Kenosha, Wisconsin

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Kenosha, Wisconsin
City
Kenosha's Lakefront
Kenosha's Lakefront
Official seal of Kenosha, Wisconsin
Seal
Location of Kenosha within Wisconsin
Location of Kenosha within Wisconsin
Coordinates: 42°34′56″N 87°50′44″W / 42.58222°N 87.84556°W / 42.58222; -87.84556Coordinates: 42°34′56″N 87°50′44″W / 42.58222°N 87.84556°W / 42.58222; -87.84556
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Kenosha
Settled Pike, 1835
Incorporated Kenosha, 1850
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Mayor Keith G. Bosman[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 27.03 sq mi (70.01 km2)
 • Land 26.93 sq mi (69.75 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation 604 ft (184 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 99,218
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 100,150
 • Rank US: 289th
 • Density 3,684.3/sq mi (1,422.5/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Code 53140–53144
Area code(s) 262
FIPS code 55-39225[5]
GNIS feature ID 1567416[6]
Website www.kenosha.org

Kenosha /kɛˈnˈʃɑː/ is a city in and the county seat of Kenosha County in U.S. state of Wisconsin.[7] With a population of 100,150 as of November 2012,[8] Kenosha is the fourth-largest city in Wisconsin. Kenosha is also the fourth-largest city on the western shore of Lake Michigan, preceded by Chicago, Milwaukee, and Green Bay. Kenosha lies on the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan, 35 miles (56 km) south of Milwaukee and 50 miles north of Chicago. Kenosha is part of the U.S. Census Bureau's Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.[9]

Geography[edit]

Kenosha is located in the southeastern corner of Wisconsin at 42°34′56″N 87°50′44″W / 42.58222°N 87.84556°W / 42.58222; -87.84556 (42.582220, -87.845624).[10] Kenosha's eastern boundary is Lake Michigan. It is bordered by the Town of Somers to the north, the village of Bristol to the west and the village of Pleasant Prairie to the south. Kenosha's passenger train station is the last stop on Chicago's Union Pacific North Metra Line and is conveniently located almost halfway between Milwaukee and Chicago.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.03 square miles (70.01 km2), of which, 26.93 square miles (69.75 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,455
1860 3,990 15.5%
1870 4,309 8.0%
1880 4,039 −6.3%
1890 6,532 61.7%
1900 11,606 77.7%
1910 21,371 84.1%
1920 40,472 89.4%
1930 50,262 24.2%
1940 48,765 −3.0%
1950 54,368 11.5%
1960 67,899 24.9%
1970 78,805 16.1%
1980 77,685 −1.4%
1990 80,352 3.4%
2000 90,352 12.4%
2010 99,218 9.8%
Est. 2012 100,150 0.9%
U.S. Census Bureau[11]

In 1999, the Wisconsin Legislature enacted a law requiring each municipality to produce a comprehensive plan. Kenosha, however, has been creating comprehensive plans since 1925. The most recent Kenosha plan projects:

  • an increase in industrial land by 268 percent, from 673 acres (2.72 km2) to 1,804 acres (7.30 km2), from 2000 to 2035.
  • an additional 11,586 housing units by 2035.
  • 14,830 jobs, up 34 percent from 2000.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 99,218 people, 37,376 households, and 24,090 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,684.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,422.5 /km2). There were 40,643 housing units at an average density of 1,509.2 per square mile (582.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.1% White, 10.0% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.8% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.3% of the population.

There were 37,376 households of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.5% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.17.

The median age in the city was 33.5 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.3% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 10.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 90,352 people, 34,411 households, and 22,539 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,795.1 people per square mile (1,465.1/km²). There were 36,004 housing units at an average density of 1,512.3 per square mile (583.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.64% White, 7.68% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.83% from other races and 2.38% from two or more races. 9.96% of the population were Hispanic or of any race. 25.5% were of German, 11.5% Italian, 7.1% Irish and 6.6% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 34,411 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them: 47.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 34.5% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population included 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

History[edit]

Pre-Clovis culture settlements were discovered in the greater Kenosha area in the late 20th century. These prehistoric settlements date approximately to the era of the Wisconsin glaciation.[12] Paleo Indians first settled in the area at least 13,500 years ago.[13]

The Potawatomi originally named the area gnozhé ("place of the pike").

