|District and Town|
Keningau town view.
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC)|
|Postcode||89000 to 89009|
Keningau is a district and major town located in the Interior Division of Sabah, East Malaysia on the island of Borneo. It is the oldest and largest town in the interior part of Sabah. There are many "pilak" on the Keningau streets. Its population in 2010 were estimated around 173,103.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demography
- 4 Places of interest
- 5 Communications and transportation
- 6 Other utilities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The name Keningau is derived from the Javanese cinnamon tree (Cinnamomun burmannii), or locally known as 'Koningau' which is abundant in the area. The tree is also known as 'Kayu Manis' in Malay, and it has also been referred to as the 'king of spice'. The bark of this tree was collected by the British North Borneo Company (Syarikat Inggeris Borneo Utara) to be sold as spice. Keningau used to be one of the most important administration centres of the British in the early 1900s. The Japanese also made use of Keningau as one of its government centres during their occupation of Sabah in World War II.
The village of Nuntunan in Apin-Apin was known as "44" during British rule. This indicated its distance of 44 miles (71 km) from Tenom, another British administration centre. Nuntunan was also known as "Office", because the British had its office by the Sg Apin-Apin riverbank, which was later taken over by the Japanese. When the British returned after the surrender of the Japanese, the remaining Japanese soldiers surrendered at Nuntunan. The locals still believe that the Japanese soldiers had hidden some treasures around the village before their retreat, although this claim has never been properly investigated. Nuntunan, a particularly inaccessible locale, is believed to be the place where the Japanese soldiers hid their shotguns or even their gold treasures.
The following towns, suburbs, and neighbourhoods comprise the area formally (and collectively) known as the Keningau Town.
The Keningau District has an area of 3532.82 km² (1364 sq mi) and is situated in a valley surrounded by the Crocker Range to the west and the Trus Madi Range to the east and south. The district consists of 43 mukims and 245 villages.
Ethnicity and religion
90% of the population in Keningau are Dusuns and Muruts, 8% are Chinese, and the rest are other indigenous locals such as Lun Bawang/Lun Dayeh. As with most other major population centres in Sabah, most of the Chinese in Keningau are of Hakka descent. The actual population of Keningau is, however, much larger than the recorded figure above, as legal employees of the many plantations, as well as illegal immigrants from Indonesia and the Philippines form a major component of the district. These illegal immigrants can enter Sabah easily via the open seas facing the Philippines in the eastern Sabah, or by entering through the porous inland border of Indonesia, particularly through what is known as Sungai Nyamok "jalan tikus" at Kalabakan in the Tawau District.
The people of Keningau generally speak Malay, with a distinct Sabahan creole. The Malay language here is different from the Malay language in the West Coast. In Keningau, the language had been influenced by the Indonesian language which was brought by the Buginese, Florenese and Timorese. Additionally, the Hakka language is widely spoken. This language has similarities with the Sama language in the Philippines, and borrows many words from the Suluk language, which is different from the west coast Bajau which was influenced by the Malayic languages of Brunei Malay.
Places of interest
Keningau Oath Stone
A monument erected and officiated on 16 September 1963 granted to the state of Sabah during the formation of the Federation of Malaysia. The monument is currently located in the compound of the Keningau District Office.
