Kenya Police

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Kenya Police Service
Polisi wa Kenya
Common name Kenya Police
Karau/Polisi
Kenya Police Patch.png
The Kenya Police patch.
Kenya Police Flag.gif
Flag of the Kenya Police
Motto Utumishi kwa Wote
(English: "Service to All")
Agency overview
Formed 1906 [1]
Employees 35,000 (approx),[2]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Kenya location map Copy.png
Map of Kenya Police Service's jurisdiction.
Size 581,309 square kilometres (224,445 sq mi)
Population 44,354,000
Legal jurisdiction Kenya
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Vigilance House, Harambee Ave, Nairobi
Agency executive Inspector General, David Mwole Kimaiyo
Parent agency Kenya
Units
Counties Counties of Kenya
Facilities
Airbases Wilson Airport
Mil Mi-17, MBB Bo 105 Cessnas 15
Website
kenyapolice.go.ke
General Service Unit police condon off Uhuru Park to bar opposition from holding their mass protest rally: January 2008.

The Kenya Police is a national body in charge of law enforcement in Kenya. While organised at a national level, each arm reports to a County police authority, which in turn divides its force by local Police Divisions, headquartered at local police stations. All these element report to a National Kenya Police Headquarters in Nairobi, and several specialist elements, such as the Kenya Police College, are commanded directly from here. An Administration Police service is commanded through a hierarchy separate from that of the National Kenya Police.[3] For other state security bodies see Law enforcement in Kenya.

Current structure[edit]

The current Kenyan police force, consists of three forces which report to the Inspector-General of Police, and is a department of Ministry of Interior and Co-ordination of National Government,[4] one of the two ministries in the Office of the President. As of October 2003 the force fielded about 35,000 officers[5] and is divided into eleven service and one training formations, who work in divisions in each of the eight provinces. Each county is headed by a Provincial Police Officer (PPO); each province is further divided into police divisions headed by an Officer Commanding Police Division (OCPD) normally in the rank of Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP). The police divisions are divided into police stations headed by an Officer Commanding Police Station (OCS). National Kenya Police Headquarters is located at Vigilance House on Harambee Avenue in Nairobi's Central Business District (CBD). The inspector general is responsible for all administrative and personnel matters affecting the force. The Kenya Police is governed by the force standing orders which establishes the formation of various units and their scope of work. Every unit of the Kenya Police Service now undergoes specialized officer corps training from world class experts. Among the international police training associations that have been given this arduous task, the most notable are the World Police Academy in Canada and the Dallas Police Department in USA. The World Police Academy is a premier police training institution that is also a global security and police think tank. It offers democracies in developing economies the opportunity to introduce Canadian policing standards into the senior ranks of their police forces.[6] Getting this academy to undertake this training was achieved by the progressive thinking of current Kenyan police chiefs. The Dallas Police Department has a recognizable brand of policing and their systems are respected in many areas of the USA. Securing the training from such renowned training institutions is a positive approach for the future security of Kenya.

Current Formations[edit]

The current Inspector General is David Mwole Kimaiyo following the introduction of the position to replace the police commissioner. The immediate former police commissioner is Mathew Kirai Iteere who is also the former General Service Unit (GSU) commandant.[7] He was deputised by the Principal Deputy Police Commissioner, Francis Okonya. Julius Ndegwa is the Director of Police Operations. The Kenya Police is divided into the following formations;[8] the unit commandants/directors generally hold the rank of Senior Deputy Commissioner of Police (S/DCP) I or II, or Senior Assistant Commissioner of Police (S/ACP):

  1. General Service Unit (GSU): both headquarters and training school are in Nairobi; the Commandant is William Atschwenje Saiya
  2. Anti Stock Theft Unit: it is situated at Gilgil in Naivasha district, 117 km from Nairobi
  3. Criminal Investigation Department: It is headquartered in Karura, Nairobi. In August 2010 Ndegwa Muhoro was appointed CID Director[9]
  4. Traffic Police Department: headed by Aggrey J. Adoli, with main offices in Nairobi
  5. Kenya Police College: located in Kiganjo; commanding officer is Peter Kavila
  6. Kenya Police Air Wing: has its offices in Nairobi, led by Gilbert Gitonga Hezekiel
  7. Kenya Railways Police: commanded in Nairobi by Joseph M. Oletito
  8. Kenya Police Dog Unit: unit chief is Dr Hamisi Salim Massa in Nairobi
  9. Tourism Police Unit: led by Jostine Barmao with offices in Old Nairobi Area Provincial Police Hqrs.
  10. Kenya Airports Police Unit: headed by Beatrice Nduta Kihara with offices in Nairobi and three divisions (Nairobi, Eldoret, Moi airports)
  11. Maritime Police Unit: headquartered at Kilindini Harbour in Mombasa, commanded by Stanley Lenamai
  12. Diplomatic Police Unit: Allan Sangaro leads the unit from the Nairobi offices