The early name by the Ojibwa Indians is reported as Masu-kinoja. This describes the place of spawning trout as "Trout (Pike) come all at same time". There were thousands of fish entering the rivers from Lake Michigan. Harvesting these fish provided food for the coming months. There is also a town of Masu-kegan in Michigan.

The first white settlers were part of the Western Emigration Company. They arrived in the early 1830s from Hannibal and Troy, New York, led by John Bullen, Jr., who sought to purchase enough land for a town. Thwarted in Milwaukee and Racine, the group arrived at Pike Creek on 6 June 1835, building log and later frame homes. The first school and churches followed by 1835, with platting completed in 1836.[14] As more settlers arrived and the first post office was established, the community was first known as Pike in 1836. In the ensuing years the area became an important Great Lakes shipping port, and the village was once again renamed, this time to Southport. (This is still the name of a southeast-side neighborhood, park, and elementary school, as well as several businesses).

In 1850, another change brought the growing city (and later Kenosha County) its current title, an Anglicized version of the early name Kinoje.[15] Kenoshans often refer affectionately to their city as "K-Town" and "Keno" (the latter adopted by some local businesses).

Between 1902 and 1988, Kenosha produced millions of automobiles and trucks[16] under marques such as Jeffery, Rambler, Nash, Hudson, LaFayette, and American Motors Corporation (AMC). A prototype steam car was built in Kenosha by the Sullivan-Becker engineering firm in 1900. Two years later the Thomas B. Jeffery Company, builders of the Sterling bicycle, began production of the Rambler runabout. In 1902 Rambler and Oldsmobile were the first cars to employ mass-production techniques. The 1902 Rambler was also the first automobile to incorporate a steering wheel, rather than use the then-common tiller-controlled steering. In 1916 Jeffery was purchased by auto executive Charles W. Nash and became Nash Motors. In May 1954, Nash acquired Detroit-based Hudson and the new firm was named American Motors Corporation. A 47-acre (190,000 m2) west side park and an elementary school are named for Charles W. Nash.[17]

In partnership with French automaker Renault, AMC manufactured several models in Kenosha in the early 1980s including the Alliance, which won the 1983 “Car of The Year” award from Motor Trend magazine. Two decades earlier, AMC's 1963 Rambler Classic had also received the award. In 1987 Renault sold its controlling interest in AMC to Chrysler Corporation, which had already contracted with AMC for the production of its M-body mid-sized cars at the Kenosha plant. The AMC Lakefront plant (1960–88), a smaller facility, was demolished in 1990 (a chimney-demolition ceremony that June drew 10,000 spectators) and was redeveloped into upscale HarborPark,[18] with its rambling lakeside condominiums, large recreational marina, water park and promenades, artworks, sculptures, fountains (including the 2007 Christopher Columbus fountain), the Kenosha Public Museum, which opened in 2000, and the Civil War Museum, which opened in 2008, all connected by the Kenosha Electric Railway streetcar system.

Harborpark

From the start of the 20th century through the 1930s, many Italian, Irish, Polish and German immigrants, many of them skilled craftsmen, made their way to the city and contributed to the city's construction, culture, architecture, music and literature.

Kenosha has 21 locations and three districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places[19] including the Library Park, Third Avenue, and the Civic Center historic districts. The city has a Kenosha Landmarks Commission, and among the many local city-designated landmarks are the 1929 YMCA at 711 59th Place, the Manor House at 6536 Third Avenue, the John McCaffary House at 5732 13th Court, the St. Matthew Episcopal Church at 5900 Seventh Avenue, the Washington Park Clubhouse at 2205 Washington Road, and the Justin Weed House at 3509 Washington Road.

In June 1993, the city installed reproductions of the historic Sheridan LeGrande street lights that were specially designed for Kenosha by Westinghouse Electric in 1928; these can be seen on Sixth Avenue between 54th and 59th Streets. A classic two-mile (3 km) downtown electric streetcar system was opened on June 17, 2000.

Law and government[edit]

Kenosha has a mayor, who is the chief executive, and a city administrator, who is the chief operating officer. The mayor is elected every four years. The city's Common Council consists of 17 aldermen from Kenosha's 17 districts (each district having several wards), elected for two-year terms in even-numbered years.

