Kentucky Route 9

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"KY 9" redirects here. For the former congressional district, see Kentucky's 9th congressional district.

Kentucky Route 9 AA Highway

Kentucky Route 9
AA Highway
Route information
Maintained by KYTC
Length: 116.285 mi[1] (187.143 km)
Major junctions
South end: KY 1 / KY 7 in Grayson
  I‑64
I‑275 in Wilder
US 27 in Alexandria
North end: KY 8 in Newport
Location
Counties: Carter, Lewis, Mason, Bracken, Pendleton, Campbell
Highway system
KY 8 KY 10

Kentucky Route 9 (KY 9) is a state highway maintained by the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet in the U.S. state of Kentucky. The route runs from Newport (a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio) to Grayson, roughly paralleling the Ohio River between Newport and Vanceburg.

Most of its route, from the Interstate 275 loop at Wilder to Grayson, is also known as the AA Highway (officially, the "John Y. Brown, Jr. AA Highway"). KY 10 forms a branch of the AA Highway between Vanceburg and the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge in Grays Branch, near Greenup.

Route description[edit]

High accident rate[edit]

The AA Highway is a rural two-lane highway for most of its length and traverses through some desolate terrain.[2] Driver inattention and speeding, in combination with the numerous side road entrances and at-grade intersections have made it a dangerous and deadly road. To address these issues, guide signs comparable to interstate-styled signs have been installed along the highway at major intersections, along with additional overhead lighting. Other measures to improve safety and increase capacity are under consideration.

History[edit]

The AA Highway was envisioned as a modern highway from Alexandria to Ashland.[3]

Construction began in 1985 on the first segment of the AA Highway.[3] Estimated to cost $266 million to complete, it was designed primarily as a two-lane controlled-access facility. The first phase included the construction of 86 miles (138 km) of the AA Highway from the junction of Interstate 275 and Licking Pike (existing KY 9) in Campbell County east to Vanceburg. The first phase also included the design of two twenty-five mile-long spurs running east from Vanceburg, one ending at US 23 near Lloyd and the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge, the other ending near Interstate 64 in Grayson.

A view of KY9/10 entering Maysville at the intersection of KY9/10 with U.S. 68 & U.S. 62

When construction began, the costs for the first phase had risen to $292.7 million;[3] the state had sold $300 million in bonds to pay for it. Segments of the highway, from Clarksburg just west of Vanceburg to Tollesboro was routed on an earlier relocated alignment of KY 10.

It officially opened in 1995, however, it was not formally dedicated until 2003.

AA Highway/KY 10 in Greenup County, Kentucky
AA Highway/KY 10 in Greenup County, Kentucky

Numbering quagmire[edit]

The AA Highway including the Greenup spur was originally designated as KY 546, and the Grayson spur was signed as KY 694. On May 26, 1988, the designation, "AA Highway," was proposed to be signed along with KY 546 and KY 694. A few years later, this designation was put in place with the AA Highway being co-signed with KY 546 and KY 694, however, many motorists were soon confused by the ever changing designations.

