Kentucky Oaks

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For season point system, see Road to the Kentucky Oaks.
Kentucky Oaks
Grade 1 race
Garland of Star Gazer Lillies.jpg
Lillies for the Fillies
Location Churchill Downs
Louisville, Kentucky, USA
Inaugurated 1875
Race type Thoroughbred
Website www.kentuckyoaks.com
Race information
Distance 1 18 miles
Surface Dirt
Track Left-handed
Qualification 3-year-old fillies
Weight 121 lb (55 kg)
Purse US$1 million
1st: $600,000

The Kentucky Oaks is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbred fillies staged annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States. The race currently covers 1 18 miles (1,800 m) at Churchill Downs; the horses carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The Kentucky Oaks is held on the Friday before the Kentucky Derby each year. The winner gets a $600,000 purse and a large garland of lilies, affectionately called the "Lillies for the Fillies." A silver Kentucky Oaks Trophy is presented to the winner.

History[edit]

The first running of the Kentucky Oaks was on May 19, 1875 when Churchill Downs was known as the Louisville Jockey Club.[1] The race was founded by Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr. along with the Kentucky Derby, the Clark Handicap, and the Falls City Handicap.[2] The Oaks and the Derby are the oldest continuously contested sporting events in American history, and the only horse races to be held at their original site since their conception.[2] The Kentucky Oaks was modeled after the British Epsom Oaks. In the first race, the horse Vinaigrette won the then 1 12 mile race in a time of 2:39 34, winning a purse of $1,175. Since that race the Kentucky Oaks has been held each year.

The Kentucky Oaks is considered by some to be among the most popular horse races in American horse-racing society due to its high attendance. It attracts about 100,000 people in attendance a year since 2001's 127th running of the Kentucky Oaks.[3] In 1980 it was about 50,000 people and by 1989, it had reached about 67,000 people.[1] The attendance at the Kentucky Oaks ranks third in the continent and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Belmont Stakes and the Breeders' Cup. The attendance of the Kentucky Oaks typically only trails the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes, for more information see American Thoroughbred Racing top Attended Events.

The Kentucky Oaks, the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, and the Acorn Stakes are the counterparts to the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, held at Churchill Downs, Pimlico Race Course and Belmont Park, respectively. The "Filly Triple Crown", known as the Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing, is a series of three races at the Belmont Park and Saratoga Race Course. The National Thoroughbred Racing Association (NTRA) has considered changing the Triple Tiara series to the three counterparts of the Triple Crown.

In local culture[edit]

Despite the increasing number of out-of-state visitors who came to the race every year, the "Oaks" (as local residents simply refer to it) has always been considered to be a local event by the people of Kentuckiana (the Ohio Valley, centered around Louisville, and consisting of much of northern Kentucky and southern Indiana). Large crowds of Louisvillians and others from the Kentuckiana attend the Oaks annually and the infield of the race track hosts numerous musical attractions, boardwalk games, and food and alcoholic beverage vendors. Bringing in one's own alcohol is forbidden at Churchill Downs and many locals revel in finding ingenious ways to smuggle in their own libations, rather than pay the inflated prices inside Churchill Downs. Most every school and quite a few businesses in the Kentuckiana region treat the Oaks as a holiday. Perhaps out of self-consciousness for the gambling aspect of the race, none of the region's schools declare that the holiday is explicitly because of the Oaks and most simply say it is an "administrative holiday."

Changes in distance[edit]

The Kentucky Oaks has been run at four different distances:

  • 1875-1890, the race was 1 12 miles;
  • 1891-1895, it was 1 14 miles;
  • 1896-1919, it was 1 116 miles;
  • 1920-1941, changed to 1 18 miles;
  • 1942-1981, run at 1 116 miles; and
  • 1982, set at 1 18 miles, and it has been that distance since.[1]

Records[edit]

Speed record:

  • The fastest time to finish the 1 18 mile race is 1:48.64 set in 2003 by Bird Town. The fastest time for the 1 12 mile race is 2:39 by the horses Felicia set in 1877, tied by Belle of Nelson in 1878 and tied again Katie Creel in 1882. The 1 14 mile race record is held by Selika set in 1894 at 2:15. The record for the 1 116 mile race is 1:43.6 set be Ari’s Mona in 1950 and tied by Sweet Alliance in 1977.[1]

Largest winning margin:

Longest shot to win the Oaks:

Most wins by a jockey:

Female Jockeys to win:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

Only brothers to both win the Kentucky Oaks:

Carl used the original German spelling of "Goose," which one of a few spellings was "Ganz," but also Gantz, Gans, and so on. [9] The Goose brothers are cousins of Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr.,[10] the founder of the Louisville Jockey Club.

