Kenedy County, Texas
|Kenedy County, Texas|
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Mifflin Kenedy|
|• Total||1,946 sq mi (5,040 km2)|
|• Land||1,458 sq mi (3,776 km2)|
|• Water||487 sq mi (1,261 km2), 25.1%|
|• Density||0.29/sq mi (0.11/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Kenedy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 416.Its seat is Sarita. Kenedy County is the fourth-lowest population of any county in the United States, following Loving County, Texas, Kalawao County, Hawaii, and King County, Texas. It is also the easternmost and southernmost county in the United States that has more square miles than people.
The county was created in 1921 from parts of Hidalgo and Willacy counties and is named for Mifflin Kenedy, an early area rancher and steamboat operator, whose son, James W. "Spike" Kenedy (1855-1884), in 1878 inadvertently shot to death the popular dance hall singer Dora Hand in Dodge City, Kansas.
In 1999, Hurricane Bret struck the county, but damage was minimal because of the low population. The Peñascal Wind Power Project was built near Sarita in the early 21st Century and is expected to slightly raise the population of the area.
Kenedy County is included in the Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,946 square miles (5,040 km2), of which 1,458 square miles (3,780 km2) is land and 487 square miles (1,260 km2) (25.1%) is water. In total area, Kenedy is the 13th largest county in Texas. In land area only, it is the 25th-largest county in Texas. Baffin Bay makes up much of the border with Kleberg County.
US 77 is the only highway (federal or state) in Kenedy County.
- The future route of Interstate 69E is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 77 in most places.
- Kleberg County (north)
- Gulf of Mexico (east)
- Willacy County (south)
- Hidalgo County (southwest)
- Brooks County (west)
National protected area
As of the census in 2000, there were 414 people, 138 households, and 110 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.28 people per square mile (0.11/km²). There were 281 housing units at an average density of 0.19 per square mile (0.07/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.49% White, 0.72% Black or African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 31.88% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 78.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 138 households, out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.60% were non-families. 18.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county, the population had widespread age groups including 29.20% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years old. For every 100 females there were 110.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $26,719. Males had a median income of $18,125 versus $12,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,959. 15.30% of the population and 9.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 15.60% are under the age of 18 and 18.80% are 65 or older.
Kenedy County, the third least populous county in Texas, had 108 times more cattle than people in 1999.
Almost all of Kenedy County is served by Sarita Elementary School (PreK-6) of the Kenedy County Wide Common School District. Of the nine Texas counties having only one school apiece, the population of Sarita Elementary School was the smallest.
A small portion of Kenedy County is served by the Riviera Independent School District.
- List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kenedy County, Texas
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Twelve Mile Circle - "More Land than People"". Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Kenedy, Mifflin". The Handbook of Texas On-Line. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- "James W. "Spike" Kennedy". familytreemaker.genealogy.com. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- "Susan Leiser Silva and Lee A. Silva, "The Killing of Dora Hand", October 1, 2009". historynet.com; originally in Wild West Magazine. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "[www.youtube.com What is Rural?]," Rural Texas in Transition. Window on State Government.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
- Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 18, 2013
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Kenedy County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Inventory of county records, Kenedy County Courthouse, Sarita, Texas, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
- Kenedy County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
|Brooks County||Gulf of Mexico|
|Hidalgo County||Willacy County|