Currently the Mayor of Kenosha is Keith Bosman, who has been serving since 2008. Previously the mayor of Kenosha for four terms beginning in April 1992 was John Martin Antaramian, the longest-serving mayor in the city's history.[20] In late 2006, Antaramian was awarded the Robert B. Bell, Sr. Best Public Partner Award for his advocacy towards quality real estate development.[21] He was a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[22] a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

Antaramian announced during 2007 that he would not seek reelection in 2008.

Kenosha is represented by Paul Ryan (R) in the United States House of Representatives, and by Ron Johnson (R) and Tammy Baldwin (D) in the United States Senate. Robert Wirch (D) represents Kenosha in the Wisconsin State Senate, and Peter Barca (D) and Tod Ohnstad (D) represent Kenosha in the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Economy[edit]

Uptown Kenosha

Years ago a busy center of manufacturing, Kenosha is today sometimes considered a "bedroom community" within the Chicago-Milwaukee megalopolis, often attracting new residents from Illinois, especially in the more newly developed western reaches of the city.[citation needed] This leads to Kenosha sometimes being called Chicago's northernmost suburb.[citation needed] According to county statistics, 49% of Kenosha's workforce commutes outside of Kenosha County to their positions. Many travel northward towards Milwaukee or south into the Chicago area.[23] Kenosha does have some of its own employment, and is not a "typical" suburb; in fact, many locals consider neighboring communities Pleasant Prairie and Somers to be suburbs of Kenosha.

A June 2009 study by the Milken Institute ("North America's High-Tech Economy: The Geography of Knowledge-Based Industries") reported that Kenosha placed in the national top-50 high-tech economies.[24] The Public Policy Forum reported that Kenosha's personal-income levels have been sharply rising;[when?] the latest local gain stands at $30.3 million, in contrast to a personal-income drop of $434 million within other adjoining southeastern-Wisconsin communities (except for neighboring Walworth County, which had a $3.3 million gain in the latest statistics.)[citation needed] The Kenosha Board of Realtors reported on March 24, 2010 that Kenosha-area home sales were outpacing the national home-sales trends for most of 2009 and into the new decade. Much of this increase is attributable to the constant influx of newer residents from northern Illinois into higher-priced new developments at the edge of the city.[citation needed]

HarborPark overlooking Kenosha Harbor

Today, Kenosha's employment demographics are mainly white-collar. The city's largest employer is the multi-level educational system (this includes Kenosha Public Schools as well as UW-Parkside), and Kenosha's largest private employer is Abbott Laboratories in Abbott Park, Illinois which has recently purchased 400 acres (1.6 km2) within Kenosha County at Highways C at Interstate 94.[25] Kenosha is also home of UAW Local 72.

Business and industry[edit]

Snap-on Tools world headquarters are located in Kenosha. In decades past, Kenosha also hosted a number of manufacturing firms, among them American Brass (later Outokumpu Copper/Outokumpu American Brass Company), Simmons Bedding Company, the Samuel Lowe publishing firm, Kenosha Full Fashioned Mills, Solar Lamp Company, Jockey International, the MacWhyte Wire Rope Company, Dynamatic, Frost Company, G. LeBlanc, and American Motors Corporation. Most of these facilities have long since been cleared and the real-estate converted into parklands, high-end residential developments, commercial shopping districts, a school campus, or held in land-banking.[citation needed] Kenosha also has a number of light industrial and distribution companies, nearly all located in business parks outside the city.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism has a significant and growing impact on Kenosha's economy. According to the Kenosha Convention and Visitors Bureau, 2006 Kenosha-area tourism expenditures reached a record $222.5 million, which translated into approximately 5,220 full-time-job equivalents. During 2007, the Kenosha-area revenue from tourism rose to a record $224.6 million (or a 5,267 full-time-job equivalency) despite a 1.4% statewide tourism slowdown. Kenosha's tourism activity and revenue is now within the top 20% of all of Wisconsin's 72 counties. Surveys show that most visitors to Kenosha shop at nearby Pleasant Prairie's Prime Outlets strip mall, which contains factory outlets for a diverse mix of retailers, and stay at local hotels and motels, while the city's extensive Lake Michigan beaches and HarborPark facilities attract 36% of all tourists, and 34.1% use the municipal streetcar line.[citation needed]

Kenosha-area tourism saw growth in 2008 despite the national economic downturn, bringing in a record $225.2 million, an increase of $600,000 over 2007 and a 147% increase since 1994. This placed Greater Kenosha in 14th place for tourism among Wisconsin's 72 counties in 2008. This is thought to be because of an increase in nearby, short vacations, or staycations, due to the economic downturn, with Kenosha attracting residents of the nearby Milwaukee and Chicago areas.

