Rugby has a long history in Kenya. Rugby Football Union of Kenya (RFU-K) was formed in 1923. The RFU-K was dissolved and the district unions incorporated into the Rugby Football Union of East Africa (RFUEA) upon its formation in 1956. After the formation of national unions in Uganda and Tanzania it was decided to form the Kenya Rugby Union in 1970 to combine the provincial unions within the country under a national union but still underneath the umbrella of the RFUEA.
The KRFU also oversees Kenyan schools rugby, including the Prescott Cup (for the nation's top tier clubs), and the Damu Pevu Shield (for second tier clubs and the second XV's of top tier clubs).