Winners of the Kentucky Oaks since 1875[edit]

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Distance
(Miles)
Time
Grade
2014 Untapable 3 Rosie Napravnik Steve Asmussen Winchell Thoroughbreds 1-1/8 1:48.68 I
2013 Princess of Sylmar 3 Mike E. Smith Todd Pletcher King of Prussia Stables 1-1/8 1:49.17 I
2012 Believe You Can 3 Rosie Napravnik J. Larry Jones Brereton C. Jones 1-1/8 1:49.50 I
2011 Plum Pretty 3 Martin Garcia Bob Baffert Peachtree Stable 1-1/8 1:49.50 I
2010 Blind Luck 3 Rafael Bejarano Jerry Hollendorfer Hollendorfer/DeDomenico/Carver 1-1/8 1:50.70 I
2009 Rachel Alexandra 3 Calvin Borel Hal R. Wiggins D. Morrison/M. Lauffer 1-1/8 1:48.87 I
2008 Proud Spell 3 Gabriel Saez J. Larry Jones Brereton C. Jones 1-1/8 1:50.01 I
2007 Rags to Riches 3 Garrett Gomez Todd Pletcher D. Smith & M. Tabor 1-1/8 1:49.99 I
2006 Lemons Forever 3 Mark Guidry Dallas Stewart L. Willis/T. Horton/Stewart 1-1/8 1:50.07 I
2005 Summerly 3 Jerry Bailey Steve Asmussen Winchell Thoroughbreds 1-1/8 1:50.23 I
2004 Ashado 3 John Velazquez Todd Pletcher Starlight Stables et al. 1-1/8 1:50.81 I
2003 Bird Town 3 Edgar Prado Nick Zito Marylou Whitney Stables 1-1/8 1:48.64 I
2002 Farda Amiga 3 Chris McCarron Paulo Lobo J. De Camargo et al. 1-1/8 1:50.41 I
2001 Flute 3 Jerry Bailey Robert J. Frankel Juddmonte Farms 1-1/8 1:48.85 I
2000 Secret Status 3 Pat Day Neil J. Howard W.S. Farish et al. 1-1/8 1:50.30 I
1999 Silverbulletday 3 Gary Stevens Bob Baffert Michael E. Pegram 1-1/8 1:49.92 I
1998 Keeper Hill 3 David R. Flores Robert J. Frankel John A. Chandler 1-1/8 1:52.06 I
1997 Blushing K.D. 3 Lonnie Meche Sam David, Jr. James & Sue Burns 1-1/8 1:50.29 I
1996 Pike Place Dancer 3 Corey Nakatani Jerry Hollendorfer J. Hollendorfer/G. Todaro 1-1/8 1:49.88 I
1995 Gal In A Ruckus 3 Herb McCauley John T. Ward, Jr. John C. Oxley 1-1/8 1:50.09 I
1994 Sardula 3 Ed Delahoussaye Brian A. Mayberry Ann & Jerry Moss 1-1/8 1:51.16 I
1993 Dispute 3 Jerry Bailey C. R. McGaughey III Ogden Mills Phipps 1-1/8 1:52.47 I
1992 Luv Me Luv Me Not 3 Fabio Arguello, Jr. Glenn Wismer Philip Maas 1-1/8 1:51.41 I
1991 Lite Light 3 Corey Nakatani Jerry Hollendorfer Oaktown Stable 1-1/8 1:48.80 I
1990 Seaside Attraction 3 Chris McCarron D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook Farm 1-1/8 1:52.80 I
1989 Open Mind 3 Angel Cordero, Jr. D. Wayne Lukas Eugene V. Klein 1-1/8 1:50.60 I
1988 Goodbye Halo 3 Pat Day Charlie Whittingham Hancock III/A. Campbell, Jr. 1-1/8 1:50.40 I
1987 Buryyourbelief 3 Jose A. Santos Laz Barrera D. S. Bray, Jr. 1-1/8 1:50.40 I
1986 Tiffany Lass 3 Gary Stevens Laz Barrera Aaron U. Jones 1-1/8 1:50.60 I
1985 Fran's Valentine 3 Pat Valenzuela Joseph Manzi Earl Scheib 1-1/8 1:50.00 I
1984 Lucky Lucky Lucky 3 Angel Cordero, Jr. D. Wayne Lukas Leslie Combs II/Equites St. 1-1/8 1:51.80 I
1983 Princess Rooney 3 Jacinto Vasquez Neil D. Drysdale Paula J. Tucker 1-1/8 1:50.80 I
1982 Blush With Pride 3 Bill Shoemaker D. Wayne Lukas Stonereath Farms 1-1/8 1:50.20 I
1981 Heavenly Cause 3 Laffit Pincay, Jr. Woody Stephens Ryehill Farm 1-1/16 1:43.80 I