The opening of Kenosha's $15 million Civil War Museum in June 2008 was a major tourism-related event. Other attractions include the Dinosaur Discovery Museum, the Kenosha Public Museum, the Longaberger Basket Fest, Mars Cheese Castle and the opening of a holiday-season Jelly Belly retail outlet. The Kenosha History Center houses UAW memorabilia as well as an AMC Pacer.

2009 brought a number of new events to Kenosha, including the inaugural Wisconsin Marathon, which saw nearly 2,000 runners at the Lake Michigan shoreline on May 2. The second annual "A Salute to Freedom" from June 12 to June 14 celebrated the completion of the Civil War Museum, and the TREK Women’s Triathlon Series made its debut on July 12 at Prairie Springs Park.

Real estate and housing[edit]

The number of households in Kenosha County increased by nearly 80% from 1990 to 2005,[26] indicating the community is rapidly expanding to accommodate new businesses and employees in the Kenosha area.

A Kenosha neighborhood

Number of households:

  • 1990: 47,029
  • 2000: 56,057
  • 2005: 58,715

2005 housing statistics:

  • Total housing units: 67,568
  • Owner occupied: 42,197
  • Median value of homes: $167,500
  • Renter occupied: 16,518
  • Median rent paid: $722
  • Rental vacancy rate: 11.1%

In March 2008, the Public Policy Forum reported that Kenosha's real-estate valuations rose by 7.6%, most likely as a result of heavy migration by Chicago professionals who have resettled in Kenosha.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

A Kenosha streetcar

Kenosha has been served by rail service to and from Chicago since May 19, 1855,[27] when the predecessors to the Chicago and North Western Railway, the Milwaukee and Chicago Railway Company (originally the Illinois Parallel Railroad) and the original "Lake Shore Railroad" (later the Green Bay, Milwaukee and Chicago Railway) were officially joined with great ceremony just south of today's 52nd Street. Passenger service began on May 28, 1866, and it continues to the present day.[citation needed]

Kenosha has the only Metra station in Wisconsin, with nine inbound and nine outbound trains each weekday. Passenger ridership on the Kenosha line was up by a slight 0.06% in 2009, while elsewhere on the 11-route Metra system, passenger counts dropped by 5.2 percent. Not all Union Pacific/North Line trains terminate and originate in Kenosha. Most of them terminate at Waukegan, Illinois, to the south of Kenosha.[28]

Since June 2000, a 2-mile (3 km) streetcar line has served the downtown area and HarborPark, connecting the Metra station with downtown and several area parks. Kenosha is one of the smallest cities in America with any type of streetcar system today.[29]

In 2013, the city council authorized expansion of streetcar service in order to connect the city's downtown with other lakeshore areas and public attractions and landmarks.[citation needed]

In addition to a streetcar line, Kenosha has a city bus network that includes eight routes. Kenosha was the first city to color-code transit routes (with the Blue, Green, Red, and Orange Lines), and also the first city to use electric trolley buses in full transit service, both occurring on February 14, 1932.[30]

Kenosha is served by two intercity bus systems. Wisconsin Coach Lines buses stop in front of the city's Metra station, connecting riders to Racine, Milwaukee, and the O'Hare International Airport in western Chicago, and difficult to get to by train.[dubious ] The Western Kenosha County Transit Route 1 stops at Southport Plaza, connecting riders to smaller area towns such as Twin Lakes, Paddock Lake, Bristol, and Salem.[citation needed]

By highway, Kenosha is served mainly by Interstate 94 which connects Chicago with Milwaukee, and thence west to the state capitol, Madison, Wisconsin.[citation needed]

By passenger train, Kenosha is also served by Amtrak's Hiawatha Line service (from the Sturtevant station in Racine County to the north, just 14 miles (23 km) from downtown), with trains between Chicago and Milwaukee seven times daily. The Hiawatha serves commuters from Kenosha who work in either one of these two large cities.[citation needed]

