|President and Chancellor of Baylor University|
June 1, 2010
|Preceded by||David Garland (Acting)|
|39th Solicitor General of the United States|
May 26, 1989 – January 20, 1993
|President||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Charles Fried|
|Succeeded by||Drew Days|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit|
September 20, 1983 – May 26, 1989
|Appointed by||Ronald Reagan|
|Preceded by||George MacKinnon|
|Succeeded by||Karen Henderson|
|Born||Kenneth Winston Starr
July 21, 1946
Vernon, Texas, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic (Before 1975)
|Spouse(s)||Alice Mendell (1970–present)|
|Alma mater||Harding University
George Washington University (BA)
Brown University (MA)
Duke University (JD)
Kenneth Winston "Ken" Starr (born July 21, 1946) is an American lawyer and educational administrator, who has also been a federal judge. He carried out controversial investigation of figures during the Clinton administration.
Starr served as a federal Court of Appeals judge and as solicitor general for George H. W. Bush. He received the most publicity for his tenure as independent counsel while Bill Clinton was U.S. president. Starr was initially appointed to investigate the suicide death of deputy White House counsel Vince Foster and the Whitewater real estate investments of Bill Clinton. The three-judge panel charged with administering the Independent Counsel Act later expanded the inquiry into numerous areas including an extramarital affair that Bill Clinton had with Monica Lewinsky. After several years of investigation, Starr filed the Starr Report, which alleged that Bill Clinton had lied about existence of the affair during a sworn deposition. The allegation opened the door for the impeachment of Bill Clinton and the five-year suspension of Clinton's law license.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Education
- 3 Legal career
- 4 Federal judge and solicitor general
- 5 Early 1990s
- 6 Independent counsel
- 7 Post–independent counsel activities
- 8 President of Baylor University
- 9 Published works
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 Bibliography
- 13 External links
Ken Starr was born near Vernon, Texas, and was raised in Centerville. His father was a minister in the Churches of Christ who also worked as a barber. Starr attended Sam Houston High School in San Antonio and was a popular, straight‑A student. He was voted most likely to succeed by his classmates.
Starr first attended the Church of Christ-affiliated Harding University in Searcy, Arkansas, where he was an honor student, a member of the Young Democrats club, and a vocal supporter of Vietnam protesters. He later transferred to The George Washington University in Washington, D.C., where he received his bachelor of arts degree in 1968. During his time at The George Washington University, Starr was a member of Delta Phi Epsilon, the national professional foreign service fraternity. Starr worked for the Southwestern Company. He later attended Brown University where he earned master's degree in 1969 and then went to Duke University School of Law, earning his J.D. in 1973. Starr was not drafted for military service during the Vietnam War, as he was classified 4‑F, because of a case of psoriasis.
After his graduation from Duke, Starr became first a law clerk for U.S. Circuit Judge David W. Dyer of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (1973–74), then for Chief Justice Warren Burger (1975–77).
Federal judge and solicitor general
Starr was nominated for a judgeship on United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit by President Ronald Reagan and served from 1983 to 1989. He was the United States Solicitor General from 1989 to 1993 under President George H. W. Bush.
When the Senate Ethics Committee needed someone to review Republican Senator Bob Packwood's diaries, the committee chose Starr. In 1990, Starr was the leading candidate for the U.S. Supreme Court nomination after William Brennan's retirement. He encountered strong resistance from the Department of Justice leadership, which feared that Starr might not be reliably conservative as a Supreme Court justice. President George H. W. Bush nominated David Souter instead of Starr. Starr also considered running for the United States Senate from Virginia in 1994 against incumbent Chuck Robb, but opted against opposing Oliver North for the Republican nomination.
In August 1994 pursuant to the newly reauthorized Ethics in Government Act (28 U.S.C. § 593(b)), Starr was appointed by a special three-judge division of the D.C. Circuit to continue the Whitewater investigation. He replaced Robert B. Fiske, a moderate Republican who had been appointed by Attorney General Janet Reno. Although Starr and other independent counsels were later criticized as unaccountable and unstoppable, the statute gave the attorney general and the Special Division the authority to remove an independent counsel.
