonjhar
  • Raisuan High School, Raisuan, Kendujhar
  • Raisuan Girls High School
  • Fulkanlei High School, Fulkanlei
  • Jyotipur High School, Jyotipur
  • M.K. Gandhi High School, Sadangi
  • Dream Land Public School, Padmapur
  • G.P. High School, Raikala
  • Chhamunda G.P. High School, Chhamunda
  • Brahmeswar High School, Khuntapada
  • Kodagadia High School Kodagadia
  • MLHS, Padmapur, Keonjhar
  • Rimuli High School, Rimuli
  • Adibasi High School, Chandrasekhar Pur
  • Manoharpur High School, Manoharpur
  • Madhuban High School, Kansa-Kendua
  • Jhumpura High School, Jhumpura
  • Jamia Misbahul Uloom Assalafia (Arabic) School, Jhumpura
  • P. S. College, Jhumpura
  • Ukhunda High School, Ukhunda.
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Hadagarh, Kendujhar.
  • BVN ENG MED SCHOOL , BIDYADHARPUR, KEONJHAR - S PANDA

Politics[edit]

Er. Subarna Naik of BJD is the current MLA from Keonjhar assembly constituency. Mohan Charan Majhi won assembly elections in both 2004 and 2000. Earlier MLAs from this seat were Jogendra Naik of BJP (1995), C. Majhi of JD (1990), Chhotaray Majhi of JNP (1985), Jogendra Naik of INC(I) in 1980 and Kumar Majhi of JNP (1977).[2]

Present MP from Keonjhar (Lok Sabha constituency) is Y.N.S. Laguri of BJD.

Transport[edit]

Kendujhar is situated the National Highway No 49 (formerly it was 6) and 215.

Kendujhar railway station is on the Padapahar-Jakhapura branch line of Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line.

It is connected by broadgauge line to Jakhpura. Nearest airport is Bhubaneswar (220 km)

Sr. No Train Name and Number Start Time End Time

Barbil Station

1 Chakradharpur-Barbil Intercity Express/18403 05:15 am 07:50 am
2 Barbil Janshabatdi/12021 06:20 am 13:05 pm
3 Tatanagar-Barbil Passenger/58103 17:00 Pm 21:20 pm
4 Barbil-Puri Express/ 18415 6:30 pm 20:30 pm

Bhadrak Station

5 Balasore - Bhadrak Passenger/58029 13:40 pm 15:35 pm

Jajpur-Keonjhor Station

1 Kharagpur-Jajpur Keonjhar Road Passenger/58009 15:55 pm 20:50pm all days

[3]

2 Yesvantpur-Howrah SF Express/12864 12:10 PM 12:12 PM (for Bengaluru Route)all days
3 Purushottam SF Express/12802 1:47 AM 1:49 AM (for Delhi Route) all days
4 Guwahati Ernakulam Express/05624 9:44 AM 9:45 AM (for Ernakulum Route)Saturday for Ernakulam,Monday for Guwahati
5 Chennai-Howrah SF Mail/12850 10:15 AM 10:16 AM (for Chennai Route) all days
6 There are several trains for Kolkata, important ones are Janshatabdi, Dhauli Express, HWH-Puri Express,Jagannath Express

[4] Jakhapura Station

  Although Jakhapura Station is connected with Keonjhor on the coastal part of Odisha but no express train halt. 
  Only passenger trains for Jajpur Keonjhor Road are available. Even the road link to Jajpur Keonjhor Road is very poor.


1 Kharagpur-Jajpur Keonjhar Road Passenger/58009 15:55 pm 20:50pm all days
2 Yesvantpur-Howrah SF Express/12864 12:10 PM 12:12 PM (for Bengaluru Route)all days
3 Purushottam SF

Keonjhar Station

1 Keonjhar-Bbsr Fast Passenger /58425 5:30 am 11:20 am
2 Barbil-Puri Express/ 18415 13:10 pm 20:30 pm

Visakhapatnam-Tata Special via Keonjhar: 18516 Visakhapatnam-Tata Special train will leave Visakhapatnam at 1745 hrs o­n every Sunday between 22 September to 24 November 2013 and will arrive at Tata at 1045 hrs o­n the next day. In the return direction, 18515 Tata-Visakhapatnam Special train will leave Tata at 1300 hrs o­n every Monday between 23 September to 25thNovember 2013 and will arrive at Visakhapatnam at 0440hrs o­n the following days. This train has o­ne AC-2 tier, o­ne AC-3 tier, 05 Sleeper Class, 06 General Second Class and Two Guard cum Luggage Vans in its composition having stoppages at Simhachalam, Vizianagaram, Srikakulam, Palasa, Ichhapuram, Brahmapur, Chhatrapur, Balugaon, Khurda Road, Bhubaneswar, Mancheswar, Cuttack, Jakhapura, Sukinda Road, Harichandanpur, Kendujhargarh, Nayagarh, Jaroli, Bansapani, Dongoaposi, Chaibasa and Rajkharsuan between Visakhapatnam and Tata.

Places to visit[edit]

  • Khandadhar Falls, Kendujhar
  • Bada Ghagara
  • Mrugasinga
  • Sana Ghgara
  • Gonashika
  • Khanjhari Dam
  • Chiknia park
  • Ghatagaon
  • Asurkhal
  • Cheliadega
  • Murga
  • Kesharikund
  • Rupakund
  • Sitabinj
  • Gopalpur

References[edit]

External links[edit]