Societal impact[edit]

Police Vehicle in Kenya

Following a history of human rights abuses by the Kenya Police, efforts are being made to reform the force.[10] Kenyan policemen are poorly paid and have to make use with archaic housing that has not been expanded or renovated since the 1970s. This has made them very susceptible to corruption and crime. Extortion and bribery are not unknown practices and the Kenyan people rank the police among the most corrupt bodies in the country.[11][12] In July 2010 the Minister, Prof. George Saitoti, announced a 28% pay increase for junior officers and a 25% pay increase for senior officers. This reform means that the most junior officer, a Police Constable, shall receive Ksh 21,000/month including allowances.[13] [14]

Police ranks[edit]

Kenya Police Air Wing
Kenya Police Mil Mi-17

The Kenya Police wear badges of rank on the shoulders (Inspector-GeneralInspector) and sleeve (Senior SergeantConstable) of their uniform to denote their rank. In line with the ongoing reforms, the uniforms committee is also working on new insignia for the revised rank structure, which will have to be approved by the National Police Service Commission.[15] The order of Kenya Police ranks is as follows:[16]

Former Kenya Police ranks and insignia can be found at this reference.[17]

Commissioners of Police & Inspectors-General[edit]

The following officers have to date served in the capacity of Commissioner of Police:[18]

The following officers have served as Inspector-General:

Ongoing changes[edit]

Following the promulgation of the new Constitution of Kenya on 27 August 2010, as laid down in Chapter 17 Part 4, the Kenyan police forces is undergoing a series of reforms. Hence called The Kenya Police Service, it is now headed by an Inspector-General and the division of its functions are organised to take into account the devolved structure of government in Kenya.

Equipment[edit]

The equipment of the Kenya Police and General Service Unit (GSU) a paramilitary wing of the Kenyan Police comprises:

  • 1 AS350 B3e Ecureuil helicopter (January 2012) (France) June 2012 Crashed total loss, 6 fatalities.[21]
  • 7 Cessna aircraft, the latest (2011) being a Cessna 208 Caravan light aircraft (United States)
  • 3 Mil Mi-17 helicopters (Russia)
  • 1 MBB Bo 105 air ambulance helicopter (Germany)
  • 3 Bell-206 light helicopters[22] (United States)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.humanrightsinitiative.org/programs/aj/police/ea/articles/draft_strategic_plan_2003-07.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.interpol.int/Member-countries/Africa/Kenya
  3. ^ "(2010) Crime and Development in Kenya". 
  4. ^ "Kenya Police". Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government. 
  5. ^ "Kenya: The police service, including chain of command, officer ranks, badge identification, police headquarters and stations". UNHCHR. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  6. ^ "Welcome to World Police Academy". World Police Academy. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  7. ^ a b Daily Nation, 8 September 2009: Kibaki moves Ali, names new Kenya police boss
  8. ^ "Kenya Police Formation". Kenya Police. [dead link]
  9. ^ Kibaki names new CID boss "Kibaki names new CID boss". Daily Nation. 
  10. ^ kenyapolice.go.ke
  11. ^ Survey: Police are most corrupt in Kenya. United Press International. 18 July 2008
  12. ^ Kenya police still most corrupt. BBC News. 21 August 2007.
  13. ^ Kenya police get pay raise "Kenya police get pay raise". Daily Nation. 
  14. ^ "Crime and Development in Kenya". 
  15. ^ "Number of senior police ranks reduced to boost service". Business Daily Africa. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  16. ^ Commission on the Implementation of the Constitution. "The National Police Service (Amendment) Billl, 2013". Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  17. ^ Kenya Police. "Kenya Police - Insignia". Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  18. ^ "Former Commissioners". Kenya Police. [dead link]
  19. ^ a b Daily Nation website, 30 December 2008: Former police chief Nyaseda dies in hospital
  20. ^ http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000073579&story_title=Kenya-Kimaiyo-to-be-sworn-in-Monday
  21. ^ Kenya Police Air Wing-becomes-first-African-customer-to-operate-Eurocopter-s-enhanced-AS350B3e-helicopter_860.html
  22. ^ Kenya Security InformationInstitute for Security Studies retrieved on 28 May 2007

External links[edit]