Starr took the position part-time and remained active with his law firm, Kirkland & Ellis, as this was permitted by statute and was also the norm with previous independent counsel investigations. As time went on, however, Starr was increasingly criticized for alleged conflicts of interest stemming from his continuing association with Kirkland & Ellis. Kirkland, like several other major law firms, was representing clients in litigation with the government, including tobacco companies and auto manufacturers. The firm itself was being sued by the Resolution Trust Company, a government agency involved in the Whitewater matter. Additionally, Starr's own actions were challenged because Starr had, on one occasion, talked with lawyers for Paula Jones, who was suing President Clinton over an alleged sexual assault. Starr had explained to them why he believed that sitting U.S. presidents are not immune to civil suit.
Investigation of the death of Vince Foster
On October 10, 1997, Starr's report on the death of deputy White House counsel Vince Foster, drafted largely by Starr's deputy Brett Kavanaugh, was released to the public by the Special Division. The report agrees with the findings of previous independent counsel Robert B. Fiske that Foster committed suicide at Fort Marcy Park, in Virginia, and that his suicide was caused primarily by undiagnosed and untreated depression. As CNN explained on February 28, 1997, "The [Starr] report refutes claims by conservative political organizations that Foster was the victim of a murder plot and coverup," but "despite those findings, right-wing political groups have continued to allege that there was more to the death and that the president and first lady tried to cover it up." CNN also noted that organizations pushing the murder theory included the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, owned by billionaire Richard Mellon Scaife, and Accuracy in Media, supported in part by Scaife's foundation. Scaife's reporter on the Whitewater matter, Christopher Ruddy, was a frequent critic of Starr's handling of the case.
Expansion of the investigation
The law conferred broad investigative powers on Starr and the other independent counsels named to investigate the administration, including the right to subpoena nearly anyone who might have information relevant to the particular investigation. Starr would later receive authority to conduct additional investigations, including the firing of White House Travel Office personnel, potential political abuse of confidential FBI files, Madison Guaranty, Rose Law Firm, Paula Jones law suit and, most notoriously, possible perjury and obstruction of justice to cover up President Clinton's sexual relationship with Monica Lewinsky. The Lewinsky portion of the investigation included the secret taping of conversations between Lewinsky and coworker Linda Tripp, requests by Starr to tape Lewinsky's conversations with Clinton, and requests by Starr to compel Secret Service agents to testify about what they might have seen while guarding Clinton. With the investigation of Clinton's possible adultery, critics of Starr believed that he had crossed a line and was acting more as a political hit man than as a prosecutor.
Lewinsky scandal, Paula Jones lawsuit
In his deposition for the Paula Jones lawsuit, Clinton denied having "sexual relations" with Monica Lewinsky. On the basis of the evidence provided by Linda Tripp, a blue dress with Clinton's semen, Ken Starr concluded that this sworn testimony was false and perjurious.
During the deposition in the Jones case, Clinton was asked, "Have you ever had sexual relations with Monica Lewinsky, as that term is defined in Deposition Exhibit 1, as modified by the Court?" The definition included contact with the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of a person with an intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of that person, any contact of the genitals or anus of another person, or contact of one's genitals or anus and any part of another person's body either directly or through clothing. The judge ordered that Clinton be given an opportunity to review the agreed definition. Clinton flatly denied having sexual relations with Lewinsky. Later, at the Starr grand jury, Clinton stated that he believed the definition of "sexual relations" agreed upon for the Jones deposition excluded his receiving oral sex.
Starr's investigation eventually led to the impeachment of President Clinton, with whom Starr shared Time's Man of the Year designation for 1998. Despite his impeachment, the president was acquitted in the subsequent trial before the United States Senate as all 45 Democrats and 10 Republicans voted to acquit.
Second thoughts on DOJ request
In 2004 Starr expressed regret for ever having asked the Department of Justice to assign him to oversee the Lewinsky investigation personally, saying, "the most fundamental thing that could have been done differently" would have been for somebody else to have investigated the matter.
Criticism and political satire
As with many controversial figures, Kenneth Starr has been the subject of political satire. James Carville's book, And the Horse He Rode In On, attempted to cast Starr's time as special prosecutor in a negative light.
