Kennedy family

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Kennedy
TheKennedyFamily1.jpg
The Kennedy family at the Kennedy Compound in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts (September 4, 1931). Seated left to right: Bobby, Jack, Eunice, Jean (on lap of) Joe Sr., Rose (behind) Pat, Kick, Joe Jr. (behind) Rosemary. Ted had not been born yet. The dog in foreground is "Buddy".
Ethnicity Irish
Current region Hyannis Port, Massachusetts
Place of origin Ireland/United States
Notable members
Connected members
Distinctions Prominence in politics
Estate Kennedy Compound

The Kennedy family is an American family of Irish descent who are prominent in American politics and government. The first Kennedys to reside in America were farmer Patrick Kennedy (1823–1858) and his wife Bridget Murphy (c. 1824–1888), who sailed from Ireland to America in 1849. Their son Patrick Joseph "P.J." Kennedy (1858–1929) went into politics and business. P.J. and his wife Mary Augusta Hickey (1857–1923) were the parents of businessman/politician Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Sr. (1888–1969). The four sons of Joe Sr. and his wife philanthropist/socialite Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald (1890–1995) were Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Jr. (1915–1944), John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (1917–1963), Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (1925–1968), and Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (1932–2009). Jack served as President from January 1961 to his assassination in November 1963 while Bobby and Ted both became prominent Senators. The Kennedys' political involvement has revolved around the Democratic Party. Harvard University educations have been common among them, and they have contributed heavily to that university's John F. Kennedy School of Government. The wealth, glamor, and photogenic quality of the family members, as well as their extensive and continuing involvement in public service, has elevated them to iconic status over the past half-century, with the Kennedys sometimes referred to as "America's Royal Family".

Joe Sr. originally pinned his hopes on eldest son, Joe Jr., to enter politics and be elected president. After Joe Jr. was killed in World War II, those hopes then fell on his second eldest son, Jack, to become president. Soon after Jack was elected President in November 1960, he, Bobby, and Ted all held prominent positions in the federal government. They received intense publicity, often emphasizing their relative youth, allure, education, and future in politics. From 1947, when Jack became a member of Congress, to 2011, when Ted's younger son Patrick Joseph Kennedy II (born 1967) departed Congress, there were 64 years with a Kennedy in elective office in Washington (excluding a short gap of less than a month when Jack resigned his Senate seat prior to his inauguration as president). This spans more than a quarter of the nation's existence.[1]

The family has suffered numerous tragedies, contributing to the idea of the "Kennedy curse". Joe Sr. and Rose's eldest daughter, Rose Marie "Rosemary" Kennedy (1918–2005), was made to undergo a lobotomy which turned out to be crippling. Jack and Bobby were both assassinated in the 1960s. Ted was involved in the Chappaquiddick incident. Joe Jr., Kathleen Agnes "Kick" Kennedy (1920–1948), and John Fitzgerald "John-John" Kennedy, Jr. (1960–1999) were killed in plane crashes. Ted was also involved in a plane crash, but survived. Most recently, Robert Francis Kennedy, Jr.'s (born 1954) second wife, Mary Kathleen Richardson (1959–2012), committed suicide on May 16, 2012.

Bloodline[edit]

