Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

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Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Map showing the location of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Location Cobb County, Georgia, USA
Nearest city Atlanta, GA
Coordinates 33°58′59″N 84°34′41″W / 33.98306°N 84.57806°W / 33.98306; -84.57806Coordinates: 33°58′59″N 84°34′41″W / 33.98306°N 84.57806°W / 33.98306; -84.57806
Area 2,888.14 acres (11.7 km2)
2,923 acres (11.8 km2) federal
Established February 18, 1917
Visitors 1,005,510 (in 2005)
Governing body

National Park Service

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Nearest city Marietta, Georgia
Area 2,923 acres (1,182.9 ha)
Built 1933
Architectural style Other, Federal, Moderne
Governing body Federal
NRHP Reference # 66000063[1]
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966

Kennesaw Battlefield Park preserves a Civil War battleground of the Atlanta Campaign, and also contains Kennesaw Mountain. It is located at at 905 Kennesaw Mountain Drive, between Marietta and Kennesaw, Georgia. The name "Kennesaw" is derived from the Cherokee Indian "Gah-nee-sah" meaning "cemetery" or burial ground.[2] The area was designated as a U.S. historic district on October 15, 1966.

History[edit]

Recreated artillery position

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, fought here between General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union army and Joseph E. Johnston of the Confederate army, took place between June 18, 1864, and July 2, 1864. Sherman's army consisted of 100,000 men, 254 cannon and 35,000 horses, while Johnston's army had only 50,000 men and 187 cannon. Much of the battle took place not on Kennesaw Mountain itself, but on a spur of Little Kennesaw Mountain known now as Pigeon Hill, and the area to its south around Cheatham Hill. 5,350 soldiers were killed during the battle. The battle resulted in a Confederate victory.

Park[edit]

Peter Valentine Kolb's Farm House at Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

Established as Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Site on February 18, 1917, it was transferred from the War Department on August 10, 1933, and redesignated a national battlefield park on June 26, 1935. As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.

Kennesaw Mountain Battlefield Park is a 2,923-acre (11.8 km2) National Battlefield that preserves a Civil War battleground of the Atlanta Campaign. There are 3 battlefield areas: In front of the Visitor Center, off Burnt Hickory Road and a major site at Cheatham Hill (commonly known as the Dead Angle). At the southern tip of the park, Peter Valentine Kolb's farm house, where a minor battle was fought, has been restored to its original condition. The Visitor Center contains an information desk, museum, and a theater which screens movies about the battle fought there. While walking some of the 17.3 miles (27.8 km) of interpretive hiking trails, you will see historic earthworks, cannon emplacements, and various interpretive signs. There are three monuments representing some of the states who fought here - Illinois, Texas, and Georgia. Kennesaw Mountain is 1,808 feet (551.1 m) above sea level. It is approximately a 664-foot (202 m) gain in elevation from the Visitor Center to the mountain's summit. The hike up is approximately 1.4 miles (2.3 km) on the road and 1.1-mile (1.8 km) up the trail.

The Mission of Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield[edit]

Monument to Illinois Soldiers at Cheatham Hill (The Dead Angle)

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield was authorized for protection by the U.S. War Department in 1917 and was transferred to the Department of the Interior as a unit of the National Park System in 1933. The 2,923-acre (11.8 km2) battlefield includes the site of some of the heaviest fighting of the Atlanta Campaign of the Civil War. The battlefield was set aside as an important cultural property dedicated to public inspiration and interpretation of the significant historic events that occurred here.[2]

With the expansion of urban sprawl from nearby Atlanta, Georgia, concerns have been raised that the preserved areas of the park may be in danger from overuse or misuse.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b "History & Culture - Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park", NPS.gov, 2009. Retrieved on November 6, 2012.

External links[edit]