In Kenosha County, numbered streets run east-west and numbered avenues north-south, with street numbering commencing with First Street on Kenosha County's northern border (County Trunk Highway KR) rather than at the city's center. ("Roads" are diagonal thoroughfares, "Courts" are short north-south avenues, and "Places" are short east-west streets.) The downtown area of Kenosha is located between 50th and 60th Streets. Avenue numbers increase as one heads west from the lakefront. This numbering system continues through all of Kenosha County, ending at 408th Avenue to the west at the Kenosha-Walworth County line, while north-south roads end at the Illinois state line at 128th Street.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Kenosha is home to the University of Wisconsin-Parkside with over 5,000 students, Carthage College with over 2,500 students, and Gateway Technical College. Concordia University Wisconsin, Cardinal Stritch University, and National-Louis University all maintain Kenosha branch campuses. In 2009, Herzing University opened its new Kenosha campus.

Public schools[edit]

The Kenosha Unified School District operates 23 public elementary schools, five middle schools, seven charter schools, and six major high schools:[31] Mary D. Bradford High School, George Nelson Tremper High School, Indian Trail High School and Academy, Lakeview Tech Academy, Reuther Central High School and Harborside Academy, the latter a research school that uses the Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound model; it was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.[32] 80% of Kenosha's fourth-graders score 'proficient' and 'advanced' grades on reading tests, according to National Assessment of Educational Progress tests.[33] According to the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Kenosha's 2008 public-school graduation rate of 84.1% was ahead of the national average.[34]

Private schools[edit]

Kenosha also has a number of parochial schools and independent academies, including St. Joseph Catholic Academy (4K- 12), All Saints Catholic School (preschool - 8), Bethany Lutheran School, Friedens Lutheran School, Christ Lutheran Academy, Kenosha Montessori School, Shoreland Lutheran High School, and Christian Life School. At the beginning of the 2011-2012 school year, St. Mary's and Holy Rosary became the two campuses of All Saints Catholic School. Both campuses operate as the same school with the same principal. St. Marks and St. Joseph High School have also done the same, conjoining to become Saint Joseph Catholic Academy. K-6 grades at the lower campus, and 7-12 grades at the upper campus. The Prairie School (PS-12, 700 Student, Independent College Prep School) in nearby Racine enrolls many students from Kenosha. These combinations are due to steep enrollment drops in the recent years. A number of professional schools are also located within the city.

Libraries[edit]

The Kenosha Public Library, which is part of the Kenosha County Library System, operates in four locations throughout the city. Daniel H. Burnham designed the 1900 Beaux-Arts architectured Gilbert M. Simmons Library, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[35]

Health care[edit]

Since 1992 Kenosha has hosted the Michael E. DeBakey Heart Institute of the Kenosha Hospital & Medical Center, established in tribute to DeBakey’s pioneering efforts in cardiovascular surgery.

Media[edit]

The primary newspaper of Kenosha County is the Kenosha News, a broadsheet with circulation of around 23,000 copies. Happenings Magazine is an ad supported entertainment publication distributed at local businesses since 1978, they also publish The Smart Reader, Homes Plus, as well as other seasonal event-orientated magazines.

Kenosha is considered as part of the Milwaukee television market by A.C. Nielsen. Arbitron classifies Kenosha as part of the Chicago radio market. Five major radio stations broadcast from Kenosha: News/Talk/Oldies WLIP (1050 AM), Gateway Technical College's WGTD (91.1 FM), a member station of the Wisconsin Public Radio News & Classical Music Network, rock WIIL (95.1 FM) and classic hits WWDV (96.9 FM), which simulcasts Chicago-based WDRV (97.1 FM). The Kenosha Convention and Visitors Bureau operates WPUR937 (1180 AM), a low-power tourist information station. Most of the AM and FM radio stations from Milwaukee and Chicago can be heard clearly in Kenosha.[36]

WPXE (Channel 55), owned by ION Television, is Kenosha's only locally licensed television station. Its analog transmitter was based in northern Racine County, while the digital tower is in Milwaukee's tower farm site on the north side and the station's studios are just south of suburban Glendale, so it serves the entire Milwaukee television market.

