Kenneth Matiba

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Kenneth Matiba
1st Leader of Official Opposition
In office
1992–1997
President Daniel Moi
Member of Parliament for Kiharu
In office
1992–1997
President Daniel Moi
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
1983 – December 1988
President Daniel Moi
Minister of Health
In office
1983–1988
President Daniel Moi
Minister of Culture and Social Services
In office
1983–1988
President Daniel Moi
Member of Parliament for Mbiri
In office
1979–1990
President Daniel Moi
Chairman of the Kenya Football Federation
In office
1974–1978
President Jomo Kenyatta
Permanent Secretary for Commerce
In office
1964–1968
President Jomo Kenyatta
Personal details
Born Kenneth Matiba
1942 [1]
Murang'a Kenya
Nationality Kenyan
Political party Saba Saba Asili
Spouse(s) Edith Matiba
Children Julie Matiba

Susan Matiba
Raymond Matiba[2]

Alma mater Makerere University (BA in sociology, geography and history.)[2]

Kenneth Matiba (born 1942 in Muranga District)[3] is a Kenyan politician who was the second-place candidate in the 1992 presidential election. In November 2007, he announced that he would stand as a presidential candidate in the December 2007 election.[4] Matiba placed seventh, with 8,046 votes.

Early career[edit]

Matiba became a senior civil servant at age 31. Before Kenya attained its independence in December 1963, he became the first indigenous African Permanent Secretary for Education (in May of that year).[5] Matiba was mentored by Carey Francis, headmaster of Alliance High School, who lobbied for his promotion to permanent secretary. In 1964, Matiba was appointed Permanent Secretary for Commerce under Minister Mwai Kibaki.[5]

Matiba continued to succeed during the post-colonial period, helped by his connection to the Kiambu family of Musa Gitau, one of the first Africans to become a minister in the Kenyan Presbyterian Church (Matiba is Gitau's son-in-law). Gitau also influenced Jomo Kenyatta, having taught him at the PCEA Center, Thogoto, Kikuyu. In the patron-client reward system established by Kenyatta after independence, such connections were important to success in the public and private sectors. Matiba later left his civil-service career for one in the hospitality industry, establishing the Alliance Group of Hostels based on the South Coast. He also invested in exclusive private schools, including Hillcrest Preparatory (founded by Frank Thompson) and Hillcrest Secondary School.

Matiba was chairman of the Kenya Football Federation from 1974 to 1978, and was elected to the Kenyan Parliament in the 1983 general elections from the Mbiri Constituency (later renamed Kiharu) in the Muranga District.[6] He served as Minister of Transport and Communications under the KANU administration led by President Daniel arap Moi, resigning in December 1988.

Political activism[edit]

At Moi's behest, Matiba was held without trial at the Kamiti Maximum Security Prison in 1990 with Charles Rubia, a member of the Kenyan Cabinet who also called for multiparty democracy.[7] While in prison Matiba was refused medication and suffered a stroke, which affected half his body and incapacitated him for some time. Later, a multiparty system was instituted and Matiba was released.

He was part of the opposition alliance forming the Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (FORD). During the December 1992 election, Matiba was the candidate representing FORD-Asili, a party he helped found in splintering from the original FORD. President Moi won the election on the KANU ticket; Matiba placed second, winning the Kiharu Constituency parliamentary seat in the concurrent parliamentary elections.[6] He boycotted the December 1997 election (citing a lack of democracy), burning his voter's card.[8] Matiba has a long-standing rivalry with Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki. Before the December 2002 election Matiba was leader of the minor Saba Saba Asili party, which declined to join the NARC coalition;[9] however, he did not run for the presidency or a parliamentary seat.

More recently, Matiba has been dogged by ill-health stemming from his 1990 imprisonment. His business holdings have also suffered, with his hotel chain being briefly taken into administration (although he regained control) and Hillcrest School sold by administrators (a case he legally contested). Matiba regained control of the school, which he later sold to a consortium led by Fanisi. He founded The People newspaper. It began as a weekly in 1992, becoming a daily in 1998; however, it is a drain on Matiba's finances.[10] As of 2008, he remained chairman of Saba Saba Asili and re-registered as a voter.[11]

Personal life[edit]

In 2000 Matiba released his autobiography, Aiming High.[5] As of 2010 he lived in Riara Ridge, Rironi (near Limuru) with his wife, Edith.[12] Their son, Raymond, is a former chairman of the Kenya Tourist Board.[13]

Controversy and Racism[edit]

As part of his bid to win the elections, Matiba promised to kick Kenyans of Indian origin out of Kenya. This resulted in several Kenyan-Indian families removing their children from the Matiba owned Hillcrest School. Matiba made violent speeches and incited hatred against the Indian minority in Kenya.

References[edit]

  1. ^ New African. IC Magazines Limited. 2002. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Walloga, Laban (June 5, 2013). "Detention saved Matiba from the sword of Kanu killers, says Edith" (in English). Nation Media Group. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  3. ^ New African. IC Magazines Limited. 2002. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  4. ^ The Standard, November 16, 2007: Matiba set to contest presidency
  5. ^ a b c Daily Nation, April 13, 2003: The Influential Young Turks Of The 60s
  6. ^ a b Center for Multiparty Democracy: Politics and Parliamenterians in Kenya 1944-2007
  7. ^ Amnesty USA, February 7, 1991: Medical Concern: Kenneth Matiba
  8. ^ The Standard, November 26, 2006:Anxiety over return of Kenneth Matiba
  9. ^ The Standard, November 26, 2006: Why former Kiharu MP will never forgive Kibaki
  10. ^ KENYA Press, Media, TV, Radio, Newspapers
  11. ^ Daily Nation, September 29, 2007: Anxiety grips Murang'a as Matiba gets new voter's card
  12. ^ The Standard, February 27, 2010: Raila, visits Matiba ahead of Kigumo tour
  13. ^ Financial Post: Kenya eyes a trillion shilling market

http://nipate.com/remembering-kenneth-matiba-t1381.html http://kumekucha1.blogspot.com/2007/08/kenneth-matibas-presidential-campaign.html http://www.ajol.info/index.php/jolte/article/viewFile/52003/40638 http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar/chronology.asp?groupId=50103