  • John Kennedy I (1738–1803) m. Bridget Shallow (1744–1774)[2]
    • James Kennedy, Sr. (1770 in Dunganstown – 1835) m. Maria (maiden name unknown) (1779 – February 16, 1835)[3]
      • Mary Kennedy m. James Molloy
        • Maria Molloy
      • John Kennedy II (1804–1864), farmer, m. Mary K. Gunnip (1816–1881)
        • James Kennedy III
        • Patrick Kennedy II
        • unknown child
        • unknown child
      • James Kennedy, Jr. (1816–1881), farmer, m. Catherine Colfer
        • unknown daughter
        • unknown daughter
      • Patrick Kennedy (Bet. January 15 and February 16, 1823 in Dunganstown – November 22, 1858 in Boston), farmer, m. (September 26, 1849 in Boston) Bridget Murphy (c. 1824 in Dunganstown – December 20, 1888 in Boston)[4]
        • Mary L. Kennedy (August 6, 1851 – March 7, 1926) m. (January 1, 1883) Lawrence M. Kane[5]
          • Joseph Lawrence Kane (November 29, 1883 – March 19, 1967)
          • Mary Margaret Kane (August 25, 1885 – September 14, 1885)
          • George Philip Kane (September 8, 1888 – July 6, 1954)
          • Gertrude Margaret Kane (May 26, 1890 – January 14, 1969)
          • Frederick Kane (1892 – October 15, 1897)
        • Joanna L. Kennedy (November 27, 1852 – February 23, 1926) m. (September 22, 1872) Humphrey Charles Mahoney[6]
          • Daniel Mahoney (October 14, 1873 – November 20, 1875)
          • Mary E. Mahoney (October 18, 1875 – December 7, 1875)
          • William Henry Mahoney (May 17, 1878 – May 10, 1879)
          • Frances Josephine Mahoney (March 2, 1880 – April 13, 1963)
          • Annie Mahoney (February 13, 1883 – May 7, 1889)
          • Henry Joseph Mahoney (October 15, 1884 – February 3, 1961)
          • Gertrude Mahoney (October 7, 1886 – July 27, 1887)
          • Frederick Louis Mahoney (August 21, 1890 – October 26, 1965)
        • John Kennedy III (January 4, 1854 – September 24, 1855)
        • Margaret M. Kennedy (July 18, 1855 – April 2, 1929) m. (February 21, 1882) John Thomas Caulfield[7]
          • Mary Frances Caulfield (February 8, 1884 – June 14, 1938) m. Alexander G. Crawford (c. 1882 – ?)[8]
          • Frederick Caulfield (June 20, 1886 – ?)
          • Edith M. Caulfield (April 8, 1888 – April 6, 1943)
          • Henry R. Caulfield (May 1889 – April 27, 1925)
          • Florence J. Caulfield (November 19, 1891 – August 10, 1892)
          • Elsie G. Caulfield (October 1894 – February 8, 1914)
          • Jeanette Dorothea Caulfield (February 1896 – June 1, 1953)
          • John Theodore Caulfield (June 3, 1899 – August 18, 1966)
        • Patrick Joseph "P.J." Kennedy I (January 14, 1858 in Boston – May 18, 1929 in Boston), businessman, politician, m. (November 23, 1887 in Boston) Mary Augusta Hickey (December 6, 1857 in Winthrop, Massachusetts – May 20, 1923 in Boston)
          • Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Sr. (September 6, 1888 in Boston – November 18, 1969 in Hyannis, Massachusetts), businessman, investor, government official, United States Ambassador to England, m. (October 7, 1914 in Boston) Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald (July 22, 1890 in Boston – January 22, 1995), philanthropist, socialite, daughter of John Francis "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald and Mary Josephine "Josie" Hannon
            • Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Jr. (July 25, 1915 in Brookline, Massachusetts – August 12, 1944), World War II Casualty
            • John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, Sr. (May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts – November 22, 1963 in Dallas), 35th President of the United States, m. (September 12, 1953 in Newport) Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier (July 28, 1929 in Southampton, New York – May 19, 1994 in New York City), journalist, editor
            • Rose Marie "Rosemary" Kennedy (September 13, 1918 in Brookline, Massachusetts – January 7, 2005 in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin)