Civic organizations[edit]

There are several Civic Organizations that add to the rich benevolent spirit found in Kenosha. Such organizations contribute resources to various positive causes as well as knit the fabric of the community together:

Navy Club of the U.S.A., Free and Accepted Masons - Lodge 47, Rotary Club International, The Exchange Club, Local VFW and American Legion Posts, Kenosha Women's Club, Kenosha Car Club, Danish Brotherhood Lodge #14.

Culture[edit]

The Kenosha Public Museum.

Kenosha's three downtown museums, the Kenosha Public Museum, the Civil War Museum and the Dinosaur Discovery Museum, are Smithsonian Institution affiliates.

Completed in 2001, the Kenosha Public Museum is located on the Lake Michigan shoreline. Its main exhibit is a prehistoric Woolly Mammoth skeleton uncovered in western Kenosha in 1992. The bones revealed new clues about ancient American history; cut-marks on the bones indicated that the animals were butchered by humans using stone tools. Carbon dating indicated their age to be 12,500 radiocarbon years old or 14,500 calendar years old, one thousand radiocarbon years earlier than the previously-accepted presence of humans in the Americas. The museum also displays other Ice Age and fine-art exhibits.[37]

The Kenosha History Center is within the 1917 City water treatment plant on Simmons Island adjoining the 1866 Kenosha Light Station, and showcases the history of Kenosha from the Indians and the first settlements to the present day. The 1906 Kenosha North Pier Light is also nearby.

Kenosha's 59,000-square-foot (5,500 m2) Civil War Museum opened on June 13, 2008. The main exhibit, "The Fiery Trial", opened September 15, 2008. It is a 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) exhibit offering an interactive experience of the role of six Midwestern states before, during and after the American Civil War.[38]

The Dinosaur Discovery Museum, designated a federal repository, opened in August 2006 in the historic Old Post Office adjoining the 56th Street streetcar line at Tenth Avenue, and includes an on-site paleontology laboratory operated through the Carthage College Institute of Paleontology.[39]

The Kenosha Transit Carhouse at 724 54th Street, which houses Kenosha's historic fleet of PCC streetcars, is occasionally open for guided tours.

Lighthouse overlooking beach on Simmon's Island

A Maritime Museum is being developed within the restored 1866 Southport Light and Lighthouse Keeper's cottage on Simmons Island. A Children's Museum is also planned for the upper two floors of the Orpheum Building on Sixth Avenue at 59th Street, currently occupied by the Heim's Downtown Toy Store and Scoop's Ice Cream. No formal timetable has been provided.

Music[edit]

Summer band performances have existed in Kenosha for over 80 years[citation needed], traditionally put on by the Kenosha American Legion Band (renamed the Kenosha Concert Band in 1963 and now the Kenosha Pops Concert Band.) Since 1988 the concerts have been at Kenosha's Sesquicentennial Bandshell in Pennoyer Park each Wednesday from mid-June to early August.

The Kenosha Lakeshore Youth Philharmonic offers an intensive orchestral experience to middle school and high school musicians.

Kenosha Unified School District offers a touring summer marching band program for students at all school-band-age levels. Continental Band, American Band, and Rambler Band offer opportunities for novice and intermediate musicians whereas the Band of the Black Watch is the jewel of the high school band program, bringing together musicians from all of Kenosha's high schools. These bands perform in various parades and concert events throughout the summer locally within Southern Wisconsin and North Eastern Illinois and the Band of the Black Watch performs on an annual trip to varying locations which have included Disney World and Toronto.

Southeast Wisconsin Performing Arts (SEWPA) sponsors the Opera à la Carte evening concert series featuring middle school, high school and college singers.

The Music of the Stars radio program, heard worldwide, has originated from Kenosha since 1992.

The Kenosha Symphony Orchestra presents concerts in the acoustically correct Reuther Central Auditorium (listed on the National Register of Historic Places) at Walter Reuther Central High School in downtown Kenosha. Film composer and orchestrator Lucien Cailliet, orchestrator for The Ten Commandments, was the KSO conductor until 1960.

Since 2002, the outdoor Peanut Butter and Jam Concert Series[40] has been held every Wednesday in August at Veterans Memorial Park.

