Some Okinawan martial arts groups use the term kenpō as an alternate name for their Karate systems or for a distinct but related art within their association. This can be illustrated by the International Shorin-Ryu Karate Kobudo Federation (http://www.worldbudokan.com), where Shōrin-ryū is the actual karate style practiced, whereas "hakutsuru kenpo", or "hakutsuru kenpo karate" is a related but distinctive style also taught by the association. Both the "n" and "m" romanizations are used by various groups.
The form of martial art developed and taught by Mitose and Chow also includes Kajukenbo, an art that does not use the kenpō name itself, but which possesses recognized offshoots that do. These arts have spread around the world through multiple lineages, not all of which agree on a common historical narrative. The system of Kenpo taught by founder James Mitose employed hard linear strikes and kicks, pressure point manipulation, circular movement patterns, and joint locking and breaking.
Ed Parker is the most prominent name in the Mitose lineage. A student of William Chow in Hawaii for nearly six months, Ed Parker moved to the US mainland to attend Brigham Young University. In 1957, he began teaching the Kenpo Karate that he had learned from Chow, and throughout his life modified and refined the art until it became Ed Parker's American Kenpo. It employs a blend of Chinese circular movements and hard linear movements, which come together seamlessly to form an effective self-defense system. Parker created techniques with names such as Thundering Hammers, Five Swords, Prance Of The Tiger, and Flashing Mace to provide a memorization tool to the student.