            • Kathleen Agnes "Kick" Kennedy (February 20, 1920 in Brookline, Massachusetts – May 13, 1948 in Saint-Bauzile, Ardèche), socialite, m. (May 6, 1944 in London) William John Robert "Billy" Cavendish (December 10, 1917 – September 9, 1944), politician, son of Edward William Spencer Cavendish and Mary Alice Gascoyne-Cecil
            • Eunice Mary Kennedy (July 10, 1921 in Brookline, Massachusetts – August 11, 2009 in Hyannis, Massachusetts), founder of Special Olympics, m. (May 23, 1953 in New York City) Robert Sargent "Sarge" Shriver, Jr. (November 9, 1915 in Westminster, Maryland – January 18, 2011 in Bethesda, Maryland), jurist, politician
              • Robert Sargent "Bobby" Shriver III (born April 28, 1954 in Chicago), attorney, journalist, producer, m. (May 7, 2005) Malissa Lee Feruzzi (born 1963), actress
                • Rosemary Scarlett Shriver (born January 8, 2009)
              • Maria Owings Shriver (born November 6, 1955 in Chicago), journalist/author, m. (April 26, 1986 in Hyannis, Massachusetts – July 1, 2011) Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947 in Thal, Styria), actor, politician, son of Gustav Schwarzenegger, police chief, and Aurelia Jadrny
              • Timothy Perry Shriver (born August 29, 1959 in Boston), Founder of Best Buddies[10] and Chairman of Special Olympics, m. (May 31, 1986) Linda Sophia Potter (b. June 13, 1956)
                • Sophia Rose Potter Shriver (born 1987)
                • Timothy Potter Shriver (born December 8, 1988)
                • Samuel Kennedy Potter Shriver (born July 13, 1992)
                • Kathleen Potter Shriver (born 1994)
                • Caroline Potter Shriver (born 1998)
              • Mark Kennedy Shriver (born February 17, 1964 in Washington, D.C.), politician, m. (June 26, 1992) Jeanne Eileen Ripp (b. November 30, 1965)
                • Mary Elizabeth "Molly" Shriver (born 1998)
                • Thomas Kennedy "Tommy" Shriver (born 1999)
                • Emma Rose Shriver (born 2005)
              • Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver (born July 20, 1965 in Boston), activist, m. (July 2, 1993 in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts) Alina Mojica (born January 5, 1965 in Havana)
                • Eunice Julia Shriver (born January 4, 1994)
                • Francesca Maria Shriver (born December 13, 1994)
                • Carolina Fitzgerald Shriver (born 2001)
                • John Joseph Sargent Shriver (born 2009)
            • Patricia Helen "Pat" Kennedy (May 6, 1924 in Brookline, Massachusetts – September 17, 2006 in New York City), socialite, m. (April 24, 1954 in New York City – February 1966) Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford (September 7, 1923 in London – December 24, 1984 in Los Angeles), actor, son of Sydney Turing Barlow Lawford, military officer, and May Sommerville Bunny
              • Christopher Kennedy Lawford (born March 29, 1955 in Santa Monica, California), author, actor, m. (November 17, 1984) Jean Edith "Jeannie" Olsson (born 1955)
                • David Christopher Kennedy Lawford (born 1987)
                • Savannah Rose Lawford (born 1990)
                • Matthew Peter Valentine Lawford (born 1995)
              • Sydney Maleia Kennedy Lawford (born August 25, 1956 in Santa Monica, California) m. James Peter McKelvy, Sr. (b. April 4, 1955)
                • James Peter McKelvy, Jr. (born December 6, 1985)
                • Christopher Kennedy McKelvy (born 1987)
                • Patrick Ryon McKelvy (born 1989)
                • Anthony Lawford McKelvy (born 1992)
              • Victoria Francis Lawford (born November 4, 1958 in Santa Monica, California) m. Robert Beebe Pender, Jr. (1953)
                • Alexandra Lawford Pender (born 1988)
                • Caroline Patricia Pender (born April 25, 1990)
                • Victoria Rose Pender (born 1993)
              • Robin Elizabeth Lawford (born July 2, 1961 in San Francisco), environmentalist, marine biologist
            • Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy, Sr. (November 20, 1925 in Brookline, Massachusetts – June 6, 1968 in Los Angeles), lawyer, senator, m. (June 17, 1950) Ethel Skakel (b. April 11, 1928 in Chicago), socialite