Post–independent counsel activities
After five years as independent counsel, Starr resigned and returned to private practice as an appellate lawyer and a visiting professor at New York University, the Chapman University School of Law, and the George Mason University School of Law. Starr worked as a partner at Kirkland & Ellis, specializing in litigation. He was one of the lead attorneys in a class-action lawsuit filed by a coalition of liberal and conservative groups (including the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Rifle Association) against the regulations created by the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002, known informally as McCain-Feingold Act. In the case, Starr argued that the law is an unconstitutional abridgement of free speech.
On April 6, 2004, he was appointed dean of the Pepperdine University School of Law. He originally accepted a position at Pepperdine as the first dean of the newly created School of Public Policy in 1996; however, he withdrew from the appointment in 1998, several months after the Lewinsky controversy erupted. Critics charged that there was a conflict of interest due to substantial donations to Pepperdine from billionaire Richard Mellon Scaife, a Clinton critic who funded many media outlets attacking the president. (Scaife's money, however, supported the Foster-was-murdered theory, according to CNN, and Scaife defunded The American Spectator after it endorsed Starr's conclusion of suicide and mocked a Scaife-aided book.) In 2004, some five years after President Clinton's impeachment, Starr was again offered a Pepperdine position at the School of Law and this time accepted it.
Death penalty cases
In 2005 Starr worked to overturn the death sentence of Robin Lovitt, who was on Virginia's death row for murdering a man during a robbery in 1998. Starr provided his services to Lovitt pro bono. On October 3, 2005, the Supreme Court denied certiorari. (Lovitt was granted clemency and had his sentence commuted to life in prison without parole, on November 29, 2005, by Governor Mark Warner of Virginia.)
On January 26, 2006, the defense team of convicted murderer Michael Morales (which included Starr) sent letters to California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger requesting clemency for Morales. Letters purporting to be from the jurors who determined Morales's death sentence were included in the package sent to Schwarzenegger. However, prosecutors alleged that the documents were forgeries, and accused investigator and anti-death penalty activist Kathleen Culhane of falsifying the documents. Lead defense attorney David Senior and his team soon withdrew the documents. Ultimately, clemency was denied, but the falsified documents were not used in the rationale. Eventually, Culhane was criminally charged with forging the documents and, under a plea agreement, was sentenced to five years in prison.
Morse v. Frederick
On May 4, 2006, Starr announced that he would represent the school board of Juneau, Alaska, in its appeal to the United States Supreme Court in a case brought by a former student, Joseph Frederick. The former student unfurled a banner at a school sponsored event saying "Bong Hits 4 Jesus" as the Olympic torch was passing through Juneau, prior to arriving in Salt Lake City, Utah, for the 2002 Winter Olympics. The board decided to suspend the student. The student then sued and won at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which stated that the board violated the student's first amendment right to free speech. On August 28, 2006, Starr filed a writ of certiorari for a hearing with the Supreme Court. On June 21, 2007, in an opinion authored by Chief Justice John G. Roberts, the court ruled in favor of Starr's client, finding that "a principal may, consistent with the First Amendment, restrict student speech at a school event, when that speech is reasonably viewed as promoting illegal drug use."
Blackwater Security Consulting v. Nordan (No. 06-857)
California Proposition 8 post-election lawsuits
On December 19, 2008, Proposition 8 supporters named Starr to represent them in post-election lawsuits to be heard by the Supreme Court of California. Opponents of the measure sought to overturn it as a violation of fundamental rights, while supporters sought to invalidate the 18,000 same-sex marriages performed in the state before Proposition 8 passed. Oral arguments took place on March 5, 2009, in San Francisco.
Starr argued that "Prop. 8 was a modest measure that left the rights of same-sex couples undisturbed under California's domestic-partner laws and other statutes banning discrimination based on sexual orientation," to the agreement of most of the judges. The main issue that arose during the oral argument included the meaning of the word "inalienable," and to which extent this word goes when used in Article I of the Californian Constitution. Christopher Krueger of the attorney general's office said that inalienable rights may not be stripped away by the initiative process. Starr countered that "rights are important, but they don't go to structure . . . rights are ultimately defined by the people."
The court ultimately held that the measure was valid and effective, but would not be applied retroactively to marriages performed prior to its enactment.
