Kent (mango)

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Kent mangoes at the Redland Summer Fruit Festival, Fruit and Spice Park, Homestead, Florida.

The 'Kent' mango is a named mango cultivar that originated in south Florida.

History[edit]

The original tree, a seedling of the Brooks cultivar started in September 1932, was planted on January 1, 1933 on the property of Leith D. Kent in Coconut Grove, Florida.[1] 'Kent' was reportedly a cross between 'Brooks' and 'Haden', which a 2005 pedigree analysis supported.[2] The tree first bore fruit in 1938. It was selected, named, and described in 1945. 'Kent' quickly rose in popularity in Florida for its excellent taste and lack of fiber. The tree was susceptible to anthracnose, however, and the fruit's poor shelf life limited its commercial scale in Florida.

'Kent' is grown on a limited commercial scale outside of the United States, particularly in Latin America. Today it is still widely grown as a nursery stock tree for home growing in Florida, where it remains popular. 'Kent' is a parent of several other Florida mangoes, including 'Young' and possibly 'Gold Nugget' and 'Jakarta'.

'Kent' trees are planted in the collections of the USDA's germplasm repository in Miami, Florida,[3] the University of Florida's Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead, Florida,[4] and the Miami-Dade Fruit and Spice Park,[5] also in Homestead. The original tree still stands in Coconut Grove.

In France 'Kent' is the main imported cultivar,[6] with imports coming mainly from South America and Africa.

Description[edit]

Fruit hanging from the original 'Kent' mango tree in Coconut Grove, Florida

The tree is a vigorous grower, with a compact canopy and an upright growth habit.[7] It can get quite tall (in excess of 30 feet) if allowed to do so. 'Kent' trees generally produce a large crop.

The fruit typically weighs 20 to 26 ounces, is of oval shape, and has a rich, sweet flavor. It will usually turn a greenish-yellow color with some red blush as it matures. The seed is monoembryonic and will have a tendency to spout in the fruit if left on the tree too long when ripening. The fruit typically matures from July to August in Florida,[8] sometimes into September.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=0ysyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=w-cFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2450,1904249&dq=kent+mango&hl=en
  2. ^ http://www.crec.ifas.ufl.edu/academics/faculty/burns/pdf/192-197.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/acc/display.pl?1614028 USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
  4. ^ http://trec.ifas.ufl.edu/crane/pdfs/TREC-Fruit-Collections.pdf Page 4, #55
  5. ^ http://fruitandspicepark.org/friends/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=43&Itemid=29
  6. ^ [1] Source of Sept 2009 consulted on 21/10/2011
  7. ^ Campbell, Richard J. (1992). A Guide to Mangos in Florida. Fairchild Tropical Garden. p. 95. ISBN 0-9632264-0-1. 
  8. ^ http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg216 Table 1
  9. ^ http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/mango_ars.html

External links[edit]