              • Kathleen Hartington Kennedy (born July 4, 1951 in Greenwich, Connecticut), politician, lieutenant governor of Maryland, m. (November 17, 1973) David Lee Townsend (b. 1947)
                • Meaghan Anne Kennedy Townsend (born November 7, 1977)
                • Maeve Fahey Kennedy Townsend (born November 1, 1979 in New Haven) m. David John McKean (born 1982)
                  • Gideon Joseph Kennedy McKean (born June 27, 2011)
                • Rose Katherine "Kat" Kennedy Townsend (born December 17, 1983 in Boston)
                • Kerry Sophia Kennedy Townsend (born November 30, 1991 in Washington, D.C.)
              • Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy II (born September 24, 1952 in Boston), businessman, politician, m. 1st (February 3, 1979 in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania – 1991) Sheila Brewster Rauch (born March 22, 1949), m. 2nd (October 23, 1993) Anne Elizabeth "Beth" Kelly (b. April 3, 1957)
                • Matthew Rauch "Matt" Kennedy (born October 4, 1980 in Boston) m. (July 7, 2012) Katherine Lee "Kate" Manning (born 1982)
                  • Lily Frances Kennedy (born November 11, 2013)[11]
                • Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy III (born October 4, 1980 in Boston), politician, m. (December 1, 2012) Lauren Anne Birchfield (born c. 1984)[12]
              • Robert Francis Kennedy, Jr. (born January 17, 1954 in Washington, D.C.), politician, attorney specializing in environmental law m. 1st (April 3, 1982 in Bloomington, Indiana – March 25, 1994) Emily Ruth Black (born October 15, 1957), m. 2nd (April 15, 1994 – May 16, 2012) Mary Kathleen Richardson (October 4, 1959 – May 16, 2012 in Bedford), architect, m. 3rd (August 2, 2014 in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts) Cheryl Hines (born September 21, 1965), actress and director
                • Robert Francis Kennedy III (born September 2, 1984)
                • Kathleen Alexandra Kennedy (born April 13, 1988)
                • Conor Richardson Kennedy (born July 24, 1994)
                • Kyra LeMoyne Kennedy (born August 22, 1995)
                • William Finbar Kennedy (born November 8, 1997)
                • Aidan Caohman Vieques Kennedy (born July 13, 2001)
              • David Anthony Kennedy (June 15, 1955 in Washington, D.C. – April 25, 1984 in Palm Beach, Florida), aspiring journalist
              • Mary Courtney Kennedy (born September 9, 1956 in Boston), former representative of United Nations AIDS Foundation, m. 1st (June 14, 1980 – 1990) Jeffrey Robert Ruhe, ABC sports producer (born 1952), m. 2nd (June 26, 1993 – present, separated February 2006) Paul Michael Hill (born August 13, 1954)
                • Saoirse Roisin Hill (born May 22, 1997 in Washington, D.C.)
              • Michael LeMoyne Kennedy, Sr. (February 27, 1958 in Washington, D.C. – December 31, 1997 in Aspen) m. (March 14, 1981 in New York City) Victoria Denise Gifford (born February 20, 1957), daughter of Francis Newton "Frank" Gifford, football player, sportscaster, and Maxine Avis Ewart
                • Michael LeMoyne Kennedy, Jr. (born January 9, 1983 in Charlottesville, Virginia) m. (September 22, 2012) Mary Campbell
                • Kyle Francis Kennedy (born July 6, 1984, Washington, D.C.) m. (August 18, 2012) Liam Nash Kerr
                • Rory Gifford Kennedy (born November 14, 1987 in Boston)
              • Mary Kerry Kennedy (born September 8, 1959 in Washington, D.C.), human rights activist, m. (1991–2005) Andrew Mark Cuomo (December 6, 1957 in New York City), politician, governor of New York
                • Mariah Matilda Kennedy Cuomo (born January 11, 1995)
                • Cara Ethel Kennedy Cuomo (born January 11, 1995)
                • Michaela Andrea Kennedy Cuomo (born August 26, 1997)
              • Christopher George Kennedy, Sr. (born July 4, 1963 in Boston), businessman, m. (August 15, 1987) Sheila Sinclair Berner (December 4, 1962)
                • Katherine Berner Kennedy (born October 4, 1990)
                • Christopher George Kennedy, Jr. (born June 15, 1992)
                • Sarah Louise Kennedy (born September 26, 1994)
                • Clare Rose Kennedy (born November 3, 1998)
