Kentucky Cardinal

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Kentucky Cardinal
Overview
Service type Inter-city rail
Locale Midwestern United States
Predecessor Hoosier State
First service December 17, 1999
Last service July 5, 2003
Successor Hoosier State
Current operator(s) Amtrak
Route
Start Chicago
Stops 6
End Louisville
Distance travelled 312 miles (502 km)
Service frequency Daily
Train number(s) 850/851
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Track owner(s) LI, CSXT, CN, UP, Metra
Route map
Dist. Station
0 mi Chicago
Illinois/Indiana border
29 mi 
47 km 
Dyer
74 mi 
119 km 
Rensselaer
122 mi 
196 km 
Lafayette
149 mi 
240 km 
Crawfordsville
196 mi 
315 km 
Indianapolis
Cardinal to Washington, D.C.
307 mi 
494 km 
Jeffersonville
14th Street Bridge (Ohio River)
Indiana/Kentucky border
312 mi 
502 km 
Louisville

The Kentucky Cardinal was a nightly 312-mile (502 km) passenger train operated by Amtrak from 1999 to 2003 between Chicago, Illinois, and Louisville, Kentucky, via Indianapolis, Indiana. On the three days that the Cardinal ran, the Kentucky Cardinal operated as a section, splitting at Indianapolis. On the other four days, it ran on its own to Chicago.

History[edit]

Until August 1974, the Floridian ran from Chicago to Florida via Indianapolis and Louisville. Due to poor track conditions on the Penn Central trackage in Indiana, the train was rerouted to the west north of Nashville, Tennessee. In April 1975 the train was routed back east, again serving Louisville, but using a new alignment bypassing Indianapolis to the west. The Floridian ran via Louisville until its demise in October 1979.

On December 17, 1999, the Kentucky Cardinal started running as an extension of the Hoosier State, which ran four days a week between Chicago and Indianapolis (filling in the gaps in the Cardinal schedule). The train, operated along trackage that had last been used by the Floridian in 1974, was an attempt to attract express business from United Parcel Service, which maintains its air-express hub at Louisville International Airport. At first the train only ran from Indianapolis south to Jeffersonville, Indiana, where a new Amtrak Mail and Express facility was built. The city of Louisville spent $370,000 in 2001 to renovate its Union Station for the service, and on December 4 the Kentucky Cardinal started to use a new track on the west side of the Union Station parking lot.

The train was handicapped by inconvenient departure and arrival times and slow travel times, especially on the segment from Indianapolis south to Louisville. This segment was operated over the Louisville and Indiana Railroad, which had purchased the line from Conrail in 1994, and had a speed limit of 30 miles per hour (50 km/h) over most of the route due to its jointed rail. This made travel on the Kentucky Cardinal slower than automobile traffic on the parallel Interstate 65.

With the opening in 1999, Greyhound began running Thruway Motorcoach bus connections from Jeffersonville south to Nashville, Tennessee, with stops at Elizabethtown and Bowling Green, Kentucky. Though rail passenger advocates tried to get the train's route extended to Nashville in an effort to increase ridership, Amtrak lost its mail contract, and the Kentucky Cardinal last ran July 4, 2003, restoring the old Hoosier State on July 6 (the Cardinal ran both ways on July 5).

Route details[edit]

For details north of Indianapolis, see Hoosier State.

The tracks used were originally part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, and are now owned by the Louisville and Indiana Railroad. The following lines were used:

Station stops[edit]

The Kentucky Cardinal ran as trains 850 southbound and 851 northbound. Three days of the week, it was grouped with the Cardinal, trains 50 and 51, north of Indianapolis. The Kentucky Cardinal made the following station stops:

Kentucky
Indiana
Illinois

References[edit]

External links[edit]