Kent Hovind

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Kent Hovind
Kent Hovind mug shot.jpg
Born Kent E. Hovind
(1953-01-15) January 15, 1953 (age 61)
USA
Residence Currently incarcerated at the Santa Rosa County Jail, Florida
Occupation Evangelist, Christian theme park operator
Known for Advocate of Young Earth creationism, convicted of tax-related crimes
Religion Independent Baptist[1]
Spouse(s) Jo Delia Hovind
Children Kent Andrew Hovind
Eric Hovind
Marlissa Dublin

Kent E. Hovind (born January 15, 1953) is an American young Earth creationist and conspiracy theorist. Hovind has spoken on creation science and has aimed to convince listeners to reject scientific theories of evolution, geophysics, and cosmology in favor of his interpretation of the Genesis creation narrative from the Bible. Hovind's views are contradicted by scientific evidence and some of his ideas have also been criticized by young Earth creationist organizations such as Answers in Genesis.

Hovind established Creation Science Evangelism in 1991, and frequently spoke on young Earth creationism at seminars at private schools and churches, debates, and on radio and television broadcasts. Since January 2007, Hovind has been serving a ten-year prison sentence after being convicted of 58 federal counts, including 12 tax offenses, one count of obstructing federal agents, and 45 counts of structuring cash transactions. He is incarcerated at the United States Penitentiary, Atlanta.

Biography[edit]

On February 9, 1969, at the age of 16, Hovind became a born-again Christian.[2] In 1971, he graduated from East Peoria Community High School. He holds four degrees in Christian education and Christian ministry (1974, 1988, 1991, 2013) from unaccredited institutions. In 1989, he moved to Pensacola, Florida[3] with his wife. Hovind has three adult children and five grandchildren. Since 1999, one of his sons, Eric Hovind, travels doing creationist presentations using his father's arguments and seminars.[4][5]

Between 1975 and 1988, Hovind served as an assistant pastor and teacher at three private Baptist schools, including one he started.[2] In 1991, Hovind started Creation Science Evangelism.[6] In 1998, Hovind created his Dr. Dino web site and began producing articles and selling video tapes, books, and fossil replicas, which in 2003 alone merchandise sales earned Hovind $1,657,329 in income.[7] Prior to his convictions, Hovind spoke at churches, private schools, and other venues each year. Hovind also hosted a daily internet radio talk show and has established Dinosaur Adventure Land in Pensacola, Florida.

Education[edit]

In 1971, he graduated from East Peoria Community High School in East Peoria, Illinois. From 1972 to 1974, Hovind attended the non-accredited Midwestern Baptist College and received a Bachelor of Religious Education.[2]

Patriot University

In 1988 and 1991 respectively, Hovind was awarded a master's degree and doctorate in Christian Education through correspondence from the non-accredited Patriot University in Colorado Springs, Colorado (now Patriot Bible University in Del Norte, Colorado, which no longer offers this program).[8] Having a website called "Dr. Dino" has provoked some academics to look closely at how Hovind presents his education and credentials. Barbara Forrest, a professor of philosophy, expert on the history of creationism and activist in the creation-evolution controversy, wrote that Hovind's lack of academic training makes it impossible to engage him on a professional level.[9]

Patriot Bible University is a diploma mill, as it has unreasonably low graduation requirements, lack of sufficient faculty or educational standards, and a suspicious tuition scheme.[10][11] The school's current policies allow students to attain bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and Doctor of Ministry degrees in months, rather than years, for as little as $37 per credit.[12][13]

Bartelt has stated that Hovind's doctoral dissertation is evidence of the poor requirements at Patriot and that Hovind lacks knowledge of basic science.[14] She noted that Hovind's dissertation is incomplete (it contains four chapters totaling 101 pages, but Hovind's introduction claims the work is 250 pages with 16 chapters), of low academic quality, with poor writing, poor spelling, and poor grammatical style. Bartelt asserts that pages are repeated, references are absent, and it is not an original work with original ideas.[14]

In the past, when questioned about his education and qualifications, Hovind has said his critics use ad hominem arguments,[8] and Patriot has issued similar comments.[15] In 2010, Patriot responded to Wikileaks' claim to have revealed Hovind's dissertation, writing that the Wikileaks file was not the "finished" product, but because they do not "retain ownership to student thesis’ [sic] or dissertations, as is commonly practiced by many schools", they "cannot release student work to the public".[16] Patriot will not send copies of Hovind's doctoral dissertation, which is unusual for an institution to do since dissertations are made available to the public.[14] As a general rule, doctoral dissertations are published by the associated university and made available to the public, so that other students conducting research in similar areas may use the information in the dissertation as a reference.[14] Bartelt wrote that the copy she viewed is on file at the National Center for Science Education (NCSE), but the organization cannot distribute it due to copyright restrictions.[14] The NCSE's copy was received from Skip Evans, who obtained Hovind's dissertation from Patriot with Hovind's permission in March 1999.[14]

Creation Science Evangelism and Creation Today[edit]

According to Kent Hovind, he started Creation Science Evangelism (CSE) in 1991[6] (later he said it was created in 1989[2][17]) to evangelize people by teaching them creationism. During his 2006 criminal trial, the federal government said the organization does not have the proper licensing nor is it registered as a nonprofit, which resulted in legal troubles mentioned below. In May 1999, Eric Hovind, Kent Hovind's son, joined Creation Science Evangelism and his daughter, Marlissa, was training to become Kent Hovind's secretary.[5] Then in January 2007, Kent Hovind was sentenced to ten years in prison following his 58 felony convictions and Eric Hovind announced that he would run Creation Science Evangelism due to his father's incarceration.[18] After finishing high school at Pensacola Christian Academy in 1996,[19] Eric Hovind attended Jackson Hole Bible College[20] a one-year[21] non-accredited institution,[22][23] despite Kent Hovind's objections to Jackson Hole's Gap creationism and Day-age creationism teaching.[24] In November 2007, Eric Hovind, on behalf of God Quest Inc., filed to do business under the trade name Creation Science Evangelism with Florida.[25] Just months earlier, in July 2007 God Quest Inc. was incorporated by Eric Hovind (listed as president), Scott Porter (listed as treasurer), Bill Nadolny, and Stephen Lawwell.[26] Additionally, in 2010 Eric Hovind and Chad Hovind registered Godonomics LLC in the State of Florida.[27]

In February 2008, Eric Hovind signed a letter on behalf of God Quest Ministries for the Florida Family Policy Council to the Florida Board of Education opposing the statement: "Evolution is the fundamental concept underlying all of biology and is supported by multiple forms of scientific evidence."[28] In June 2008, Eric announced that the CSE website would incorporate the CSE blog and change format allowing for "only positive comments" about Hovind and CSE.[29] During the 2008 election, CSE issued political articles for evangelical voters and linked to material by David Barton.[30]

In March 2012, the federal government sued Creation Science Evangelism asking the court to declare, as null and void, certain liens putatively placed by Hovind's organizations on property seized by the federal government for taxes.[31] In June, the court found in favor of the government.[31] In May 2013, Hovind filed several lis pendens' asking they be "recorded" as liens claiming that the property is "presently being the subject of a forfeiture action in violation of Kent E Hovind's due process rights under the 4th and 14th Amendment to the Federal Constitution."[32] In October 2013, a federal judge ruled "the court finds that the lis pendens are null and void ab initio" and "To ensure that the lis pendens' nullity is recognized, the court shall require plaintiff to file this Order in the public records of Escambia County, Florida."[33]

Subsequently in late 2011, Creation Science Evangelism's DrDino.com website was redirected to CreationToday.org, which was described by Kyle Winkler, in CSE's newsletter, as part of "a new brand name" and "transition" to a new website.[34][35] The new website announced "Creation Today is a ministry of God Quest, Inc." with focus on "creation, apologetics and evangelism."[36]

Dinosaur Adventure Land[edit]

Entrance to the park

In 2001, Hovind started Dinosaur Adventure Land, a young Earth creationist theme park located behind Hovind's home in Pensacola, Florida. The park depicts humans and dinosaurs co-existing in the last 4,000–6,000 years and also contains a depiction of the Loch Ness monster.[37] Dinosaurs are central to Hovind's website and creation advocacy because "the creation world view says dinosaurs have always lived with man and there might still be a few alive today."[38] A 2004 Skeptical Inquirer article explored visiting Hovind's dinosaur theme park and concluded that the park is "deceptive on many levels".[39] The Southern Poverty Law Center noted the park also "claims that a few small dinosaurs still roam the planet."[40] George Allan Alderman wrote it was "essentially a playground with a few exhibits, several fiberglass dinosaurs, a climbing wall, and a couple of buildings."[41] He said it can be "summed [up] in a word: shabby. The dinosaurs looked shabby, the displays were shabby, the attractions and activities were shabby, and above all the ideas were shabby."[41]

