Kennesaw Mountain

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For the former Major League Baseball commissioner, see Kenesaw Mountain Landis.
Kennesaw Mountain
NPS-Kennesaw-Mountain-autumn.jpg
Kennesaw Mountain in autumn
Elevation 1,808 ft (551 m)[1]
Prominence approx. 800 feet (250 m)
Location
Location Cobb County, Georgia, U.S.
Range Appalachian Mountains
Coordinates 33°58′34″N 84°34′47″W / 33.9762125°N 84.5796556°W / 33.9762125; -84.5796556Coordinates: 33°58′34″N 84°34′47″W / 33.9762125°N 84.5796556°W / 33.9762125; -84.5796556[2]
Topo map USGS Marietta

Kennesaw Mountain is a high-running ridge between Marietta and Kennesaw, Georgia in the United States with a summit elevation of 1,808 feet (551 m). It is the highest point in the core (urban and suburban) metro Atlanta area, and fifth after further-north exurban counties are considered. The local terrain averages roughly 1,000 feet (300 m) AMSL.

The mountain actually has two summits:

History[edit]

Kennesaw Mountain was originally a home to the mound builders in the years 900 to 1700 AD. Their descendants, the Creek people, were pushed out of Georgia by the Cherokee, who were then exiled by the United States and the state of Georgia on the Trail of Tears to the Oklahoma Territory during the Georgia Gold Rush.[citation needed]

In December 1832, Cobb County, where Kennesaw Mountain is located, was created. This was just short of a year of being in Cherokee "county", a territory that included all of northwest Georgia.

Cannon on Kennesaw Mountain in recreated artillery position.

Kennesaw Mountain was the site of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War, in which the Union forces of General William Tecumseh Sherman launched a bloody frontal attack on the Confederate Army of Tennessee, which was commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston. Federal judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, the first commissioner of Major League Baseball, was named after the battle, in which his father nearly lost his left leg.

The nearby city of Kennesaw, founded as Big Shanty, was renamed for the mountain after the war. (The mountain itself is not within the city limit.) Kennesaw Mountain High School is another namesake.

The Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park was created on June 26, 1935. It was formerly a Civilian Conservation Corps camp.

Other information[edit]

Antenna Tower at Kennesaw Mountain

At the base of the mountain, the park entrance hosts a new interpretive center, museum, and numerous self-guided tour trails that document Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's "March to the Sea" during the Civil War.

The road to the top is open weekdays to cars, and on weekends only to park buses, which offer transportation to visitors. The road is closed during and after winter weather, as there is no snow removal.

Kennesaw Mountain is also a major stopover location for several species of migrating songbirds. There are more than 25 species of warblers, including the rare Cerulean Warbler.

Several small radio antennas, which are atop the mountain near the summit, belong to the U.S. government and the government of Georgia. Originally on four separate wooden telephone poles, they were consolidated to a metal monopole around 2005. The quonset huts which house the transmitters and other telecom equipment are painted solid green or brown to camouflage them. Power lines are buried, and generators supply backup power in the event of a power failure.

A stylized representation of Kennesaw Mountain's distinctive twin peaks is part of the logo for nearby Kennesaw State University.

Marietta's Kennestone Hospital takes its name from the nearby Kennesaw Mountain and the more distant Stone Mountain.

Footnotes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Earl J. Hess, Kennessaw Mountain: Sherman, Johnson, and the Atlanta Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

External links[edit]