Kenneth Murray (biologist)

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Kenneth Murray (biologist)
Murray, Ken and Noreen.tif
Kenneth and Noreen Murray
Alma mater University of Birmingham (PhD)
Notable awards FRS[1]
Spouse Noreen Murray[2]

Sir Kenneth "Ken" Murray FRS[1] FRSE FRCPath (30 December 1930 – 7 April 2013) was an English molecular biologist.[3] His wife was Lady Noreen (née Parker), also a biologist. The team of Kenneth Murray developed the vaccine against hepatitis B and he is one of the founders of Biogen.

This was the first vaccine made using genetic engineering. Kenneth Murray was also founder and Chairman of the Darwin Trust of Edinburgh, a charity supporting young biologists in their doctoral studies.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Murray was born in Yorkshire and brought up in the Midlands. He left school at the age of 16 to become a laboratory technician at Boots in Nottingham. He studied part-time and obtained a degree in chemistry and then a PhD in microbiology from University of Birmingham. He was appointed, in 1967, to a post at the University of Edinburgh.

Sir Kenneth's wife, Noreen, died on 12 May 2011 aged 76.[5]


  1. ^ a b Brammar, W. J.; Gratzer, W. (2014). "Sir Kenneth Murray 30 December 1930 -- 7 April 2013". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2014.0008. 
  2. ^ Gann, A.; Beggs, J. (2014). "Noreen Elizabeth Murray CBE. 26 February 1935 -- 12 May 2011". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2014.0009. 
  3. ^ ‘MURRAY, Sir Kenneth’, Who's Who 2013, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2013; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2012 ; online edn, Nov 2012 accessed 11 April 2013 (subscription required)
  4. ^ Obituaries : Professor Sir Kenneth Murray, The Telegraph, 14 April 2013
  5. ^

External links[edit]