Lincoln Park Live! concerts began in 2005 on the Lincoln Park lawns near the Warren Taylor Memorial Gardens.

A number of outdoor jazz events are offered throughout the summer months, most often at Veterans' Memorial Park and the historic Kemper Center.

The Electric Hellfire Club, an industrial metal band, originated in Kenosha in the early 1990s.

Korey Cooper—keys, rhythm guitar, and background vocals for the rock band Skillet—is originally from Kenosha.

Lazarus A.D., a thrash metal who used to be on Metal Blade Records, is from Kenosha and frequently plays shows when in town.

PATH, a death metal band on Crash Music, Inc, is from Kenosha and frequently plays shows in town. And features members from popular metal bands, most notably Jungle Rot, a death metal band on Victory Records formed in Kenosha.

The Pat Crawford Big Band and Jazz Combo appear citywide at various functions.

Recreation[edit]

Parks[edit]

Kenosha is ringed by an emerald necklace of recreational city and county parks, and has eight miles (29 km) of Lake Michigan shoreline frontage, nearly all of which is public. The city has 74 municipal parks, totaling 781.52 acres (3.1627 km2).[41]

Kenosha's Washington Park includes the oldest operating velodrome in the United States (1927) at Washington Bowl. The Kenosha Velodrome Association sponsors American Track Cycling sanctioned races as well as training sessions at the "bowl" throughout the summer. Races are held on Tuesday evenings beginning in mid-May and continuing through August. Free seating is available on the inside of the track, and on important race days concessions are available.

Petrifying Springs Park flanks the Pike River and was developed in the 1930s on the northwestern edge of the city, and is named for its artesian mineral water. Over ten miles (16 km) of trails wind through the wooded park, which also features an 18-hole golf course.

Hawthorn Hollow Nature Sanctuary and Arboretum has three historic buildings and several trails for hiking.

Library Park is home to a statue of Abraham Lincoln by Charles Henry Niehaus as well as a statue called Winged Victory by Daniel Burnham.[42]

Kenosha has been a Tree City USA since 1982.

Golf[edit]

Kenosha has a number of golf courses.[43] Petrifying Springs Golf Course was named the "No. 1 Sporty Course in Wisconsin".[44] The Washington Park Golf Course was dedicated on February 18, 1922, and its 1937 English-cottage clubhouse is a city landmark.[45] Most recently there have been new private courses such as Strawberry Creek, designed by Rick Jacobson.

Cycling[edit]

Kenosha is home to the Food Folks and Spokes criterium racing event, a part of the International Cycling Classic known as "SuperWeek" in which cyclists from all over the world compete in various types of cycling events. Kenosha is home to the Washington Park Velodrome. The Washington Park Velodrome is the longest operating 333 meter track, opening in 1927.

Sport[edit]

The city was the home town of the Kenosha Cardinals, a semi pro football team between 1937 and 1941[46] who played at Lake Front Stadium which was located at the intersection of 58th Street and Third Avenue.

The Kenosha Kingfish, a team in the Northwoods League, played their first game at historic Simmons Field on May 31, 2014 in front of a sold out crowd of 3,218 fans.[47]

Notable Kenoshans[edit]

On June 7, 1990 a Chicago Tribune feature article ("The Kenosha Connection") marveled at the large number of Kenoshans in the arts and sciences.[48]

Rankings[edit]

Kenosha has received high rankings in several "Best-of" national surveys of American communities in recent years.

  • In 2005 Money listed Kenosha as 94th on its list of "Best Places to Live".[49]
  • The April 1997 Readers Digest ranked Kenosha second in its list of "Best Places to Raise a Family"[50]
  • Worldwide ERC rated Kenosha among the "Best Cities for Relocating Families" in the 500,000 to 250,000 metro population category.[51]
  • In 2005, the Milken Institute rated Kenosha 86th among the largest 200 metro areas in the United States in its "Best Performing Cities" list[52]
  • In May 2006, Inc. Magazine ranked Kenosha #45 on its "Hottest Midsize Cities" list.[53]

Sister cities[edit]

Kenosha's four sister cities are:

Neighborhoods of Kenosha[edit]

Past neighborhoods
Current neighborhoods
  • Airport Corridor
  • Allendale
  • Downtown
  • Forest Park
  • Indian Trail
  • Isetts
  • Lance
  • North Side
  • Red Arrow
  • Southport
  • Southside
  • Sunnyside
  • Stocker
  • Uptown
  • Whitecaps