To solve this issue, the AA Highway was renumbered in late-1995. The AA Highway including the Grayson spur was renumbered KY 9, and the Greenup spur was renumbered as KY 10. KY 10 also overlaps portions of the AA Highway throughout the entire highway's existence. Old KY 9 in Campbell county was renumbered as KY 915, and old KY 10 between Vanceburg and South Portsmouth was redesignated as KY 8.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Carter   0.000 0.000 KY 1 / KY 7 to I‑64 – Grayson, Greenbo Lake State Resort Park, Grayson Lake State Park Southern terminus
  1.078 1.735 KY 1959
  5.486 8.829 KY 7 south Southern end of KY 7 overlap
  6.498 10.458 KY 7 north – Carter City Northern end of KY 7 overlap
  11.324 18.224 KY 2 / KY 7 – Carter City
  12.821 20.633 KY 1773 east Northern terminus of KY 1773
Lewis   22.690 36.516 KY 1149 south Southern end of KY 1149 overlap
  22.899 36.852 KY 1306 north Western terminus of KY 1306
  26.310 42.342 KY %route% (AA Hwy.) east / KY 10 east – South Shore, Greenup, Ashland Southern end of KY 10 overlap
  27.265 43.879 KY 1149 north Northern end of KY 1149 overlap
Vanceburg 29.467 47.423 KY 59 – Olive Hill, Vanceburg
  31.011 49.907 KY 2523 north Southern terminus of KY 2523
Clarksburg 32.827 52.830 KY 3037 north Southern terminus of KY 3037
Charters 36.815 59.248 KY 989 south Northern terminus of KY 989
Ribolt 42.518 68.426 KY 10 west Northern end of KY 10 overlap
  46.642 75.063 KY 57 – Flemingsburg, Tollesboro
Mason   49.685 79.960 KY 1234 east Southern end of KY 1234 overlap
  50.078 80.593 KY 1237
  50.222 80.824 KY 1234 west Northern end of KY 1234 overlap
  50.979 82.043 KY 3161 north Southern terminus of KY 3161
  53.261 85.715 KY 1449 – Orangeburg
  55.955 90.051 KY 3313
  56.832 91.462 KY 1448 east Southern end of KY 1448 overlap
Maysville 57.040 91.797 KY 11 / KY 1448 west – Flemingsburg, Maysville Northern end of KY 1448 overlap
58.451 94.068 KY 1448
59.736 96.136
US 62 / US 68 Bus. / KY 10 east – Lexington, Maysville
south end of KY 10 overlap
61.875 99.578 US 68 – Lexington, Aberdeen, OH, Ripley, OH interchange
  65.378 105.216 KY 3056 east Western terminus of KY 3056
  65.606 105.583 KY 10 west – Germantown Northern end of KY 10 overlap
  66.545 107.094 KY 435 – Minerva
Bracken   72.799 117.159 KY 2370 (Dutch Ridge Road)
  74.567 120.004 KY 19 – Brooksville, Augusta, Mount Olivet, Augusta Historic District
  76.772 123.553 KY 875 – Chatham, Gertrude
Woolcott 79.280 127.589 KY 1159 – Brooksville, Mount Olivet
  82.606 132.941 KY 1109 – Bradford, Johnsville
  85.877 138.206 KY 1019 – Lenoxburg, Foster
  87.830 141.349 KY 2228 east to KY 8 – Foster Western terminus of KY 2228
Pendleton   89.174 143.512 KY 159 south – Kincaid Lake State Park Northern terminus of KY 159
  91.711 147.595 KY 154 to KY 8 – Peach Grove
Campbell   93.717 150.823 KY 2828 east (Ivor Road) – Carntown Western terminus of KY 2828
Flagg Spring 94.941 152.793 KY 735 to KY 10 – Mentor
  99.316 159.834 KY 1996 (Carthage Road)
  101.238 162.927 KY 1997 to KY 10 / KY 547
  103.405 166.414 KY 547 – Alexandria, Silver Grove interchange
  105.348 169.541 KY 709 west (East Alexandria Pike)
Cold Spring 107.148 172.438 US 27 interchange (exit 14)
109.337 175.961 KY 915 south (Licking Pike) to KY 10 Northern terminus of KY 915
Wilder 109.755 176.634 KY 1998 east Western terminus of KY 1998
111.037 178.697 I‑275 to I‑71 / I‑75 / I‑471 – Airport I-275 exit 77; north end of AA Highway
113.196 182.171 KY 2345 east (Johns Hill Road) Northern terminus of KY 2345
113.400 182.500 KY 1632 east (Moock Road) Western terminus of KY 1632
Newport 115.666 186.146 KY 1120 (West Eleventh Street)
116.231 187.056 KY 8 east (5th Street)
116.285 187.143 KY 8 west (4th Street) Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Future[edit]

The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet is proposing widening and correcting some deficiencies and addressing growing traffic concerns along the AA Highway from its western terminus near Covington to Maysville.[2] Several options are being considered, such as: removing some of the at-grade intersections, widening to four lanes from two with partial control access, and full control access.