1980 Bold 'n Determined 3 Ed Delahoussaye Neil Drysdale Saron Stable 1-1/16 1:44.80 I
1979 Davona Dale 3 Jorge Velasquez John M. Veitch Calumet Farm 1-1/16 1:47.20 I
1978 White Star Line 3 Eddie Maple Woody Stephens Newstead Farm 1-1/16 1:45.20 I
1977 Sweet Alliance 3 Chris McCarron Bud Delp Windfields Farm 1-1/16 1:43.60 II
1976 Optimistic Gal 3 Braulio Baeza LeRoy Jolley Diana M. Firestone 1-1/16 1:44.60 II
1975 Sun and Snow 3 Garth Patterson George T. Poole C. V. Whitney Stables 1-1/16 1:44.60 II
1974 Quaze Quilt 3 William Gavidia Thomas W. Kelley Fred W. Hooper 1-1/16 1:46.60 II
1973 Bag of Tunes 3 Danny Gargan George T. Poole C. V. Whitney Stables 1-1/16 1:44.20 II
1972 Susan's Girl 3 Victor Tejada John W. Russell Fred W. Hooper 1-1/16 1:44.20
1971 Silent Beauty 3 Kenny Knapp R. I. Fischer Leslie Combs Ⅱ 1-1/16 1:44.20
1970 Lady Vi-E 3 David Whited John Oxley A. H. & A. M. Stall 1-1/16 1:44.80
1969 Hail to Patsy 3 David Kassen Loyd Gentry, Jr. Walter Kitchen 1-1/16 1:44.40
1968 Dark Mirage 3 Manuel Ycaza Everett W. King Lloyd I. Miller 1-1/16 1:44.60
1967 Nancy Jr. 3 Johnny Sellers Stanley M. Rieser Hidden Valley Farm 1-1/16 1:44.00
1966 Native Street 3 Don Brumfield Les Lear Aisco Stable 1-1/16 1:44.80
1965 Amerivan 3 Ron Turcotte Mary D. Keim Mary D. Keim 1-1/16 1:44.40
1964 Blue Norther 3 Bill Shoemaker Wally Dunn Mrs. William R. Hawn 1-1/16 1:44.20
1963 Sally Ship 3 Manuel Ycaza Woody Stephens Cain Hoy Stable 1-1/16 1:44.80
1962 Cicada 3 Bill Shoemaker Casey Hayes Meadow Stable 1-1/16 1:44.60
1961 My Portrait 3 Braulio Baeza Chuck R. Parke Fred W. Hooper 1-1/16 1:47.00
1960 Make Sail 3 Manuel Ycaza Woody Stephens Cain Hoy Stable 1-1/16 1:44.20
1959 Wedlock 3 John L. Rotz Paul Shawhan Paul Shawhan 1-1/16 1:45.00
1959 Hidden Talent 3 Manuel Ycaza Woody Stephens Cain Hoy Stable 1-1/16 1:44.40
1958 Bug Brush 3 Eddie Arcaro Sylvester Veitch C. V. Whitney Stables 1-1/16 1:44.80
1957 Lori-El 3 Lois C. Cook Mike R. Soto Al Berke & M. R. Soto 1-1/16 1:44.80
1956 Princess Turia 3 Bill Hartack Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-1/16 1:44.80
1955 Lalun 3 Henry Moreno Loyd Gentry, Jr. Cain Hoy Stable 1-1/16 1:46.00
1954 Fascinator 3 Anthony DeSpirito Edward A. Neloy Maine Chance Farm 1-1/16 1:45.00
1953 Bubbley 3 Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-1/16 1:45.60
1952 Real Delight 3 Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-1/16 1:45.40
1951 How 3 Eddie Arcaro Horatio Luro Herman B. Delman 1-1/16 1:45.60
1950 Ari's Mona 3 William Boland John C. Hauer John C. Hauer 1-1/16 1:43.60
1949 Wistful 3 Gordon Glisson Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-1/16 1:47.40
1948 Challe Anne 3 Willie Garner W. U. Ridenour F. L. Flanders 1-1/16 1:48.60
1947 Blue Grass 3 Johnny Longden Willie Crump Arthur B. Hancock, Jr. 1-1/16 1:51.60
1946 First Page 3 James R. Layton C. A. Bidencope H. G. Jones 1-1/16 1:51.40
1945 Come and Go 3 Charles L. Martin J. Price Sallee Thomas Piatt 1-1/16 1:49.80
1944 Canina 3 John H. Adams Frank E. Childs Abe Hirschberg 1-1/16 1:48.60
1943 Nellie L. 3 Wendell Eads Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-1/16 1:48.60