              • Matthew Maxwell Taylor "Max" Kennedy, Sr. (b. January 11, 1965 New York City), author, attorney, m. (July 13, 1991 in Philadelphia) Victoria Anne Strauss (born February 10, 1964)
                • Matthew Maxwell Taylor "Max" Kennedy, Jr. (born September 18, 1993)
                • Caroline Summer Rose Kennedy (born December 29, 1994)
                • Noah Isabella Rose Kennedy (born July 9, 1998)
              • Douglas Harriman Kennedy (born March 24, 1967 in Washington, D.C.), journalist, m. (August 22, 1998) Molly Elizabeth Stark (b. 1969)
                • Riley Elizabeth Kennedy (born August 26, 1999 in Nantucket)
                • Mary McCauley Kennedy (born August 22, 2001)
                • Rowen Francis Kennedy (born June 2004)
                • Anthony Boru Kennedy (born January 2012)
              • Rory Elizabeth Katherine Kennedy (born December 12, 1968 in Washington, D.C.), documentary filmmaker and producer, m. (August 2, 1999) Mark Bailey (born 1968)
                • Georgia Elizabeth Kennedy-Bailey (born September 30, 2002)
                • Bridget Katherine Kennedy-Bailey (born July 2004)
                • Zachary Corkland Kennedy-Bailey (born July 16, 2007)
            • Jean Ann Kennedy (born February 20, 1928 in Brookline, Massachusetts), United States Ambassador to Ireland, m. (May 19, 1956) Stephen Edward Smith, Sr. (September 24, 1927 in Bayport, New York – August 19, 1990 in New York City), businessman, political strategist
              • Stephen Edward Smith, Jr. (born June 28, 1957), attorney
              • William Kennedy Smith (born September 4, 1960 in Brighton, Massachusetts), physician, m. Anne Henry
                • India Rose Smith (born May 10, 2012)
            • Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy, Sr. (February 22, 1932 in Boston – August 25, 2009 in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts), senator, m. 1st (November 29, 1958 – 1982) Virginia Joan Bennett (b. September 9, 1936 in New York City), model, m. 2nd (July 3, 1992 in McLean, Virginia) Victoria Anne Reggie (February 26, 1954 in Crowley, Louisiana), attorney, daughter of Edmund Michael Reggie, politician, judge, and Doris Ann Boustany
              • Kara Anne Kennedy (February 27, 1960 in Eastchester, New York – September 16, 2011 in Washington, D.C.), television producer, film producer, m. (September 1990 – 2011) Michael Dale Allen (b. 1958)
                • Grace Kennedy Allen (born September 19, 1994 in Washington, D.C.)
                • Max Greathouse Allen (born December 20, 1996 in Rockville, Maryland)
              • Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy, Jr. (born September 26, 1961 in Boston), entrepreneur, investment banker and lawyer, m. (November 9, 1993) Katherine Anne Gershman (b. June 9, 1959)
                • Kiley Elizabeth Kennedy (born August 7, 1994 in New Haven, Connecticut)
                • Edward Moore Kennedy III (born February 25, 1998 in New Haven, Connecticut)
              • Patrick Joseph Kennedy II (born July 14, 1967 in Brighton, Massachusetts), politician, m. (July 15, 2011) Amy Savell (b. 1975), sixth-grade history teacher
                • Owen Patrick Kennedy (born April 15, 2012)
                • Nora Kara Kennedy (born November 19, 2013)
          • Francis Benedict Kennedy (March 11, 1891 – June 14, 1892)
          • Mary Loretta Kennedy (August 6, 1892 – November 18, 1972) m. (October 12, 1927 in Winthrop, Massachusetts) George William Connelly (June 10, 1898 – August 29, 1971)[13]
            • Mary Louise "Marylou" Connelly (October 21, 1928 – August 1, 2009),[14] m. Matthew James McCarthy (February 8, 1926 – March 3, 1993)[15]
          • Margaret Louise Kennedy (October 22, 1898 – November 14, 1974) m. (June 14, 1924) Charles Joseph Burke, Sr. (August 23, 1899 – April 5, 1967)[16]
            • Margaret Louise Burke (born April 2, 1926) m. John Bernard DeVine (1920)
            • Charles Joseph Burke, Jr. (born May 5, 1928) m. February 4, 1976 Claire Colton (November 11, 1935)[17][18]
            • Thomas Francis Burke II (born May 25, 1933) m. Gertrude Ann Miller (October 10, 1936)