The venture has encountered legal issues, as the owners failed to acquire a building permit for the park (see below). In 2008 Eric Hovind and Glen Stoll attempted to prevent the forfeitures of Hovind's ten properties, including Dinosaur Adventure Land, in connection with Kent Hovind's federal tax problems.[42] The government sought the property, deeded to Stoll and Eric prior to Hovind's convictions, since cash that Hovind withdrew from his bank accounts cannot be recovered. In July 2009, the courts ruled that the properties could be seized and sold to satisfy Hovind's federal tax debts.[43] On August 24, 2009, Dinosaur Adventure Land's website announced it was "closed until further notice".[44] In November 2010, CSE announced the "re-opening" of the "Creation Store" in central Pensacola".[45]

Earnings and assets[edit]

Property on Dinosaur Adventure Land

According to the IRS, Hovind reportedly earned $50,000 a year through speaking engagements and, in 2002 alone, CSE sold more than $1.8 million in merchandise.[46] Also, Hovind's theme park and merchandise sales earned more than US$5 million from 1999 to March 2004.[47] On average, they say, Hovind "has made deposits to bank accounts well in excess of $1 million per year."[48] Eventually that grew to about $2 million a year.[49][50] About half that income went to employees who were salaried or were paid hourly wages. However, Hovind derived "substantial revenue" from these activities that appeared to be "income to [him] personally."[51]

Prior to his prison term, Kent Hovind also owned at least 10 properties, including DAL.[52] As of 2009, the government is seizing the property for money owed,[53] but in a court filing, Eric Hovind said that he owned one of the properties and "took active control over the lot by personally building a home on it with $70,000 he borrowed from CSE."[54] The court accepted Eric's ownership due to improvements made on the property and allowed Eric to keep that property, but is allowing the government to seize the other nine properties.[54] In 2013, Kent Hovind filed liens on the property seized, but a federal judge dismissed Hovind's filings finding that the property is owned by the United States government for money owed and rejected Hovind's claims that the court's orders do not "have application" to.[55] In addition, the government is asking for a "show of cause" from Hovind to explain why he should not be found in contempt of court for the false filings.[55] Also in 2013, Eric Hovind's Creation Today was deeded two homes on Oleander Street in Pensacola by the estate of Samuel Bowen for $10.[56]

Creationism[edit]

Young earth creationism[edit]

Hovind summarizes his version of young Earth creationism in the self-titled "Hovind Theory" taken from a variety of creationist sources.[57][58] The "Hovind Theory" was presented at Hovind's lectures and in his work "Unmasking the False Religion of Evolution".[58] Hovind explained the Biblical account of Noah as follows: Noah's family and two of every "kind" of animal (including young dinosaurs)[59] safely boarded the Ark before a −300 °F (−184 °C) ice meteor came flying toward the Earth and broke up in space. Some of the meteor fragments became rings and others caused the impact craters on the moon and some of the planets. The remaining ice fragments fell to the North and South Poles of the Earth, concentrated towards those regions by the Earth's magnetic field.

He explains the fossils were created by billions of organisms that were washed together by the mass destruction of the worldwide flood, buried, and fossilized.[60]

The resulting "super-cold snow" fell near the poles, burying the mammoths standing up.[58] Ice on the North and South Poles cracked the crust of the Earth, releasing the fountains of the deep, which in turn caused certain ice age effects, namely the glacier effects. This made the Earth "wobble around" and collapsed the vapor canopy that protected it.

During the first few months of the flood, the dead animals and plants were buried, and became oil and coal, respectively. The last few months of the flood included geological instability, when the plates shifted. This period saw the formation of both ocean basins and mountain ranges, and the resulting water run-off caused incredible erosion – Hovind states that the Grand Canyon was formed in a couple of weeks during this time.[61] After a few hundred years, the ice caps slowly melted back, retreating to their current size, and the ocean levels increased, creating the continental shelves. The deeper oceans absorbed much of the carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere and thus allowed greater amounts of radiation to reach the Earth's surface. As a result, human lifespans were shortened considerably in the days of Peleg.

The level of support for evolution is essentially universal within the scientific community and academia,[62] while support for creationism is minimal among scientists in general, and virtually nonexistent among those in the relevant fields: biology, paleontology, geology, etc.[63]

About the Hovind theory in particular:

  • Karen Bartelt, a chemist, commented that Hovind's "message appeals to those who are unaware that his 'evidence' is without merit."[64]
  • Furthermore, the plausibility of the Hovind Theory has been criticized by both scientists and other young Earth creationists.[65][66][67]

Hovind's ideas have been published in the controversial Chick Tracts, comic strips intended to convert people to fundamentalist Christianity.[68][69]

Criticism from creationists[edit]

Hovind has been criticized by other creationists, including young Earth creationists and old Earth creationists, who believe that many of his arguments are invalid and, consequently, undermine their causes. Disagreements over how to respond to Hovind's claims have themselves contributed to acrimony between creationist organizations. The Australian and U.S. arms of Answers in Genesis (AiG) were critical of Hovind[70] after he had criticized[71] a position document from Creation Ministries International, "Arguments we think creationists should NOT use".[72] In particular AiG criticized Hovind for "persistently us[ing] discredited or false arguments"[73] and said Hovind's claims are "self-refuting".[74]

The U.S. arm of AiG, led by Ken Ham, had an acrimonious split with its Australian parent in 2005. The Australian organization then split itself entirely off from its parent group, now styling itself Creation Ministries International. Material critical of Hovind was no longer available on the U.S. Answers In Genesis website, whereas the Australian CMI website retained the critical material.[75] In the 2002 article and a 2006 update, written by Carl Wieland and Jonathan Sarfati stated that the claims made by Hovind are "fraudulent" and contain "mistakes in facts and logic which do the creationist cause no good."[70][76] CMI also criticized Hovind for using "fraudulent claims" made by Ron Wyatt in his claims.[70] In August 2009, the Australian CMI website has since published an article praising Creation Science Evangelism for removing some faulty arguments, but decided against deleting its article altogether because "there are lots of 'free-to-copy' DVDs of Kent Hovind’s old talks circulating widely around the world and it will be some time before they disappear from circulation.[76]

Creationist astronomer Hugh Ross, of Reasons To Believe, debated Hovind on the age of the Earth during the John Ankerberg Show, televised nationally on the Inspiration Network in September through October 2000.[77][78] Ross said Hovind was "misrepresenting the field" of different sciences,[79] and Ross told Hovind: "Astronomers view the credibility of the 'Young Earth' as being much weaker than that for a flat Earth."[80] Hovind and Ross previously debated in July 1999 on the Steve Brown Show.[81]

Hovind has stated that carbon dating – a method used by scientists to estimate the age of various objects and events – is unreliable.[82] He has been criticized by Greg Neyman of Answers in Creation (an old Earth creationist group), who says that in Hovind's statements "Hovind goes on to show that he knows absolutely nothing about the science of Carbon Dating."[83] Neyman says that Hovind's claim that "scientists assume the amount of carbon-14 is constant" is wrong, and Neyman writes "there are many periods of decreasing C-14, which disproves his theory that the Earth is young based on C-14 equilibrium."[83]

Criticism from non-creationists[edit]

Prior to his convictions, Hovind debated atheists, non-YEC Christians, skeptics, and scientists. In May 2004, Michael Shermer debated Hovind in front of a predominantly creationist audience. In Shermer's online reflection, while claiming he won the debate with intellectual and scientific evidence, he felt it was "not an intellectual exercise," but rather it was "an emotional drama."[84] While receiving positive responses from creationist observers, Shermer concluded "Unless there is a subject that is truly debatable with a format that is fair, in a forum that is balanced, it only serves to belittle both the magisterium of science and the magisterium of religion."[84] Others, like evolutionary biologist Massimo Pigliucci, have debated Hovind, and have expressed surprise at Hovind's ignorance of evolutionary theory.[85] Pigliucci indicated surprise at hearing Hovind try "to convince the audience that evolutionists believe humans came from rocks" and at Hovind's assertion that biologists believe humans "evolved from bananas."[85] In addition, William Reville, Biochemist and Director of Microscopy at University College Cork, wrote about Hovind, explaining "Creation science is not science. Science is based on ideas that are testable. What the creationists believe is not rational, but it cannot be disproved."[86]