1942 Miss Dogwood 3 John H. Adams John M. Goode Brownell Combs 1-1/16 1:47.00
1941 Valdina Myth 3 George King John J. Flanigan Valdina Farms 1-1/8 1:52.60
1940 Inscolassie 3 Bobby Vedder Ross O. Higdon Woolford Farm 1-1/8 1:54.40
1939 Flying Lill 3 Carroll Bierman Clifford Porter Mrs. C. H. Cleary 1-1/8 1:51.00
1938 Flying Lee 3 Leon Haas Duval A. Headley Hal Price Headley 1-1/8 1:52.80
1937 Mars Shield 3 Alfred Robertson Robert McGarvey Ethel V. Mars 1-1/8 1:53.40
1936 Two Bob 3 Raymond Workman James W. Healy C. V. Whitney Stables 1-1/8 1:52.60
1935 Paradisical 3 Glenn Fowler Al Miller Isaac J. Collins 1-1/8 1:51.20
1934 Fiji 3 Gilbert Elston T. B. Young Young Bros. 1-1/8 1:51.60
1933 Barn Swallow 3 Don Meade Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1-1/8 1:51.20
1932 Suntica 3 Anthony Pascuma Jack Whyte Willis Sharpe Kilmer 1-1/8 1:52.20
1931 Cousin Jo 3 Eugene James William Reed Charles Nuckols 1-1/8 1:53.00
1930 Alcibiades 3 Robert Finnerty Walter W. Taylor Hal Price Headley 1-1/8 1:52.60
1929 Rose of Sharon 3 Willie Crump Dan E. Stewart Johnson N. Camden, Jr. 1-1/8 1:51.00
1928 Easter Stockings 3 Willie Crump Kay Spence Audley Farm Stable 1-1/8 1:51.60
1927 Mary Jane 3 Danny Connelly S. S. Combs Gallaher & Combs 1-1/8 1:53.40
1926 Black Maria 3 Arthur Mortensen William H. Karrick William R. Coe 1-1/8 1:55.40
1925 Deeming 3 James McCoy C. B. Dailey C. B. Dailey 1-1/8 1:54.00
1924 Princess Doreen 3 Harry Stutts S. Miller Henderson Audley Farm Stable 1-1/8 1:51.80
1923 Untidy 3 John Corcoran Scott P. Harlan Helen Hay Whitney 1-1/8 1:53.00
1922 Startle 3 Danny Connelly J. I. Smith H. H. Hewitt 1-1/8 1:52.60
1921 Nancy Lee 3 Linus McAtee John H. McCormack P. A. Clark 1-1/8 1:50.40
1920 Lorraine 3 Danny Connelly J. C. Milam Johnson N. Camden, Jr. 1-1/8 1:58.40
1919 Lillian Shaw 3 T. Murray John H. McCormack J. R. Livingston 1-1/16 1:45.00
1918 Viva America 3 W. Warrington W. N. Potts C. T. Worthington 1-1/16 1:46.80
1917 Sunbonnet 3 Johnny Loftus Walter B. Jennings A. Kingsley Macomber 1-1/16 1:46.80
1916 Kathleen 3 Roscoe Goose Pete Coyne George J. Long 1-1/16 1:47.40
1915 Waterblossom 3 E. Martin George Denny Thomas McDowell 1-1/16 1:46.60
1914 Bronzewing 3 W. Obert D. Lehan A. P. Humphrey 1-1/16 1:45.60
1913 Cream 3 Carl Ganz A. Baker C. C. Van Meter 1-1/16 1:47.60
1912 Flamma 3 James Butwell J. Duffy E. F. Condran 1-1/16 1:51.20
1911 Bettie Sue 3 Ted Rice D. Huestis A. Brown 1-1/16 1:48.00
1910 Samaria 3 Richard Scoville W. McDaniel J. P. Ross & Co. 1-1/16 1:50.20
1909 Floreal 3 Heidel W. H. Fizer W. H. Fizer 1-1/16 1:49.20
1908 Ellen-a-Dale 3 Vincent Powers George Denny Thomas McDowell 1-1/16 1:46.60
1907 Wing Ting 3 J. Lee J. S. Hawkins J. S. Hawkins 1-1/16 1:50.20
1906 King's Daughter 3 E. Robinson Thomas McDowell Thomas McDowell 1-1/16 1:47.80
1905 Janeta 3 D. Austin R. L. Rogers Cassin & Rogers 1-1/16 1:49.75
1904 Audience 3 Almer Helgesen K. Patterson Sam S. Brown 1-1/16 1:51.00
1903 Lemco 3 John Reiff Frank Kelly Edward Corrigan 1-1/16 1:49.75
