In an article entitled, "Transforming the Jewish Psyche," journalist Warren Kozak discussed Levin's analysis of the modern "penchant for self-denigration among Jewish people." Kozak summarized that "Dr. Levin, no sixth grade thinker, tells us that after centuries of hearing grotesque lies about Jewish people, that narrative hasn't just rubbed off on anti-Semites, but on some Jews as well." In an interview with the Jerusalem Post, Manfred Gerstenfeld praised Levin's Oslo Syndrome for bringing to light "this phenomenon of identifying with one's besiegers."
Following the 2005 publication of his book The Oslo Syndrome: Delusions of a People Under Siege, Levin became a frequent commentator on Middle East affairs.
Levin told an interviewer that he wrote The Oslo Syndrome to explain "why Israel's leaders, supported by the nation's academic and cultural elites and much of the broader population, were pursuing a course that was demonstrably placing the nation, including their own families, at dire risk."
According to Levin, the Oslo syndrome is a corollary of the Stockholm syndrome. Levin's original contribution is that the syndrome can afflict an entire people. The concept has passed into common usage in discussions of the Middle East.