The AA Highway widening study was undertaken. Many residents and users of the road were concerned about intersection safety, while others discussed the high volume of traffic and the lack of passing lanes. Four alternatives were considered:

  • Alternate One: Do Nothing/No-Build
    • This alternate involves no action to improve the roadway other than maintenance. It was not favored as it does not address any of the project goals. According to the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet: "Design Year 2025 traffic would operate at an LOS of E or F for the entire corridor. Sight distance, intersection safety, and speed differential problems would remain." Cost: None
  • Alternate Two: Safety/Operational Improvements
    • This alternate involves low cost improvements to the roadway. This alternative would only partially meet the project goals. It would increase the safety of the roadway but does not provide adequate capacity for design year traffic 2025. This alternate received considerable support. Cost: $100,000 to $30,000,000
      • Rumble Strips: The KY 9 corridor has an "unusually large percentage of vehicle collisions with guardrails." Adding rumble strips would reduce these types of crashes by alerting the inattentive driver that they are leaving the roadway. "This also can potentially reduce the occurrence of drivers using the shoulders to pass vehicles because the audible and physical vibration would cause driver discomfort." The transportation cabinet is also "conducting a field evaluation of center-line rumble strips." During rainy conditions, the centerlines on the roadway would be further enhanced (visibility-wise) by the angle of the reflective painting on the strips.
      • Field Entrances: Many of the field entrances, as indicated by the overgrowth of grass and shrubbery, that many are used infrequently. A lot of these entrances are located close to one another but cannot be combined due to the terrain. Entrances with poor sight distances should be considered for elimination. This may reduce crashes by eliminating merging and diverging traffic at these intersections.
      • Driveway Entrances: These are very bad, as most have insufficient radii with guardrail placed too close to the edge of the pavement. Many entrances do not have right turn lanes, lighting, appropriate width, or a sufficient clear-zone.
      • Truck Climbing Lanes: Some truck lanes begin too late into the steep grade of the hill to be really effective; others end too close to intersections. Delineators need to be added from the merge points to provide more time for the traffic to merge.
      • Entrance Signs: Not all intersections are marked with a cross-road sign. Signage on the roadway should be assessed periodically to "confirm compliance with the MUTCD."
      • Turn Flares: Many intersections have sufficient pavement to improve the turning radius onto side roads but "are not striped accordingly." These intersections should be restriped.
      • T-Intersection Signage: Black-on-yellow double arrow warning signs at key intersections may be added to alert motorists of the side route's junction with KY 9.
      • Fog: The entire KY 9 corridor is plagued by fog, usually more than 60 days a year. A public education campaign may help. Visibility sensors and weather stations along the highway may help increase notification in these fog events. Highway Advisory Radio messages may also prove to be a benefit. Another major alternative would be the "automated lane indication system," which is similar to airport technology. Lighting installed in the pavement outlining the lane edges is "activated automatically when heavy fog conditions are sensed. By having the lanes outlined, the lights greatly increase visibility conditions in times of heavy fog, thus creating safer operating conditions. Additionally, these lights are recessed into the pavement so as not to hinder snow removal operations. Since they are used at virtually every commercial airport in the United States, the lights are readily available and qualified installation services are easily attainable. This type of system has been used successfully in many locations, including Interstate 64 near Charlottesville, Virginia." Rest areas, to keep vehicles and trucks off the road during fog times, may provide a "safe haven".
      • Lighting: A few intersections along the route are currently lacking overhead lighting. Many complaints, however, is the lack lighting overall on the corridor. Roadway lighting can reduce the ratio of night to day crashes. Intersections without lighting should be reconsidered for lighting, as they can reduce nighttime crashes by 45%.
      • Driver Fatigue: Numerous crashes are attributed to driver fatigue. Many fatal crossover crashes can be attributed to the drivers falling asleep at the wheel. Public awareness, rumble strips, and rest areas are all solutions to this problem. Landscaping, improved lighting, roadside and pavement reflective markings, and billboards which could be targeted toward drowsy drivers have been discussed as well. Median barriers may also be installed, but they cost around $80,000 to $1,000,000 per mile depending on the need to widen the road to accommodate the barrier.