Hovind was criticized for his involvement with Arkansas state Representative Jim Holt's Anti-Evolution Bill in 2001 (House Bill 2548).[87][88] This bill "would have required that when public schools refer to evolution that it be identified as an unproven theory." Some politicians claimed this bill "would have made Arkansas a laughingstock."[89] Holt called upon Hovind as an expert who "testified for Holt before the State Agencies and Governmental Affairs Committee, alleging much of the information pertaining to evolution in our science textbooks is false."[87] As for the legislation, "Holt admitted much of the information in his bill came from Jonathan Wells' Icons of Evolution."[87]

Critics charge that Kent Hovind's presentations on creation and evolution are a mix of Christian Fundamentalism and conspiracy theories.[84] The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) has criticized Hovind because of his selling of books such as Des Griffin's Fourth Reich of the Rich and Peter Kershaw's In Caesar's Grip, and recommending The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a well-known antisemitic hoax.[90] The SPLC reported that Hovind accuses Darwinism of having produced "Communism, Socialism, Nazism, abortion, liberalism and the New Age Movement."[90] It also quotes Hovind as claiming that "democracy is evil and contrary to God's law."[90] In response to criticism, Hovind has stated: "I love the Jews. But The Protocols of Zion [sic] was written to explain how to control the world, I mean, it lays it all out. But it’s really carefully done so that if it is ever discovered the Jews take the blame for it."[61]

The SPLC also criticized Hovind for "point[ing] his followers to Citizens Rule Book, popular among antigovernment "Patriots"; Media Bypass, an antigovernment magazine with strong antisemitic leanings"; and books by tax protester Irwin Schiff"[91] (Schiff has since been convicted and sentenced to 13 years in prison).

While Kent Hovind is in prison, Eric has continued operating CSE and has received criticism for errors in his claims. Biologist PZ Myers criticized Eric and CSE employee Jonathon Sampson for their comments on cephalopods, writing "We do have explanations of cephalopod evolution" and "they lack the intelligence to grasp it."[92] In his criticism, Myers criticized Hovind for failing to look up the evolutionary scholarship on cephalopods and linked to his blog article on cephalopod evolution.[92][93]

$250,000 offer[edit]

According to Hovind, he offered $10,000 in 1990[94] and later raised the amount to $250,000 for:[95]

I have a standing offer of $250,000 to anyone who can give any empirical evidence (scientific proof) for evolution.* My $250,000 offer demonstrates that the hypothesis of evolution is nothing more than a religious belief.[95]
*NOTE: When I use the word evolution, I am not referring to the minor variations found in all of the various life forms (microevolution). I am referring to the general theory of evolution which believes these five major events took place without God:

1. Time, space, and matter came into existence by themselves.
2. Planets and stars formed from space dust.
3. Matter created life by itself.
4. Early life-forms learned to reproduce themselves.
5. Major changes occurred between these diverse life forms (i.e., fish changed to amphibians, amphibians changed to reptiles, and reptiles changed to birds or mammals).

Since Kent Hovind's 2007 prison sentence, Creation Science Evangelism has removed the offer from its website without explanation and describes the "five events" simply as "tenets of evolution."[96]

Critics view this offer to be spurious because of the conditions which Hovind imposes. The 'theory of evolution' as defined by Hovind covers not only the process of evolution but also abiogenesis, astrophysics, and cosmology.[97] Also, unlike Hovind, scientists in the field of evolutionary biology do not distinguish between micro- and macro-evolution as distinct processes, instead contending that evolution takes place as microevolution, and that macroevolution is cumulative microevolution.[98]

Critics argue that the offer is merely a publicity stunt designed to be impossible to win because it requires the claimant to disprove all possible theories for the origin of species, no matter how ridiculous.[97] His FAQ states that claimants must "prove beyond reasonable doubt that the process of evolution ... is the only possible way the observed phenomena could have come into existence."[95]

Hovind has said a panel of judges would decide if a claim had met his criteria, but he has refused to say who would be (or is) on that panel, or what their qualifications might be. Challengers who have submitted claims to Hovind say they have become convinced that he does not actually use a panel of judges, in spite of his promise to do so.[99] In one case, after twice stating that he would send a particular response to his judges (according to his website any responses he sent were considered "legitimate"[95]), Hovind stated, "Thanks for reminding me about not sending minor changes to the committee. This would be a waste of time for everyone involved. If you ever get any evidence that does support evolution please send it to me". The respondent felt that this indicated dishonesty on Hovind's part and confirmed public suspicions that he never intended to pay.[100] People have approached Hovind in regard to the challenge, addressing it from perspectives ranging from "Large-scale Evolution" to the Big Bang[101] to polar bears.[100]

In 2001, biologist Massimo Pigliucci attempted to collect Hovind's prize.[102] During a debate with Hovind, Pigliucci said Hovind did not send any details or names of scientists judging the evidence and Hovind "could have decided on his own" to dismiss the evidence.[103] Pigliucci later issued a "counter-challenge" as "a spoof meant to uncover Hovind's challenge for the gimmick that it is" by asking for "empirical evidence, that Christianity is the only true religion and that a god with the exact characteristics of the one(s) described in the bible actually exists".[104]

The winter 2005 issue of Skeptic included an article titled "Doubting Dr. Dino" by Adam Kisby.[101] Kisby lays out Hovind's arguments in formal logic, and says that the assumptions "God is a necessary cause of the universe" and "The universe is eternal, i.e., un-caused" lead to contradictions. Kisby sent his proof to Hovind and reports that "many weeks later I received a terse reply from Hovind in which he dogmatically rejected my proof." Hovind's reason was "the universe is evidence of a Designer – not proof there is no Designer." Kisby concluded "I contend that either my proof is technically correct or Hovind's $250,000 offer is fundamentally flawed. If my proof is correct, then Hovind is constrained by the terms of his offer to release the money. On the other hand if Hovind's offer is flawed then he is morally obligated to withdraw it or modify it."[101] The Spring 2006 issue of Skeptic contained criticisms of Kisby's proposed proof.[105]

Hovind has repeatedly declined written debates where his claims would be scrutinized by scientists, for example, when offered by Dave Thomas.[106]

Some creationist groups also do not approve of Hovind's offer. Answers in Genesis said it "would prefer that 'creationists' refrained from gimmicks like this."[73]

Controversial remarks[edit]

Politics and conspiracies[edit]

Hovind has made controversial remarks regarding conspiracies, science, creation, equal rights, religion, and government over the years. Hovind's creationist presentations have asserted that the reason creationism based on the Genesis creation narrative is not taught in public schools is tied to "an international conspiracy" of "'The New World Order' (NWO) consisting of Ted Turner and his wife Jane Fonda (now divorced), the British Royal Family, the State of Israel, the American Civil Liberties Union, and a smattering of former and present US government officials, business leaders, and social activists (particularly those advocating population control) — shades of the Trilateral Commission."[107] In May 1999, he claimed "the implementation of the NWO's world-domination plan was May 5, 2000."[107]

Hovind has several conspiracy theories about the U.S. government. He claims that the cyanide-releasing compound Laetrile is a "cancer cure" and argues that the US government is conspiring to suppress a cure for cancer.[39][108] On his radio program, he has said that the U.S. government was behind the 9/11 attacks, killing nearly 3000 people and that a "lot of folks were told not to come to work."[109] He also claims the Oklahoma City bombing was carried out by the government. "Did you know the Federal Government blew up their own building to blame it on the militias and to get rid of some people that weren't cooperating with the system?"[110] Regarding UFOs, Hovind recommends books by conspiracy theorists who believe "some UFO’s are U.S. Government experiments with electrogravitic propulsion as opposed to jet propulsion, while others are Satanic apparitions."[111][112] Additionally, Hovind claims that the Federal Reserve, the Council on Foreign Relations, the United Nations, and various other groups are planning to create a one world government and that the 1993 World Trade Center attack was staged by the US Government in order to pass "anti-terrorism" legislation that restricts civil liberties. He says, "I love my country, but fear my government. And you should too."[113] He also claims there is no such thing as the separation of church and state,[114] and opposes public schools.[115] Hovind has also alleged that there is a conspiracy surrounding taxes, the New World Order, and communism, while he promotes tax protesting.[113][116] Hovind wrote "Although it is tempting for me to go off on a tangent from my creation ministry and spend much time warning people of the communist origin (Karl Marx thought it up in 1848 and pro communists Colonel E. House, Roosevelt, Rockefeller and Sen. Nelson Aldrich implemented it in 1913.) and unconstitutional nature (it violates the 4th, 5th, 13th and 14th amendments) of the current tax system, I will resist that temptation and leave it to others to fight that battle."[116] Hovind further alleged "I sincerely believe that I am not a person required to file a Federal Income Tax Return. This belief is a result of extensive research that I have done."[116] On obeying tax laws, he argued "Some will say the Bible teaches us to obey the authority over us. I agree and I do. The IRS is not the authority over me any more than the government of Japan is."[116] Hovind further offered information and resources for people to avoid paying taxes by claiming to not be residents of the United States.[116]

As part of his "one world government" conspiracy theory, Hovind also claims that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), HIV, West Nile virus, Gulf war syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Wegener's disease, Parkinson's disease, Crohn's colitis, Type I diabetes, and collagen-vascular diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and Alzheimer's were all engineered by "the money masters and governments of the world" for the purpose of global economic domination.[117] Hovind claims "Satan has been using the great pyramid as his symbol for the New World Order"[118] and that "the Great Pyramid could have been built by Adam's relatives"[112] He claims that the United States government is secretly plotting to implant an "electronic ID" microchip in the body of every US citizen, which is the Mark of the Beast.[119][120] The aim, he claims, is to put "a chip into each of the major muscles and network them together so that a paralyzed person would be able to get some movement from their muscles" so that there "is going to be a system where you cannot buy or sell without the mark in the hands or in the forehead."[121]

Regarding barcodes and the security strip on money, Hovind stated they are tied to a government plot in which barcodes and the "magnetic tape through the center of the paper" money "is of the same type that is on the back of your credit card" for tracking money and people.[121] Thus, the government "want[s] to be able to track the money and find out where it goes."[121] Hovind has also stated an opposition to democracy, saying: "If Evolution is true, there is no Creator, so laws come from man's opinion. That is called a democracy, which is a terrible form of government. Democracies always degenerate into dictatorships. In America, it is sad to say, has become a democracy."[122] Hovind also stated: "democracy is evil and contrary to God's law"[90] and "democracy is a horrible form of government."[123] While speaking at Kent State University on an invite from Truth in Love Ministry, Hovind said about protesting evolution, "You should have another rebellion here at Kent State and do it for the right reason," but "This time, don't get shot."[124]

Hovind subsequently released a set of videos entitled "Answering the Critics" filmed in December 2003 where Hovind and his younger son Eric replied to some critics and addressed some of his controversial remarks, claims, and arguments.[125]

Science[edit]

Hovind believes all findings of science will eventually be found to agree with Scripture – which he says is a priori known to be true.[121][126] He claims that scientists also have an a priori assumption, namely that God does not exist (or at least not one that performed special creation).[127]

Hovind tells his audiences, "Evolution is the foundation for communism, nazism, socialism, Marxism and those who want a one-world government."[124] He maintains that biology textbooks are lying and that he considers evolution to be a religion[128] supported by false evidence that is used to brainwash youth. He claims, "Satan is using evolution theory to make kids go to hell."[129] Hovind claims he is not trying to eliminate evolution from schools,[130] but says "schools should teach both viewpoints."[129] He has claimed that everything is a religion, including mathematics.[131] Hovind disregards all fossil evidence, saying that "no fossils can count as evidence for evolution" because "all we know about that animal is that it died", and we do not know that it "had any kids, much less different kids."[132] In regards to different races, Hovind believes the best explanation for the origin of races is that "all families, countries, nations, and tongues were created or developed from" the Tower of Babel Bible story (Genesis 10:20).[133] In 2000, he alleged "global warming is a communist conspiracy."[112]

During a debate with Farrell Till, Hovind made the following statement about Donald Johanson: "[He] found the leg bones of Lucy a mile and a half away from the head bones. The leg bones were 200 feet deeper in a deeper layer of strata. I would like to know how fast the train was going that hit that chimpanzee."[134] This was clearly contrary to the published statements of Donald Johanson. After Hovind had been informed in 1993 that his statement was false, he agreed to stop using the claim but continued to make the statement. When he was again corrected in 1995, he agreed that he was in error, promised not to repeat the claim, and said he would remove it from his audio tapes.[135]

YouTube copyright controversy[edit]

On September 16, 2007, Wired reported, "YouTube has banned a group called the Rational Response Squad (RRS) after it complained its videos were being taken down due to spurious DMCA requests" from Creation Science Evangelism.[136] Furthermore, while the article noted the lack of "any kind of review" with a DMCA request is a problem, CSE's own website said that "none of the materials ... are copyrighted, so feel free to copy these and distribute them freely."[136] CSE later said that for some of the videos they may not have had copyright claims.[137] In response to the copyright claims, the RRS has posted a message stating it is ready to sue CSE and/or Eric Hovind.[138][139]

Kent Hovind/Creation Science Evangelism copyright policy prior to September 2007

Five days later, on September 21, 2007, the CSE copyright page was changed to say that their material may be copied but must be unedited.[137] Previously, Hovind's website stated, "None of the materials produced by Creation Science Evangelism are copyrighted".[140] According to a spokesperson for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a group dedicated to preserving free speech on the internet, CSE's claim was "clearly bogus".[141] As of September 25, 2007, some of the videos had been put back up and the Rational Response Squad's accounts had been reinstated.[141]

Legal problems[edit]

Property taxes and zoning ordinance[edit]

On September 13, 2002, Hovind was charged for failure to observe county zoning regulations with respect to Dinosaur Adventure Land.[39] Despite arguments that the owners did not need a permit due to the nature of the building, the park was found in violation of local regulations.[142]

After a 5-year misdemeanor court battle over the $50 building permit, on June 5, 2006, Hovind pled nolo contendere as charged to three counts: constructing a building without a permit, refusing to sign a citation,[143] and violating the county building code.[144] Hovind was ordered to pay $225 per count. That month Hovind complied with the county law:[143] Hovind estimated he spent $40,000 in legal expenses on this case,[145] but, in a 2002 CSE newsletter, Hovind requested donations stating that the costs approached $100,000.[146]

Federal civil tax matters, bankruptcy, and renouncing citizenship (1996–2006)[edit]

Creation Science Evangelism is not listed as a tax-exempt organization by the Internal Revenue Service,[147] nor is it considered a church by people who work there.[148][149] The ministry's organizational structure was described by the United States Tax Court as appearing to be "based on various questionable trust documents purchased from Glen Stoll, a known promoter of tax avoidance schemes",[51] leading it to conclude that Hovind used these trust documents as well as other fraudulent means to conceal the ownership and control of his activities and properties.[51]

Hovind was originally reported to the IRS by Pensacola Christian College senior vice president Rebekah Horton in the mid 1990s, after she learned of Hovind's anti-tax stand.[150]

In 1996 Hovind filed a Chapter 13 bankruptcy petition to avoid paying federal income taxes, claiming he was not a citizen of the United States and that he did not earn income.[151] Hovind was found to have lied about his possessions and income.[152] He claimed that as a minister of God everything he owns belonged to God and he is not subject to paying taxes to the United States on the money he received for doing God's work.[153] The court ordered him to pay the money, upheld the IRS's determination that Hovind's claim "was filed in bad faith for the sole purpose of avoiding payment of federal income taxes" and called Hovind's arguments "patently absurd". It also noted that "the IRS has no record of the debtor ever having filed a federal income tax return," although this was not the court's reason for denying the bankruptcy claim. On June 5, 1996, the Court dismissed Hovind's bankruptcy case.[154]

On May 13, 1998, Hovind and his wife filed a "Power of Attorney and Revocation of Signature" document with the Escambia County Clerk of Courts which would nullify any of their promises, debts, or legal agreements made prior to April 15, 1998. The document reads, in part: "I/we do hereby revoke and make void... all signatures on any instruments...". The Hovinds claimed they had signed government documents "due to the use of various elements of fraud and misrepresentations, duress, coercion, under perjury, mistake, 'bankruptcy'."[155] In this document, the Hovinds argue that Social Security is essentially a "Ponzi scheme", referred to the United States Government as "the 'bankrupt' corporate government", renounced their United States citizenship and Social Security numbers to become "a natural citizen of 'America' and a natural sojourner", and referred to their home state of Florida as "the State of Florida Body-Politic Corporation."[155] Judges and the IRS did not appear to honor this as a legally relevant document in future decisions.[156]

In 2002, Hovind was again delinquent in paying his taxes, and unsuccessfully sued the IRS for harassment.[156]

In 2004, IRS agents raided Hovind's home and business to confiscate financial records.[157] IRS agent Scott Schneider said Hovind's businesses had neither business licenses nor tax-exempt status and stated that "Since 1997, Hovind has engaged in financial transactions indicating sources of income and has made deposits to bank accounts well in excess of $1 million per year during some of these years, which would require the filing of federal income taxes."[158] On June 3, 2004, the IRS filed notices of Federal tax liens of $504,957.24 against Hovind and his son and their businesses due to previous legal maneuverings to evade taxation by moving property between himself, his son, and other legal entities.[159]

On July 7, 2006, the United States Tax Court (Docket number 011894-05L) found that Hovind was deficient in paying his federal income taxes in tax years 1995–97 in the amount of $504,957.24.[51] The Tax Court ruled that the IRS had a valid, perfected lien on Hovind's property in that amount and noted that Hovind's defense was based on "bizarre arguments", "some of which constitute tax protester arguments involving excise taxes and the alleged '100% voluntary' nature of the income tax." Starting in 2006, the IRS began levying against Hovind's property to satisfy his unpaid tax liabilities.[51]

Federal criminal tax-related trial and convictions in 2006[edit]

On July 11, 2006, Hovind was charged in the District Court in Northern Florida in Pensacola with twelve counts of willful failure to collect, account for, and pay over federal income taxes and FICA taxes, forty-five counts of knowingly structuring transactions in federally insured financial institutions to evade reporting requirements, and one count of corruptly endeavoring to obstruct and impede the administration of the internal revenue laws.[160][161][161] Twelve of the charges were for failing to pay employee-related taxes, totaling $473,818, and 45 of the charges were for evading reporting requirements by making multiple cash withdrawals just under the $10,000 reporting requirement (a technique known as "smurfing"). The withdrawals, totaling $430,500, were made in 2001 and 2002.[161] Jo Delia Hovind, his wife, faced 44 charges.[162]

The government charged that Hovind falsely listed the IRS as his only creditor in his bankruptcy, filed a false and frivolous lawsuit against the IRS in which he demanded damages for criminal trespass, made threats of harm to those investigating him and to those who might consider cooperating with the investigation, filed a false complaint against IRS agents investigating him, filed a false criminal complaint against IRS special agents (criminal investigators), and destroyed records.[163]

After being indicted, Hovind claimed incomprehension to the charges, telling the court: "I still don't understand what I'm being charged for and who is charging me."[161] Magistrate Miles Davis asked Hovind if he wrote and spoke English, to which Hovind responded "To some degree". Davis replied that the government adequately explained the allegations and the defendant understands the charges "whether you want to admit it or not."[164] Hovind stated that he did not recognize the government's right to try him on tax-fraud charges. At first he attempted to enter a plea of "subornation of false muster," but then entered a not guilty plea "under duress" when the judge offered to enter a plea for him.[156]

At the time of the arrest Hovind's passport and guns were seized. Hovind protested, arguing that he needed his passport to continue his evangelism work, and that "thousands and thousands" were waiting to hear him preach in South Africa the following month. The court refused to reconsider, accepting the argument that "like-minded people" might secret Hovind away if he left the country.[161] Because of reports of weapons on the Hovind property, the indictment was originally sealed for fear of danger to the arresting agents.[165] More than a half-dozen guns were seized at the Hovind's home, including an SKS semiautomatic rifle.[166] Also, "During an IRS raid at the home, agents found and seized numerous cash stashes totalling $42,000."[166]

Evidence produced at the trial revealed that Jo Hovind had requested financial assistance from Baptist Healthcare claiming that the Hovinds had no income. "'Dr. and Mrs. Kent Hovind do not earn salaries,' wrote Martha Harris, the trust secretary of Creation Science Evangelism to Baptist Healthcare. 'As health insurance is not provided for this couple, we would appreciate (financial assistance).'"[167] However, continues the article, "Kent Hovind, a tax protester, makes a substantial amount of money". The Pensacola News Journal noted, "On the day the IRS searched the Hovind home, Kent Hovind withdrew $70,000 from the Creation Science Evangelism account. Half in a check; the other in cash."[168]

At the time of the indictment, Hovind's defense appeared to be that although there were 30 people working for him, all of whom received remuneration in cash, none of them were employees. According to Hovind, "Nobody's an employee, and they all know that when they come. They come, they work ... The laborer is worthy of his hire – we try to take the purely scriptural approach. We do the best we can with helping people with their family needs. There are no employees here."[169] Hovind had also claimed that he was not liable for taxes that he and his ministry did not have to "render unto Caesar" because his workers are "missionaries", not "employees".[170]

On October 21, 2006, the trial began in which he hoped to convince a jury that his amusement park admission and merchandise sales belonged to God and cannot be taxed.[47] Former and current workers, IRS agents, a bank employee, and a lawyer of a non-profit Christian organization testified in the trial. The IRS agents told the court how Hovind attempted "bullying tactics" and sued the government three times, which were thrown out, to pressure them to stop investigating.[47] Several people who worked for Hovind testified that they had to punch time cards, and had vacation and sick days, while others testified that Hovind claimed he had "beat" the tax system.[171] During the trial, the judge "admonished" Hovind's attorney for wasting time and asking irrelevant questions.[172]

The trial concluded on November 1 with the defense deciding not to present a case.[173] After closing arguments were presented on November 2, the jury deliberated three hours before finding the Hovinds guilty on all counts, 58 for Hovind and 44 for his wife.[168] The Pensacola News Journal noted, "The saddest thing: Had they cooperated with the agents, they probably wouldn't be worrying about prison sentences now."[174]

Sentencing, appeals, and imprisonment (2007-present)[edit]

On January 19, 2007, Hovind was sentenced to ten years in prison and ordered to pay the federal government restitution of over $600,000. After his prison term finishes he will serve another three years of probation. During the sentencing phase, a tearful Hovind, hoping to avoid prison, told the court, "If it's just money the IRS wants, there are thousands of people out there who will help pay the money they want so I can go back out there and preach."[175] However, Hovind's court room behavior was in stark contrast to phone calls he made while in jail and played by the prosecution.[176] The tapes, posted online by the Pensacola News Journal, included one conversation with Kent and his son, Eric Hovind, planning to hide a motor vehicle title and property deeds to prevent the government from collecting the property to pay for owed debt.[177]

In February 2007, Hovind argued to the judge that the convictions for structuring transactions to evade reporting requirements should be thrown out. On April 18, 2007, the court rejected the defendants' "unit of the crime" arguments, and the motions for acquittal were denied.[178][179]

After the convictions, Hovind was incarcerated in the Escambia County Jail as a "danger to the community" and a flight risk.[180] Following his sentencing in January 2007, Hovind was incarcerated at the Federal Prison Camp, Pensacola (minimum security), at Saufley Field, Pensacola, Florida, and was later moved to the Federal Correctional Institution, Marianna (medium security), at Marianna, Florida.[181] In May 2007, he was listed as being an "administrative security level" inmate at Federal Correctional Institution, Tallahassee, in Tallahassee, Florida, and the United States Penitentiary (USP) in Atlanta, Georgia, until being placed at Federal Correctional Institution, Edgefield, in South Carolina.[181] In August 2010, he was placed at United States Penitentiary, Atlanta;[182] in September he was moved to Federal Correctional Institution, Jesup.[183] In June 2011, he was moved back to Federal Correctional Institution, Tallahassee[184] then to the FPC Satellite Camp[185] (minimum security) under the administration of ADX Florence in Florence, Colorado.[186] In October 2012, he was transferred to the Federal Correctional Institution, Berlin in New Hampshire[187] and in May 2014, he was moved to Federal Prison Camp, Montgomery in Alabama,[188] where he got trouble for passing material to other inmates according to Eric Hovind.[189] In late May 2014, Hovind was then transferred to United States Penitentiary, Atlanta.[190]

On June 29, 2007, Jo Hovind was sentenced to one year of imprisonment (out of a possible 225 years) and three years of supervision upon release. She was also ordered to pay $8,000 in fines.[191] In court, Jo Hovind told the judge "I really did not have a leadership role in CSE" and finished "I would never knowingly do anything illegal."[52] The prosecutor said that Jo Hovind's statement contradicted the evidence, stating, "I do not believe she's being truthful to the court".[52] The judge stated that "Mrs. Hovind was in charge of the payroll," and that while "Mr. Hovind was the decision-making authority" at CSE and Dinosaur Adventure Land, Jo Hovind had cashed some 200 checks, all under $10,000, for a total of $1.5 million during a four-year period.[52] The judge stated that Jo Hovind's sentence was imposed to engender "respect for the law" and as a deterrence to others who might be tempted to break the law.[52]

On July 2, 2007, Hovind's appeal to the Eleventh Circuit Appeals Court for the 2006 U.S. Tax Court judgment (Kent E. Hovind v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue) was denied.[192] Hovind "filed an appeal with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit claiming he was prevented from challenging the amount of his tax liability."[193] But "a three-judge panel ruled that Hovind failed to raise the issue at the right time, so he waived his rights to contest his tax liability."[193]

Dinosaur Adventure Land billboard

In 2007, the government placed liens on Hovind's 10 properties for money owed.[52] This action stemmed from the June 27, 2007, judgment, which included an order that Hovind's property be forfeited under 18 U.S.C. § 3613 for costs of $5,800, a fine of $2000, and restitution of $604,874.87.[194] If payment should not be made in full, the Hovinds would be required to pay the principal at an additional 5.1% interest.