1902 Wainamoinen 3 M. Coburn H. J. Talbot Talbot Bros. 1-1/16 1:51.25
1901 Lady Schorr 3 J. Woods John F. Schorr John W. Schorr 1-1/16 1:53.00
1900 Etta 3 Monk Overton Edward D. Brown Ed Brown & Co. 1-1/16 1:48.00
1899 Rush 3 J. Hill Thomas McDowell Thomas McDowell 1-1/16 1:52.50
1898 Crocket 3 J. Hill L. Cahn J. C. Cahn 1-1/16 1:51.50
1897 White Frost 3 Thomas H. Burns L. C. Davis E. S. Gardner & Son 1-1/16 1:49.00
1896 Soufflé 3 C. Thorpe J. Healy J. M. Murphy 1-1/16 1:54.50
1895 Voladora 3 Alonzo Clayton Not found Pastime Stable 1-1/4 2:16.75
1894 Selika 3 Alonzo Clayton John H. Morris Bashford Manor Stable 1-1/4 2:15.00
1893 Monrovia 3 J. Reagan Edward D. Brown Edward D. Brown 1-1/4 2:16.00
1892 Miss Dixie 3 H. Ray M. Danaher Col. J. E. Pepper 1-1/4 2:14.50
1891 Miss Hawkins 3 T. Britton H. J. Talbot Talbot Bros. 1-1/4 2:18.25
1890 English Lady 3 Hollis Not found Scoggan Bros. 1-1/2 2:42.50
1889 Jewel Ban 3 John Stoval W. Clay John T. Clay 1-1/2 2:41.00
1888 Ten Penny 3 Andrew McCarthy, Jr. Not found M. Welsh 1-1/2 2:42.00
1887 Florimore 3 Johnston D. W. Kelly T. H. Stevens 1-1/2 2:40.75
1886 Pure Rye 3 Edward Garrison Not found Melbourne Stable 1-1/2 2:41.00
1885 Lizzie Dwyer 3 Fuller John W. Rogers Edward Corrigan 1-1/2 2:40.75
1884 Modesty 3 Isaac Murphy John W. Rogers Edward Corrigan 1-1/2 2:48.25
1883 Vera 3 John Stoval J. Pate R. C. Pate 1-1/2 2:39.75
1882 Katie Creel 3 John Stoval C. A. Johnson Johnson & Co. 1-1/2 2:39.00
1881 Lucy May 3 Wolfe Not found R. F. Johnson 1-1/2 2:41.00
1880 Longitude 3 Jim McLaughlin Not found J. G. Malone 1-1/2 2:41.75
1879 Liahtunah 3 Hightower Not found J. A. Grinstead 1-1/2 2:40.25
1878 Belle of Nelson 3 Booth Not found Mattingly & Co. 1-1/2 2:39.00
1877 Felicia 3 W. James Not found J. W. Reynolds 1-1/2 2:39.00
1876 Necy Hale 3 W. James Not found F. B. Harper 1-1/2 2:42.50
1875 Vinaigrette 3 J. Houston Not found A. B. Lewis & Co. 1-1/2 2:39.75

Notes[edit]

  • In 1924, Glide finished first but was disqualified for fouling.
  • In 1959 the race was run in two divisions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kentucky Oaks History". Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. 
  2. ^ a b John E. Kleber, The Encyclopedia of Louisville, Louisville, KY: University Press of Kentucky, p.467 ISBN 0-8131-2100-0
  3. ^ Bob Chip Nold, Insiders' Guide to Louisville, Kentucky & Southern Indiana, 2nd edition, Globe Pequot, p.175 ISBN 1-57380-043-0
  4. ^ "Rachel Alexandra Kentucky Oaks Churchill Downs Kentucky Derby - ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. 2009-05-04. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  5. ^ Horseracing.about.com 2006 Kentucky Oaks Results
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "Roscoe Goose - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". Secure.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  8. ^ "Family Members of Mine". Brennancallan.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  9. ^ "Family Members of Mine". Brennancallan.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  10. ^ [2][dead link]

External links[edit]