Kenneth Jacobs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Kenneth Jacobs (disambiguation).
Sir Kenneth Jacobs
Justice of the High Court of Australia
In office
8 February 1974 – 6 April 1979
Nominated by Gough Whitlam
Preceded by Sir Cyril Walsh
Succeeded by Sir Ronald Wilson
Personal details
Born (1917-10-05) 5 October 1917 (age 96)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Sir Kenneth Sydney Jacobs KBE (born 5 October 1917), Australian judge, was a Justice of the High Court of Australia.

Jacobs was born in 1917 in Gordon, a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales. He was educated at Knox Grammar School, and later studied at the University of Sydney, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1938.

During World War II, from 1940 to 1945, Jacobs served in the Second Australian Imperial Force. He enlisted in Paddington in 1939, and remained in the service until 1948. Following his return from the war, Jacobs returned to the University of Sydney where he completed a Bachelor of Laws degree, winning the university's Medal for Law in 1946, and graduating in 1947. Later that year, Jacobs was admitted to the New South Wales Bar, where he practised as a barrister, and in 1958 he was made a Queen's Counsel.

In 1960 Jacobs was appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. In 1963, Jacobs was selected to serve a three-year term in Cyprus as the neutral presiding judge of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Cyprus, which was to be established following attempts to establish a constitution. However, following a period of civil unrest on 21 and 22 December 1963, the constitutional arrangements collapsed, and the court was never created.[1] In 1966 Jacobs was elevated to the Court of Appeal of New South Wales. From 1972, Jacobs was President of the Court of Appeal. Jacobs was appointed to the bench of the High Court on 8 February 1974. He was selected by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam and Attorney-General Lionel Murphy, and was thus the first High Court Justice to be appointed by a Labor government since William Webb in 1946. Murphy, who was himself appointed to the High Court the following year, praised Jacobs for humanitarianism and his excellent legal scholarship.[2]

Jacobs was made a Knight of the British Empire in 1976. He retired from the High Court on 6 April 1979. On 19 July, Jacobs was granted life membership of the New South Wales Bar.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Australia and Cyprus - 30th Anniversary of Invasion of Cyprus". The Whitlam Institute. Archived from the original on 19 July 2005. Retrieved 24 December 2005. 
  2. ^ "Lionel Murphy - Speeches". National Centre for Australian Studies. Retrieved 24 December 2005. 
  3. ^ "Life membership of the Bar Association". New South Wales Bar Association. Retrieved 24 December 2005. [dead link]
Legal offices
Preceded by
Bernard Sugerman
President of the New South Wales Court of Appeal
1972 – 1974
Succeeded by
Athol Moffitt