Kengir is a village in central Kazakhstan. During the Soviet era, a prison labor camp of Steplag division of Gulag in Kazakhstan was set up adjacent to it. The camp, which was situated near the central-Kazakhstan city of Dzhezkazgan, near the Kara-Kengir River, and held approximately 5,200 prisoners, was the scene of a notable prisoner uprising in the summer of 1954 (see Kengir uprising). After the camp was closed, a large automotive depot was placed there.
- Formozov, N.A. Kengir: 40 days and 50 years. Memorial’s newspaper “30 October” 2004. #44 p. 4.; State Archive of Russian Federation (SA RF). F. 9414. Op. 1. D. 229. pp. 21, 173, 270; SA RF. F. 9414. Op. 1. D. 285. p. 309
- Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr (1976). The Gulag Archipelago. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-080396-7.
- Kulchik, Josip, Seagulls of Kengir ("Chaiki Kingiru", in Ukrainian), Lviv, 2000.
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