Photos[edit]

Weekend at Hyannis Port, August 3, 1963. Jack standing with his children and his numerous nephews and nieces: from left to right, Kathleen holding baby Christopher G. Kennedy, Ted Jr., Joe, Kara, Robert Jr., David, Caroline, Michael, Courtney, Kerry, Bobby Shriver holding Timothy Shriver, Maria Shriver, Stephen Edward Smith, Jr., William, Christopher Lawford, Victoria Lawford, Sydney Lawford, Robin Lawford, and, in the foreground, John-John
Jack and Jackie on their wedding day, surrounded by relatives
Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, Senator Ted Kennedy, and President John F. Kennedy outside the Oval Office in 1963
The Kennedy brothers, Jack, Bobby, and Ted, July 1960.


Spouses[edit]

See also[edit]

Coat of Arms[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Kennedy family
Notes
The Grant of Arms granting this Arms to all descendants of Patrick Kennedy was presented to John Fitzgerald Kennedy Sr. from the Chief Herald of Ireland on 17 March 1961, St. Patrick's Day.
Adopted
17 March 1961
Crest
Between two olive branches a cubit sinister arm in armour erect, the hand holding a sheaf of four arrows, points upwards, all proper
Escutcheon
Sable three helmets in profile Or within a bordure per saltaire Gules and Ermine
Symbolism
The 3 helmets on black alludes to the Arms of the O'Kennedys of Ormonde, and the red and Ermine allude the Arms of the FitzGeralds of Desmond. The olive branches and arrows symbolise America, because the olive branches and the arrows that appear in the Arms also appear in the talons of the American Eagle in the Great Seal of the United States of America.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Levenson, Michael (February 13, 2010). "Pondering a Congress without Kennedys". The Boston Globe. 
  2. ^ "Kennedy Homestead". Warren Farm Guest Cottages. 
  3. ^ "John F. Kennedy's Ancestors". Irish Townland Maps. Retrieved December 21, 2011. 
  4. ^ The Famine Ships: The Irish Exodus to America - Edward Laxton - Google Books. Books.google.com. 
  5. ^ "Person Page 6529". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  6. ^ "Person Page 6529". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  7. ^ "Person Page 6531". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  8. ^ Person Page 6532. Thepeerage.com (2008-08-26). Retrieved on 2014-05-29.
  9. ^ Spoto, Donald (2000). Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis: A Life. Macmillan. p. 136. ISBN 0-312-97707-7. 
  10. ^ Cooper, Chet. "Timothy Shriver — Special Olympics". ABILITY Magazine. 
  11. ^ Fee, Gayle. "Matt, Kate and Lily Frances Kennedy.". Boston Herald. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  12. ^ Stump, Scott. "Joe and Lauren Kennedy". TODAY. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Person Page 6532". Thepeerage.com. 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  14. ^ Mary Louise "Marylou" Connelly McCarthy (1928 - 2009) - Find A Grave Memorial. Findagrave.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-29.
  15. ^ Matthew James Joseph McCarthy (1926 - 1993) - Find A Grave Memorial. Findagrave.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-29.
  16. ^ "Person Page 6534". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  17. ^ "Charles Joseph Burke Jr.". Familytreemaker,genealogy.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  18. ^ "Roots V : Sample Reports". Ftp.sonic.net. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 

External links[edit]