On December 30, 2008, the Hovinds' criminal appeal was denied by the Eleventh Circuit Appeals Court. The Court stated that the Hovind's attempts to dismiss their convictions were "without merit".[195][196]

With the appeal denied, wife Jo Hovind began serving her prison term on January 20, 2009,[197] at Federal Correctional Institution, Marianna. During her incarceration, she was moved to Metropolitan Correctional Center, Orlando, where she remained until being released on December 3, 2009.[198]

The court ruling denying the Hovinds' appeal cleared the way for forfeiture proceedings on Hovind-owned property, including DAL, to continue[199] to satisfy the debt.[200] Eric Hovind kept DAL and CSE open throughout 2008,[201] but in July 2009 a judge allowed the government to seize Hovind property for restitution.[202]

On November 30, 2010, Kent Hovind filed a motion in U.S. District Court Northern District of Florida claiming the prosecution and defense erred at various stages of the case.[203] All of Hovind's motions, including dismissal of the indictment, were denied by the court in 2011.[204] Court documents filed May 15, 2013, revealed that the financial restitution portion of Kent Hovind's conviction totaled "more than $3.3 million in taxes and penalties" which he has been ordered to repay.[205]

Since his 2007 incarceration, Hovind has filed several lawsuits and petitions in multiple courts, including ones against the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, his trial judge and federal district court.[206] In August 2013, Hovind wrote he has lost every appeal in six years and filed six new legal "battles," signing under his name with "POW."[207]