Defense of Jeffrey Epstein
In 2007 Starr joined the legal team of Palm Beach millionaire Jeffrey Epstein, who was criminally accused of the statutory rape of numerous underaged high school students. Epstein would later plea bargain to plead guilty to several charges of soliciting prostitutes and serve 13 months in a private wing of the Palm Beach jail.
Support for Christopher Kloman
In 2013, Starr wrote a letter to a Fairfax County, Virginia judge in support of Christopher Kloman, a 74-year-old retired teacher at the Potomac School who pleaded guilty to molesting five female students over a period from 1966 to 1985. Starr asked the judge presiding over the case for leniency for Kloman, who is a friend of the Starr family and who "took the time to chat" with Starr's daughter, who was a student at the school until 1998. "Community service would a far better punishment than having him languish in jail," he wrote.
President of Baylor University
Starr was Louise L. Morrison Professor of Constitutional Law at Pepperdine University, when on February 15, 2010, Baylor University announced that it would introduce Starr as its newest president. Starr became Baylor's 14th president, replacing John Lilley who was ousted in mid‑2008 (interim presidents are not counted in the list of Baylor's presidents). Starr was introduced as the new president on June 1, 2010.
The official inauguration of Ken Starr as the 14th president of Baylor University was held Friday, September 17, 2010, where Stephen L. Carter was the keynote speaker. Within his first two weeks at the helm, Starr was immediately plunged into "leading the charge" to keep the university in the Big 12 Conference for athletics.
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- George H. W. Bush Supreme Court candidates
- List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States
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- Starr bio on Kirkland site. See also Kirkland & Ellis LLP, accessed 2009-06-25.
- (When this constitutional issue ultimately reached the Supreme Court, the justices unanimously agreed.)
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- Lacayo, Richard and Cohen, Adam Inside Starr and His Operation, Time, Feb 9, 1998
- Froomkin, Dan Untangling Whitewater, Washington Post, accessed 2009-06-25
- "President Clinton's Deposition in the Paula Jones Case". Washington Post. 1998-01-17. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- King, John (1998-05-03). "New Details Of Clinton's Jones Deposition Leaked". CNN. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
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- Office of the Independent Counsel (1998-08-09). "Nature of President Clinton's Relationship with Monica Lewinsky". The Starr Report (US Government Printing Office). Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- See Impeachment of Bill Clinton#Trial before U.S. Senate.
- Deseret News: Starr regrets lead role in Clinton investigation. December 4, 2004.
- Elias, Paul (2006-01-27). "Ken Starr asks governor to spare condemned killer". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Communications Inc.). Retrieved 2009-06-25.[dead link]
- "SACRAMENTO / Governor turns down killer's bid for clemency / Morales running out of options as Tuesday's execution nears". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Sahagun, Louis (2007-08-17). "Death penalty foe gets five years in prison". Los Angeles Times.
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- Egelko, Bob (2009-03-05). "Justices seem to be leaning in favor of Prop. 8". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-03-05.
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- "LEWINSKY PROSECUTOR JOINS DEFENSE OF CLINTON CRONY". Palm Beach Post. 2007-09-12.
- "how the billionaire pedophile got off easy". Retrieved 2013-03-27.
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- The Inauguration of Kenneth Winston Starr, Baylor University.
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- Clinton, Bill (2005). My Life. Vintage. ISBN 1-4000-3003-X.
- Conason, Joe and Lyons, Gene (2000). The Hunting of the President. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0-312-27319-3.
- Greenburg, Jan Crawford (2006). Supreme Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for Control of the United States Supreme Court. Penguin Books, ISBN 978-1-59420-101-1.
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- Office of the President at Baylor University
- Profile at the Wayback Machine (archived February 15, 2007) at the U.S. Department of Justice
- Ken Starr at the Internet Movie Database
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Cases argued before the Supreme Court at Oyez.org
- Lobbyist record (2001–2002) at OpenSecrets.org
- Faculty profile at Pepperdine[dead link]
- Starr, in New Role, Gives Hope to a Needy Death Row Inmate, Donna St. George, The Washington Post, March 14, 2005
- 2008 Interview with Kenneth Starr on hossli.com
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
|Solicitor General of the United States
|President of Baylor University