Communications and transportation
The Keningau township is connected by road through either the Kimanis-Keningau Highway or Tambunan road from Kota Kinabalu, which is about 138 kilometres in length. Keningau is 67 kilometres from Nabawan, 35 kilometres from Sook and 48 kilometres from Tenom. Keningau also connected to Tawau by road the Keningau-Tawau Highway. In 2010, Keningau road (from Apin-Apin to Tenom road) are upgrading to be the most major internal roads are dual-carriageways. Highway routes to and from Keningau :
- Kota Kinabalu-Papar-Kimanis-Keningau (Kimanis-Keningau Highway)
- Kota Kinabalu-Tambunan-Keningau-(Continue to Tenom) (Malaysia Federal Route 500)
- Keningau-Kalabakan-Tawau (Keningau-Tawau Highway)
- Keningau-Telupid-Sandakan (Keningau-Sandakan Highway)
Keningau Airport (Malay : Lapangan Terbang Keningau) (IATA: KGU, ICAO: WBKG) is a privately owned airport and also an abandoned airport and use for domestic flight. It Just 2.5 km from Keningau Town. After Sabah has 5 airport (Kota Kinabalu, Sandakan, Tawau, Lahad Datu and Kudat), the Keningau Airport is not used for domestic flights. The last flight to Keningau by Malaysia Airlines was in the 1970s.
Courts of law and legal enforcement
The Keningau court complex is located along Jalan Nyamok. It contains the High Court, Sessions Court, and the Magistrate Court. The new court also built in the same place. It is the biggest Magistrate Court in Keningau.
The district police headquarters is located at Jalan OKK Sodomon, while other police station can be found throughout the district such as in Police substations (Pondok Polis) are found in Apin-Apin, Bingkor and Sook in Keningau areas, and the Keningau Prison is located in the town centre.
There is one public hospital, four public health clinics, a child and mother health clinic, four village clinics, one mobile clinic and one 1Malaysia clinics in Keningau. The Keningau Hospital, which is located along Jalan Apin-Apin is the main hospital in Keningau, and has become an important attraction for patients from Nabawan, Sook, Tambunan, and Tenom including from Bingkor and Kota Kinabalu patients near the border area.
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ambual
- Sekolah Kebangsaan St.James
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Apin-Apin
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Banjar
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Batu Lunguyan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Rancangan Biah
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Binaong
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bingkor
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bonor
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bulu Silou
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bundu Apin-Apin
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bunsit
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kawakaan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Dalit
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Delayan Tulid
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kabatang Baru
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kalampun
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampong Baru
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampong Biah
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampong Keningau
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Karamatoi
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Jaya Baru
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Pekan Keningau
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Inandung
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bariawa Ulu
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kapayan Baru
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Lanas
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Liau Apin-Apin
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Luagan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Magatang
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Mansiat
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Membulu
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Menawo
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Merampong
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Mamagun
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Pasir Putih
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Pohon Batu
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kuala Kahaba
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Senagang
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Sinaron Tengah
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Sodomon
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Sook
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Membulu
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Tuarid Taud
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Tulid
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ulu Liawan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ansip
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Malima
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Penagatan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Sinua
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Meninipir
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Malaing
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bunga Raya
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Sinulihan Baru
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Simbuan Tulid
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ulu Senagang
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Gaulan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Patikang Laut Keningau
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Binuwou Tengah
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Rancangan Belia Tuilon
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Binakaan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bunang Sook
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Lintuhun Baru
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Nangkawangan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Nandagan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Binanon
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Pangas
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Keningau II
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Yuk Yin
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Yuk Kong
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Cheng Ming
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Gunsanad
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Gunsanad II
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bingkor
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Keningau
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Keningau II
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sook
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ken Hwa
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St. Francis Xavier
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tulid
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Apin-Apin
- Sekolah Menengah Teknik Keningau
Keningau has features a number of shopping malls. These include Keningau Mall (The first shopping Mall in Keningau), Servay Supermarket, Hiap Lee Supermarket and the old shopping Milimewa 1 and new Milimewa 2. In future, Keningau will the first Interior Division has biggest shopping malls.
The Keningau Sport Complex features badminton, tennis, volleyball and basketball as well as two stadiums for hockey and football. It is just 1 km from Keningau Town. In 2011, Keningau Sport Complex become the host of Sport Sabah (Sukan Sabah / SAGA).
- "Total population by ethnic group, administrative district and state, Malaysia, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- http://www.sabah.gov.my/pd.kgu/Keningau_secara_am.htm[dead link]