According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP), Kent Hovind is scheduled for release from prison on August 10, 2015.[208]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hovind, Kent (2006). "Creation, Evolution, Dinosaurs, and the Bible". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d Search "Kent Hovind" in Escambia County Florida Clerk of the Circuit Court for Instrument 2005406964, Affidavit 08/10/2005, also available online at Kent Hovind 2005 Affidavit.
  3. ^ "About CSE". DrDino.com (archived). 1999. Archived from the original on 2007-09-14. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  4. ^ Hovind, Eric (April 2, 2007). "Trip to Canada and Debate". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2007-09-14. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  5. ^ a b Kent Hovind wrote his son, Eric, "joined our CSE staff May 10th. He is taking my seminar to schools and churches and has quite a few meetings scheduled already."Hovind, Kent (1999). "The Every-Once-in-a-While Newsletter". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  6. ^ a b Hovind wrote his interest in the "creation/evolutionism subject led me to start Creation Science Evangelism in 1991." Hovind, Kent (2000). "Where did you get your degree?". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2000-09-03. Retrieved 2000-09-04. 
  7. ^ "For example, in 2003 CSE earned gross receipts from merchandise sales of $1,657,329." Judge Finding of Fact and Opinion Kent and Jo Hovind's Tax Court Docket No. 1362-10 United States Tax Court, 2012, also available online at Jo Hovind v Commissioner of Internal Revenue (2012 Order).
  8. ^ a b Hovind, Kent (2000). "Where did you get your degree?". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2000-09-03. Retrieved 2000-09-04. 
  9. ^ Barbara, Forrest (September 1, 1999). "Unmasking the False Prophet of Creationism". National Center for Science Education. Retrieved 2007-02-19. 
  10. ^ "Kent Hovind FAQs". talk.origins. 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-18. 
  11. ^ "Creationist speaker 'loose about the facts'". York Dispatch. March 13, 2006. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  12. ^ "Finance & Payments". Patriot Bible University. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-05-24. Retrieved 2007-02-04. 
  13. ^ "Kent Hovind Credentials". Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Bartelt, Karen E. (2004). "The Dissertation Kent Hovind Doesn't Want You to Read: A Review of Kent Hovind's Thesis". No Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 2007-10-24. 
  15. ^ "The Price of Truth". Patriot Bible University. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-02-17. Retrieved 2007-02-04. 
  16. ^ "The Price of Truth III". Patriot Bible University. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2007-02-04. 
  17. ^ According to his website in 2003, "Creation Science Evangelism was started in 1989 by Dr. Kent Hovind." Hovind, Kent (2003). "About Creation Science Evangelism". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2003-09-03. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  18. ^ Hovind, Eric (January 20, 2007). "New Mission Field for Dr. Hovind". Creation Science Evangelism. 
  19. ^ "Meet Eric Hovind". CreationGuys.com. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  20. ^ "After completing his high school studies at Pensacola Christian Academy in 1997, he graduated from Jackson Hole Bible College in Jackson Hole, Wyoming." Hovind, Eric (2012). "BIO: ERIC HOVIND". CreationToday.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  21. ^ "About Jackson Hole Bible College". Jackson Hole Bible College. 2005. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  22. ^ "Accreditation Database and Information". Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  23. ^ "Course Catalog, 2012-2013". Jackson Hole Bible College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-04.  It's catalog says: "it is not our purpose or desire to be accredited."
  24. ^ Hovind, Kent (2005). "Created and Made". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2006-10-22. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  25. ^ Search State of Florida, Department of State for Eric Hovind. See 11/13/2007 — Fictitious Name Filing for God Quest.
  26. ^ "Florida Articles of Incorporation of God Quest, Inc.". State of Florida, Department of State. 2007. Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  27. ^ Search State of Florida, Department of State for Eric Hovind. See 10/01/2010 — Fictitious Name Filing for Godonomics.
  28. ^ "To the Members of the Florida Board of Education". Family Policy Council. February 7, 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-03-20. Retrieved February 7, 2008. 
  29. ^ "Updating CSE Blogs". Creation Science Evangelism blog. June 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  30. ^ "Vote Your Faith". Creation Science Evangelism. October 29, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved February 7, 2008. 
  31. ^ a b United States of America v. Creation Science Evangelism, justia.com, 2012. See complaint at United States of America v. Creation Science Evangelism
  32. ^ For example, Instrument #2013037934, 05/29/2013 at 11:03 AM OR Book 7022 Page 1703, says: "Kent E Hovind asks that this Memorandum Of Lis Pendens be recorded as a lien against the above shown parcel(s) of real property, and that a stamped copy of each lien be mailed back to him at the address below." The filings are available from the Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller, Escambia County, Florida at http://www.escambiaclerk.com/clerk/coc_online_public_records.aspx
  33. ^ See Instrument 2013077090 Date 10/09/2013 from the Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller, Escambia County, Florida at http://www.escambiaclerk.com/clerk/coc_online_public_records.aspx
  34. ^ Kyle Winkler, "We are Now Creation Today". Creation Today. Winter 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  35. ^ Kyle Winkler, "We Are Now Creation Today". Creation Today Current. Winter 2011. Retrieved 2013-12-14.  page 4
  36. ^ "At a Glance". Creation Today. 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  37. ^ "The Heresy of Nosson Slifkin". Moment Magazine. October 2005. Archived from the original on 2009-11-29. Retrieved October 2005. 
  38. ^ "Pictures of Dinosaurs in the 20th Century". DrDino.com (Archived). February 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-02-03. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  39. ^ a b c Martinez, Greg (November 2004). "A Journey to Hovind's Dinosaur Adventure Land". Skeptical Inquirer. Retrieved 2006-10-19. 
  40. ^ Jackson, Camille (Summer 2004). "When Giants Roamed: A Florida theme park sells creationism — with an antigovernment twist". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 2006-10-19. 
  41. ^ a b "Dinosaur Adventure Land, or How Max Defeated the Creationist Swing Set". Reports of the National Center for Science Education. 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  42. ^ "Feds still looking to force Dinosaur Adventure Land into extinction". Pensacola News Journal. March 20, 2008. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  43. ^ Wernowsky, Kris (2009-07-31). "Feds can seize Dinosaur Adventure Land". Pensacola News Journal. Archived from the original on 2009-08-01. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  44. ^ "Park Closed Until Further Notice". Dinosaur Adventure Land (archived). August 24, 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-10-22. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  45. ^ "Spend Christmas with the Dinosaurs". Dinosaur Adventure Land (archived). November 5, 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  46. ^ Lozare, Nicole (October 31, 2006). "IRS agent testifies in Hovind trial, Case could go to jury Thursday". Pensacola News Journal. 
  47. ^ a b c Fail, Angela (October 18, 2006). "Evangelist's trial begins: Dinosaur Adventure Land owner, wife face 58 counts of tax fraud". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  48. ^ "Biblical theme park's finances investigated". St. Petersburg Times. April 18, 2004. Retrieved 2006-08-18. 
  49. ^ O'Brien, Mark (November 3, 2006). "Hard to believe a man with a Ph.D didn't know of a basic tax law". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  50. ^ "Earth to 'Dr. Dino': Please pay your taxes and start facing reality". Pensacola News Journal. Jan 21, 2007. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  51. ^ a b c d e Hovind v. Commissioner, T.C. Memo 2006-143, CCH December 56,562(M) (2006).
  52. ^ a b c d e f O'Brien, Mark (July 1, 2007). "She's 'Granny Jo' to her family, but a lawbreaker to the court". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  53. ^ "Creationist Park Could Be Seized After Owners Jailed". WLTX. Aug 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-09.  page 13
  54. ^ a b "Order in United States of America v. Kent and Jo Hovind". United States District Court. June 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-09.  page 13
  55. ^ a b See government filing in Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller, Escambia County, Florida, Instrument #2013077090, 10/09/2013. Online at United States v. Hovind (Amended Order on Motion for Discharge of Liens).
  56. ^ See First American Title Insurance Company document in Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller, Escambia County, Florida, 10/01/2013 at 03:46 PM OR Book 7082 Page 1588, Instrument #2013075049
  57. ^ Kent Hovind "Part 6, The Hovind Theory" (Creation Science Evangelism, 2002)(Video)
  58. ^ a b c "Unmasking the False Religion of Evolution, Chapter 5: The Hovind Theory". Creation Science Evangelism. 1999. Archived from the original on 1999-11-17. Retrieved 2000-09-04. 
  59. ^ "Kent Hovind's testimony on Chick.com". Chick.com. Retrieved 2006-10-06. 
  60. ^ "Fossils Do not Prove Evolution". DrDino.com (archived). 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-06-25. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  61. ^ a b Hovind, Kent (2002). "Hovind Attacks Evolution Theory". www.kent-hovind.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  62. ^ Myers 2006; NSTA 2007; IAP 2006; AAAS 2006; and Pinholster 2006; Ruling, Kitzmiller v. Dover page 83
  63. ^ Larson 2004, p. 258 "Virtually no secular scientists accepted the doctrines of creation science; but that did not deter creation scientists from advancing scientific arguments for their position." See also Martz & McDaniel 1987, p. 23, a Newsweek article which states "By one count there are some 700 scientists (out of a total of 480,000 U.S. earth and life scientists) who give credence to creation-science, the general theory that complex life forms did not evolve but appeared 'abruptly'."
  64. ^ Bartelt, Karen E. (August 2–3, 2000). "Dr. Dino's "Fractured Fairy Tales of Science"". No Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 2007-10-24. 
  65. ^ Matson, Dave (December 10, 2002). "How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments: A Look at Hovind's arguments". talk.origins. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  66. ^ Hovind, Kent (2002). "Kent Hovind: Quacky Quotes". www.kent-hovind.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2005-02-28. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  67. ^ Carl Wieland; Ken Ham and Jonathan Sarfati (11 October 2002). "Maintaining Creationist Integrity". Creation Ministries International. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  68. ^ Big Daddy?, tract from Chick Publications.
  69. ^ Article from Chick Publications Battle Cry July/August 2000 Newsletter, Author Claims Some Dinosaurs Live Today!
  70. ^ a b c "Maintaining Creationist Integrity: A response to Kent Hovind". Answers In Genesis. 11 October 2002. Retrieved 2007-09-17.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  71. ^ Hovind, Kent (August 2, 2002). "Bad Creation Arguments?". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2002-10-31. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  72. ^ "Arguments we think creationists should NOT use". Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 2007-02-02. 
  73. ^ a b "Maintaining Creationist Integrity: A response to Kent Hovind". Answers In Genesis. 11 October 2002. Archived from the original on 2005-03-13. Retrieved 2007-05-17.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  74. ^ "Jesus Kills: The end of the world is coming, and some OC Christians cant wait". OC Weekly. Feb 23, 2006. Retrieved 2011-03-15. 
  75. ^ Stear, John (22 March 2006). "Answers in Genesis' integrity seems to be missing". No Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 2007-10-24. 
  76. ^ a b "Maintaining Creationist Integrity". Creation Ministries International. Retrieved 2006-06-08. 
  77. ^ Bartelt, Karen (2000). "Dr. Dino's "Fractured Fairy Tales of Science"". No Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  78. ^ "The John Ankerberg Debate: Young-Earth vs. Old-Earth". Reasons To Believe. 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  79. ^ Ross–Hovind Debate, John Ankerberg Show, October 2000, Creation Ministries International
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  106. ^ "The C-Files: Kent Hovind". New Mexicans for Science and Reason. 2000. Retrieved 2012-10-17.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  107. ^ a b "Dr Dino Does ´Delphia". National Center for Science Education. 1999. Retrieved 2007-02-19. 
