Kent County, Texas

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Kent County, Texas
Kent County Courthouse.jpg
Kent County Courthouse in Jayton
Map of Texas highlighting Kent County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1876
Named for Andrew Kent
Seat Jayton
Largest city Jayton
Area
 • Total 903 sq mi (2,339 km2)
 • Land 902 sq mi (2,336 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1 km2), 0.05%
Population
 • (2010) 808
 • Density 1/sq mi (0/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kent.tx.us

Kent County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 808.[1] Its county seat is Jayton.[2] The county is named for Andrew Kent, who died at the Battle of the Alamo. Kent County is one of 30[3] prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Kent County in the Texas House of Representatives.[4]

History timeline[edit]

  • 8000 BC Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants. Later native American inhabitants included the Wanderers band of Comanche.[5]
  • 1872 Ranald S. Mackenzie and his soldiers trounced the Comanches at Treasure Butte, southeast of Clairemont.[5]
  • 1876 The Texas legislature formed Kent County from Young and Bexar districts. The new county is named after Alamo defender Andrew Kent.[5]
  • 1888 Cattleman R. L. Rhomberg settled in the new county and named a settlement Clairemont for his daughter, Claire.[6]
  • 1890 The county census recorded 324 residents.[5]
  • 1891 A conflict arose between cattle ranchers and farmers who tried to fence their farms against cattle.[5]
  • 1892 Kent County was organized, with Clairemont as the county seat.[7]
  • 1900 The county population was 899.[5]
  • 1909 The Stamford and Northeastern Railway built a line across the county's northeast corner. The railroad, which connected Stamford and Spur, later became part of the Wichita Valley Railroad. The Jayton community was founded.[8]
  • 1930 The county's population peaked at 3,851.[5]
  • 1946-1991 Oil was discovered in Kent County in 1946. By 1991, more than 448,448,000 barrels (71,297,500 m3) of oil have been produced in the county since 1946.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902.9 square miles (2,338.5 km2), of which 902.5 square miles (2,337.5 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.05%) is covered by water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 92
1890 324 252.2%
1900 899 177.5%
1910 2,655 195.3%
1920 3,335 25.6%
1930 3,851 15.5%
1940 3,413 −11.4%
1950 2,249 −34.1%
1960 1,727 −23.2%
1970 1,434 −17.0%
1980 1,145 −20.2%
1990 1,010 −11.8%
2000 859 −15.0%
2010 808 −5.9%
Est. 2013 807 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1850-2010[11]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, 859 people, 353 households, and 247 families resided in the county. The population density was less than 1/km² (1/sq mi). There were 551 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.46% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 3.73% from other races, and 0.23% from two or more races. About 9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 353 households, 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were not families. About 28% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was distributed as 20.60% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 21.80% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 25.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,433, and for a family was $35,568. Males had a median income of $23,875 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,626. About 9.20% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Wet/Dry Status of Texas Counties as of November 2010". Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Hunt, William R. "Kent County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Davis, Charles G. "Clairmont". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "Clairemont, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Davis, Charles G. "Jayton, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  11. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 18, 2013
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°11′N 100°46′W / 33.19°N 100.77°W / 33.19; -100.77