Kenosha Light

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Kenosha (Southport) Light
Kenosha.jpg
Kenosha (Southport) lighthouse (NRHP)
Kenosha Light is located in Wisconsin
Kenosha Light
Location Simmons Island, Kenosha, Wisconsin
Coordinates 42°35′22″N 87°48′57″W / 42.58944°N 87.81583°W / 42.58944; -87.81583Coordinates: 42°35′22″N 87°48′57″W / 42.58944°N 87.81583°W / 42.58944; -87.81583
Year first constructed 1866
Year first lit 1866
Automated 1996
Deactivated 1906-1996
Foundation Stone
Construction Milwaukee "Cream City brick" w/Mortar coat[1]
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern natural, green lantern
Height 55 feet (17 m)
Focal height 76 feet (23 m)[2]
Original lens Fourth order Fresnel lens
Current lens 12 inches (300 mm) Tideland Signal ML-300 acrylic plastic lens
ARLHS number USA-912
USCG number
Kenosha Light Station
Location 5117 Fourth Ave., Kenosha, Wisconsin
Area less than one acre
Architectural style Greek Revival
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 90000995[3]
Added to NRHP June 28, 1990

Kenosha Light (also called Southport Light) is a lighthouse located near Kenosha in Kenosha County, Wisconsin, USA.

History[edit]

Tower

Also known as the "Old Kenosha Light", it was replaced by the Kenosha North Pier Light in 1906.[4] The keeper's house continued to be used for many years, however.[5]

The light is listed in the National Register of Historic Places as the Kenosha Light Station, Reference #90000995. It has been an active aid to navigation since 1996, but is not listed in Volume VII United States Coast Guard light list. The lantern room was removed in 1913 but replicated in 1994. The Fresnel Lens was replaced by a 300 mm Tidaland Signal plastic lens – a medium range lens commonly used on the Great Lakes.[6]

A historical marker in front of the lighthouse reads:

Built by the federal government in 1866, the Kenosha Lighthouse replaces two other lighthouses constructed at this site in 1848? and 1858?. Originally designated a coast and harbor light for Southport, now Kenosha, Wisconsin provided the first navigational illumination a mariner would see upon entering Wisconsin from the Chicago area. Standing 55 feet (17 m) tall and situated on a hill, the lighthouse projected light from 74 feet (23 m) above lake level. The tower is built of yellow Milwaukee Cream City brick and is conical in shape. Originally the lighthouse contained a fourth order Fresnel lens fueled by kerosene with a fixed?-white light which varied by flashes. Officially discontinued in 1906, the lantern room was later removed and replaced by a 25-foot (7.6 m) tripod mast for displaying storm warning flags and lights. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1990, the lighthouse has been restored and holds an automated electric light. (1996)[7]

Current status and directions[edit]

The building is currently maintained by the City of Kenosha and the Kenosha County Historical Society. It is also on the State List/Inventory, having been listed in 1975.[8]

The keeper's house is open to the public on Saturdays and Sundays during the tourist season, although it is currently under renovation (see the Kenosha History Center website, below, for further information). The tower is open for climbers many weekends of the summer.[9]

The lighthouse can be seen from the street. In Kenosha on 50th Street and 4th Avenue, just cross the bridge to Simmons Island, around the curve onto Lighthouse Drive.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specialized Additional reading[edit]

External links[edit]

2006 photo of Kenosha Southport Lighthouse after renovations