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Kenosha (2010), 'Mayor/Administration', accessed October 22nd from http://www.kenosha.org/mayor/index.html
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ "United States Census Bureau". Census.gov. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  9. ^ "Census Quick Facts". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Historical Decennial Census". http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/hiscendata.html. 
  12. ^ Wasion, David. "The Mammoth Hunter: David Wasion's Quest for Pre-Clovis People in North America" The Citizen Scientist, 11 February 2005
  13. ^ Falk, Terrence. "Bones to Pick" Milwaukee Magazine, April 2004
  14. ^ "Ancestry.com - Genealogy and Family History Records". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. 2001-04-22. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  15. ^ "Origin of the name". Wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  16. ^ City’s auto history reaches back more than 100 years[dead link]
  17. ^ "Kenosha Unified School District". Nash.kusd.edu. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  18. ^ "Harbor Park: a brief history". Kenoshakorner.com. 2008-08-11. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  19. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  20. ^ John M. Antaramian biographical note, National Brownfield Association[dead link]
  21. ^ "Outgoing Kenosha mayor to receive real estate partnership award.". Biztimes.com. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  22. ^ "Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members". 
  23. ^ "Kenosha County, WI - Home". Co.kenosha.wi.us. 2011-06-30. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  24. ^ Newgeography.com (2009-11-18). "North America’s High Tech Economy: The Geography of Knowledge-Based Industries". Newgeography.com. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  25. ^ [1].
  26. ^ ascedia.com. "Kenosha Area Business Alliance". Kaba.org. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  27. ^ "Bands of iron". Jsonline.com. 2007-02-04. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  28. ^ "Metrarail". Metrarail. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  29. ^ Diners, drive-in theater, streetcars and a tiki bar: Wisconsin city offers charm aplenty just 50 miles from Chicago[dead link]
  30. ^ Canfield, Joseph M. TM: The Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Company, CERA Bulletin 112. Chicago: Central Electric Railfans' Assoc., 1972
  31. ^ "Kenosha Unified School District No. 1". Kusd.edu. 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  32. ^ "Harborside Academy". Harborside.kusd.edu. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  33. ^ http://www.realtykenosha.com/school/
  34. ^ Kunich, Gary J. (June 3, 2009). "Unified mirrors classroom diversity trends". Kenosha News. 
  35. ^ Simmons Library, from the Kenosha Public Library
  36. ^ "Radio Stations in Kenosha, Wisconsin". Radio-locator.com. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  37. ^ "Kenosha Public Museum website". Kenosha.org. 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  38. ^ "Hearts Touched by Fire: Museum of the Civil War" Published by the Kenosha Public Museum
  39. ^ Gutsche, Robert Jr. "As Racine's Heritage Museum faces closure, Kenosha is a museum boomtown" The Journal Times, October 27, 2005.
  40. ^ happeningsmag.com-Tiny Content
  41. ^ "City of Kenosha website: Parks Department". Kenosha.org. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  42. ^ [2][dead link]
  43. ^ Kenosha County, WI Kenosha County golf courses
  44. ^ D'Amato, Gary. "Picking gems from experience". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, March 16, 2002
  45. ^ Washington Park Golf Course on the City of Kenosha website
  46. ^ Kenosha Cardinals; Life on the Fringe
  47. ^ [3]
  48. ^ "The Kenosha Connection" Chicago Tribune, 7 June 1990
  49. ^ Money, "Best Places to Live 2005", accessed May 8, 2006
  50. ^ "The Best Places to Raise a Family" Reader's Digest, April 1997, page 74.
  51. ^ Worldwide ERC and Primacy Relocation "Best Cities for Relocating Families"
  52. ^ Milken Institute. "2005 Best Performing Cities - 200 Largest Metros"
  53. ^ Kotkin, Joel and Michael A. Shires. "Boomtowns '06: Hottest Midsize Cities". Inc. Magazine May 2006
  54. ^ a b c d "City of Kenosha website". Kenosha.org. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dudley, Kathryn Marie (1994). The End of the Line: Lost Jobs, New Lives in Postindustrial America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-16908-1. 

External links[edit]