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  109. ^ Hovind, Kent (2005). "Kent Hovind: Semitic Semantics". www.kent-hovind.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  110. ^ Hovind, Kent (2005). "Kent Hovind: Quacky Quotes". www.kent-hovind.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  111. ^ "What about UFO's?". DrDino.com (Archived). 2003. Archived from the original on 2003-06-11. Retrieved 2001-11-11. 
  112. ^ a b c "Alberta: Evangelist says dinosaurs existed in God's world," The Guardian (Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island), December 2, 2000
  113. ^ a b An often repeated claim about the New World Order conspiracy as described by Hovind in "Seminar Part 5 – The Dangers of Evolution." See: Hovind, Kent (2009). "The Dangers of Evolution". DrDino.com (archived). Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  114. ^ "What about separation between church and state?". DrDino.com (Archived). 2001. Archived from the original on 2001-08-11. Retrieved 2001-11-11. 
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  116. ^ a b c d e "How are evolution, Communism, the new-world order, and the IRS connected?". DrDino.com (Archived). 2000. Archived from the original on 2001-08-25. Retrieved 2001-11-11. 
  117. ^ Hovind, Kent (July 28, 2001). "Man Made Plagues". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2004-02-25. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  118. ^ "Who built the Great Pyramid, and why?". DrDino.com (Archived). 2000. Archived from the original on 2001-07-25. Retrieved 2001-11-11. 
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  121. ^ a b c d Hovind, Kent (1999). "Unmasking the False Religion of Evolution, Chapter 6: Questions and Answers". Creation Science Evangelism. Archived from the original on 1999-09-25. Retrieved 2001-11-11. 
  122. ^ Hovind, Kent (2005). "Quacky Quotes On Evolution". www.kent-hovind.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  123. ^ Kent Hovind series: CSE 103, Class 4
  124. ^ a b Pat Jarrett, "Kent State U. speaker instructs professors to 'stop lying to students'," Daily Kent Stater, April 7, 2006
  125. ^ "CSE: Answering the Critics" (Creation Science Evangelism, 2004)
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  127. ^ Hovind, Kent (2005). "Who was Cainan?". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2006-04-15. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  128. ^ Hovind, Kent (2007). "Hovind's $250,000 Offer". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2006-03-04. 
  129. ^ a b Zlati Meyer, "Creation v Evolution Topic of Student Forum: A FLA. Evangelist Spoke at Pennridge High School," The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 10, 2000
  130. ^ Hovind, Kent (2007). "Are You Being Brainwashed". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2008-12-19.  page 6
  131. ^ Kent Hovind "The Dangers of Evolution" (Creation Science Evangelism, 2000)(Video)
  132. ^ Hovind vs Shermer Debate
  133. ^ Hovind, Kent (2003). "Where did the races come from?". DrDino.com (archived). Archived from the original on 2003-12-23. 
  134. ^ Bartelt, Karen (March 1994). "On the Till-Hovind Debate". The Real News. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  135. ^ "A Case Study in Creationists' Willingness to Admit Their Errors". talk.origins. June 12, 2003. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  136. ^ a b Beschizza, Rob (September 16, 2007). "YouTube Supports "Fraudulent" Creationist DMCA Claim". Wired. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  137. ^ a b Anderson, Nate (September 19, 2007). "Creationists, atheists battle over copyrights, criticism, and the DMCA". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  138. ^ "We're Ready to Help Sue Creation Science Evangelism". Rational Response Squad. September 14, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  139. ^ Black, Nathan (September 28, 2007). "Atheists Blast Creationists in Copyright Battle". Christian Post. Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
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  141. ^ a b "Creationist vs. Atheist YouTube War Marks New Breed of Copyright Claim". Wired. September 25, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  142. ^ Rabb, William (2006-04-07). "Park could face extinction: Lack of building permits closes dinosaur museum". Pensacola News Journal. Archived from the original on 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  143. ^ a b Search "Kent Hovind" in Escambia County Florida Clerk of the Circuit Court for Case #2001 MM 023489 A
  144. ^ Search "Kent Hovind" in Escambia County Florida Clerk of the Circuit Court for Case #2002 MM 026670 A
  145. ^ Hovind provides this estimate in a Demand to Dismiss in the case, which was made available through the now defunct website www.richardsayshome.com; See: "Hovind File Listing". www.richardsayshome.com (archived). 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-04-28. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  146. ^ Meyers, Stephen (2008). "Kent Hovind Newsletter 3/1/02". Institute for Biblical & Scientific Studies. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  147. ^ "Search for Charities and Non-Profits Organizations". Internal Revenue Service. 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  148. ^ Sowder, Amy (October 19, 2006). "Workers testify in 'Dr. Dino' trial". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  149. ^ Fail, Angela (October 18, 2006). "Evangelist's trial begins: Dinosaur Adventure Land owner, wife face 58 counts of tax fraud". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-18. 
  150. ^ Fail, Angela (October 20, 2006). "Christian College leader says taxes are part of religion: Hovind argues God's workers are exempt". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  151. ^ In re Hovind, case no. 96-04256, U.S. Bankr. Court for the Northern District of Florida (Pensacola Div.), 197 B.R. 157 (Bankr. N.D. Fla. 1996), at [1].
  152. ^ The Hovind Bankruptcy Decision talk.origins 1998
  153. ^ Drach, Mike (December 15, 2005). "Screw the Taxman: The Weird Ideas of Tax Cheaters". DigitalJournal.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-21. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  154. ^ In re Hovind, 197 B.R. 157, at 161.
  155. ^ a b Escambia County, Florida Clerks Office May 5, 1998
  156. ^ a b c Stewart, Michael (18 July 2006). "Park owner pleads not guilty to tax fraud: Evangelist says he's owned by God". Pensacola News Journal. Archived from the original on 2006-07-21. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  157. ^ IRS Raids Home and Business of Creationist Christianity Today April 19, 2004
  158. ^ Biblical theme park's finances investigated Associated Press April 18, 2004
  159. ^ For a listing of liens search the Escambia County Clerk by last name.
  160. ^ Indictment, United States of America v. Kent E. Hovind and Jo D. Hovind, U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida, Pensacola Division, case no. 3:06CR83/MCR (dated July 11, 2006; filed at 12:55 pm, July 11, 2006) (hereinafter "Indictment").
  161. ^ a b c d e Stewart, Michael (14 July 2006). "Evangelist arrested on federal charges". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  162. ^ Stewart, Michael (1 September 2006). "Evangelist's trial postponed". Pensacola News Journal. 
  163. ^ Indictment, page 8 (July 11, 2006).
  164. ^ Stewart, Michael (19 July 2006). "Creationist's fight with Uncle Sam may evolve into painful defeat". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  165. ^ "Kent Hovind arrested on federal charges". National Center for Science Education. July 14, 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 
  166. ^ a b Michael Stewart (21 October 2006). "Lawyer: Hovind detailed actions: Evangelist said he 'beat the system'". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  167. ^ Lozare, Nicole (October 31, 2006). "Kent and Jo Hovind deny having income". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  168. ^ a b Lozare, Nicole (November 2, 2006). "'Dr. Dino,' wife guilty". Pensacola News Journal. 
  169. ^ Brown, Jim (July 21, 2006). "Tax-Evasion Charges Baseless, Says Ministry Leader". AgapePress. Retrieved 2006-12-18. 
  170. ^ "Tax Evasion Charges Baseless Says Ministry Leader". WDC Media News. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 
  171. ^ Stewart, Michael (October 21, 2006). "Lawyer: Hovind detailed actions: Evangelist said he 'beat the system'". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  172. ^ Lozare, Nicole (November 1, 2006). "Judge admonishes Hovind attorney". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  173. ^ Lozare, Nicole (November 2, 2006). "Hovind defense lawyers call no witnesses in case". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  174. ^ O'Brien, Mark (November 3, 2006). "Hard to believe a man with a Ph.D didn't know of a basic tax law". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  175. ^ Stewart, Michael (19 January 2007). "10 years for 'Dr. Dino'". Pensacola News Journal. 
  176. ^ Stewart, Michael (20 January 2006). "A decade for 'Dr. Dino'". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  177. ^ "Kent Hovind jail phone calls (2006)". Archive.org. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 
  178. ^ Order, April 18, 2007, docket entry 192, United States of America v. Kent E. Hovind, case no. 3:06cr83-001/MCR, United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida, Pensacola Division.
  179. ^ "Attorneys for Hovinds seeks acquittal on bank structuring". Pensacola News Journal. March 1, 2007. 
  180. ^ Lozare, Nicole (November 3, 2006). "'Dr. Dino' guilty on all counts: Couple could get more than 200 years". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  181. ^ a b "Locate a Federal Inmate: Kent Hovind". Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-17. 
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  185. ^ "Last Updated: June 27, 2011". KentHovindBlog.com. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-01. 
  186. ^ "Locate a Federal Inmate: Kent Hovind". Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-01. 
  187. ^ "Locate a Federal Inmate: Kent Hovind". Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  188. ^ "Locate a Federal Inmate: Kent Hovind". Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  189. ^ Hovind, Eric (May 23, 2013). "Please pray for Kent". Facebook. Retrieved 2014-05-28.  Kent Hovind previously wrote: "I started making my bookmarkers and paper airplanes for a few guys and it spread like wildfire! My 2nd day I made nearly 300! Each one doubles as a gospel tract so pray God uses them to reach many for His kingdom please."
  190. ^ "Locate a Federal Inmate: Kent Hovind". Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  191. ^ Creationist theme park owner's wife sentenced.[dead link] Associated Press, ABC Action News 2007-06-29. Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
  192. ^ "Kent E. Hovind v. Commissioner of IRS" (PDF). United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. July 2, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-21.  Case #06-15229, Docket 11894-05L
  193. ^ a b "Appeals court upholds sentence in Hovind tax-evasion case". Pensacola News Journal. July 4, 2007. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  194. ^ "Instrument ($604,874.87 lien)". Escambia County Florida Clerk of the Circuit Court. June 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-17. 
  195. ^ "D. C. Docket No. 06-00083-CR-3-MCR" (PDF). Eleventh Circuit Appeals Court. December 30, 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2007-07-17. 
  196. ^ "Court upholds Hovind convictions". Pensacola News Journal. January 5, 2009. 
  197. ^ "Legal Update". Creation Science Evangelism blog. January 23, 2009. Retrieved 2007-06-03. 
  198. ^ "Locate a Federal Inmate: Jo Delia Hovind, prisoner number 06453-017". Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2008. Retrieved 2007-05-17. 
  199. ^ "Tax-evasion sentences upheld for 'Dr. Dino' and wife". Pensacola News Journal. January 6, 2009. p. B.2. Retrieved 2012-10-18. 
  200. ^ Wernowsky, Kris (August 1, 2009). "Judge clears way for dinosaur park to be seized". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  201. ^ "Jailed owner fights to keep park open". Pensacola News Journal. July 21, 2008. 
  202. ^ "Dinosaur Adventure Land to be seized?". National Center for Science Education. July 31, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  203. ^ "Tax evader wants sentence tossed out". Pensacola News Journal. December 1, 2010. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  204. ^ "United States of America v. Kent E. Hovind". United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida. May 2, 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  205. ^ "'Dr. Dino' ordered to pay taxes, penalties". Pensacola News Journal. May 23, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  206. ^ Search Justia for Kent Hovind
  207. ^ "I currently have battles on 6 legal fronts. All the details are posted and updated on 2peter3.com and clearly show my innocence and the corruption in the government's case against me." Blog- August 2013 UPDATE, 2peter3.com. Hovind writes that his legal files are posted online with help from Paul Hansen, a sovereign citizen. See: "Landlord can't talk way out of jail," World-Herald, September 18, 2009
  208. ^ "Locate a Federal Inmate: Kent Hovind". Federal Bureau of Prisons. 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-24. 

External links[edit]