      • Truck Traffic: A large volume of trucks utilize the AA Highway, some to avoid safety checks or heavier speed enforcement. Truck weigh stations may make the route safer for automobiles.
      • Deer Collisions: Deer reflectors have been proven to work successfully where white tail deer are problematic to vehicular travel. These cost around $8,000 per mile and would not need to be installed in the entire project area and would require minimal maintenance needs.
      • Intersection Delineation: Pavement marking on the side of KY 9 are rarely seen at intersections. The white stripe either "abruptly stops or curves with the radii of the intersecting road. This prevents drivers, especially in nighttime and fog conditions, from clearly seeing the driving lanes. Skip reflectors should be continued through the intersections to delineate the KY 9 roadway lane from the adjoining road. This will allow motorists to clearly see the driving lanes at all times through the intersection, and allows vehicles approaching the highway to determine the edge of KY 9."
  • Alternate Three: Four Lane Facility with Limited Access
    • This alternate considers the widening of the roadway throughout the study area with an additional travel lane in both directions. This can be done by using a concrete barrier wall or a depressed grass median. Access points would be spaced at a minimum of 1,200' apart. There would be a total of 4 12' lanes and 12' shoulders with both options. Several access points in each county would be closed or relocated to ensure minimum spacing.
    • Frontage roads may be used to link driveways that currently have KY 9 access. This would control the locations of incoming and outgoing traffic on the roadway. Relocation impacts would be minor.
    • This alternate meets all project goals for design year 2025. It provides adequate capacity, improves roadway geometries, and eliminates sight-distance concerns. It would also reduce the number of crashes because of side road access improvements. It would also reduce the speed differentials created by "merging and diverging traffic in the truck lanes and intersections. Also, merging and diverging traffic at intersections would have a lane to turn into without fear of an impending rear-end collision."
    • Cost: $12,887,000 (design), $3,589,000 (right of way acquisition), $540,000 (utilities), $161,082,000 (construction): $178,098,000 (TOTAL)
    • Alternate 3 was highly favored.
  • Alternate Four: Four Lane Facility with Fully Controlled Access
    • This alternate is similar to alternate 3, but this alternate calls for a fully controlled access highway, similar to a freeway. In order to reduce the right of way needed, a 30-foot (9.1 m) median with a concrete barrier should be considered. This will provide the "safety aspects of a median, without the added right of way width (and associated costs) required for a 60-foot (18 m) depressed grass median."
    • Simple diamond interchanges, for the sake of the study and to estimate the expected cost, was used. No interchange decisions have been made in reality. This would require 476 acres (1.93 km2) of additional right of way compared to alternate 3. The number of relocations total approximately 95 residences and 1 business, and would require the closure or relocation of numerous entrances.
    • Alternate 4 meets all project goals but at a much higher cost than alternate 3. The public perception of this alternate was not as favorable as it was to alternate 3 due to higher costs, the large number of relocations, and limited access. "The potential impacts to the area, including relocations, cultural-historic, archaeological and environmental sites, are much higher than Alternate 3."
    • Cost: $33,860,000 (design), $19,410,000 (right of way acquisition), $2,140,000 (utilities), $423,252.000 (construction): $478,662,000 (TOTAL)

Two median types were considered: a concrete barrier wall and a depressed grass median. Mountable medians in rural areas are not recommended. With each median type option, there would be 12-foot (3.7 m) travel lanes and 12-foot (3.7 m) shoulders. The depressed grass median would be 40 to 60 feet (18 m), separating the two opposing traffic flows effectively. Due to the high speed of travel, access control with a minimum of 12,000 feet (3,700 m) is recommended for the limited access alternate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Division of Planning. "Official Milepoint Route Log Extract". Highway Information System. Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. Possible KY 9 Improvements. Division of Planning. 2004 [1][dead link].
  3. ^ a b c Davis, Merlene. "SEVERAL PROJECTS HELPING TO EASE AREA'S TRAFFIC WOES." Herald-Leader [Lexington] 27 Jan. 1985. 10 Jan. 2007.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing