Kenhardt

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Kenhardt
Farm in the Kenhardt area.
Farm in the Kenhardt area.
Kenhardt is located in South Africa
Kenhardt
Kenhardt
 Kenhardt shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 29°21′00″S 21°09′00″E / 29.35000°S 21.15000°E / -29.35000; 21.15000Coordinates: 29°21′00″S 21°09′00″E / 29.35000°S 21.15000°E / -29.35000; 21.15000
Country South Africa
Province Northern Cape
District ZF Mgcawu
Municipality Kai !Garib
Established 1868
Area[1]
 • Total 159.35 km2 (61.53 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,843
 • Density 30/km2 (79/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 1.9%
 • Coloured 92.2%
 • Indian/Asian 1.1%
 • White 4.3%
 • Other 0.5%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 96.5%
 • Other 3.5%
Postal code (street) 8900
PO box 8900
Area code 054

Kenhardt (founded 1868) is a small town in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. This little town is about 120 km from Upington, the largest town in the area.

History[edit]

On 27 December 1868, special magistrate Maximillian Jackson with a police contingent, was sent to act against the Griquas in the area. The Griqua's anti-colonial resistance had erupted into an open conflict. Jackson arrived in Kenhardt and set up camp under a giant camelthorn tree.[2]

This has been for a long time the most remote settlement in the North-Western Cape. With time the town developed from under this tree, becoming a municipality in 1909. The Hartbees River, with its many sweet thorn trees, provides a green belt irrigated by the Rooiberg Dam. Kenhardt is famous for being at the heart of the Dorper sheep-farming area.

Geography[edit]

This region contains very little vegetation, primarily very low shrubs and yellow grass among a rocky desert kind of landscape. If you travel south from Kenhardt towards Brandvlei, you will pass through a huge landscape of nothingness for the next 200 km and more. During the seasons many birds flock to the pans, when they contain water, after some rainfall. Temperature above 40°C is not uncommon.

Activities[edit]

  • Visit the Quiver Tree forest, Kokerboom Woud in Afrikaans, about 8 km south of Kenhardt on the main route to Cape Town. Some of these trees have special formed weaver birds nests. The forest comprises approximately 4,000 to 5,000 kokerbome.
  • Walk the geological legendary granite metamorphic outcrops of the area. Along the trail all kind of quartz lie scattered.
  • Tours to the pans on the outlying farms where you can view San artwork– also known as Bushman– and enjoy the farm hospitality.
  • A hiking trail where Anglo Boer War remains and the beautiful landscape can be experienced.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Giant Camelthorn Tree

This tree is about 500–600 years old. It is under this tree which Magistrate Jackson set up his camp in 1868.

  • Old Library Building

The old library was built in 1897, and it was used until 1977. In 1978 it was declared a national monument, currently it is used by Sanlam as their office.[3]

A vast dry pan on which Sir Malcolm Campbell tried, in Bluebird 1, to set a new world land-speed record in 1929.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]