A Kenya representative rugby team first played against the Royal Navy on 27 July 1925.This game billed as the first representative game was played at the Royal Nairobi Club and Kenya won 11-3.Two Royal Navy teams the HMS Chatham & HMS Effingham toured that year. A touring Combined South African Universities in 1929, starting a long tradition of Kenya national teams playing touring universities (mostly South African), clubs and military units (mostly Royal Naval vessels). Kenya played its first international in 1954, beating Tanganyika although the score of the game is not known. This fixture was repeated in 1955 and 1956 and then in 1958 Kenya played Uganda. These two countries were the major source of opposition for the side during the ensuing decades with matches being played frequently but irregularly as political problems in the region often interfered with fixtures. Zambia and Zimbabwe also provided regular opposition from the mid-1970s until the late 1980s when the formation of the CAR and the expansion of the World Cup provided opportunities to play competitively against many other nations. Its biggest win is against Nigeria, 96-3 on 10 August 1987 and worst defeat against Namibia 12-84 on 27 May 2006.
The Kenyan sevens team takes part in international Rugby sevens competitions and has been more successful than their XV counterpart. Their breakthrough season was 2008–09, in which they made the semifinals of the 2009 Rugby World Cup Sevens and advanced to one final and two semifinals in that year'sIRB Sevens World Series. Before that, perhaps their most successful moment in sevens was beating rugby giant Australia in the London Sevens 2006, going on to reach the Final of the Plate competition. In the 2007 rugby sevens in New Zealand, Kenya went on to draw 2nd in their pot, beating such rugby giants as Argentina and Tonga, before being narrowly defeated in the quarter-finals by eventual runners-up Fiji.
The Kenyan national team were also included in the South African domestic Vodacom Cup competition in 2014. In early 2014, the KRU confirmed that they would compete in the competition. They would play in the Southern Section of the competition and be based in Cape Town, playing their home matches at City Park Stadium, Crawford.
Media sources started reporting in November 2013 that they would play in the competition pending clearance by the IRB, which was subsequently attained.
The South African Rugby Union confirmed their participation on 5 February 2014. The following day the KRU confirmed they will play as the Simba XV for the tournament (and known as Tusker Simba XV for sponsorship reasons).
^The first match for both Kenya and Tanzania (Tanganyika at the time) took place in 1954 at Arusha. It was held shortly before the First TuskersCopperbelt tour later that year and served as a selection trial for the tour. This match was won by Kenya though the exact score is not known. The next year the fixture was repeated, again at Arusha, Tanganyika winning by 11 points to 3. The third match occurred a year later in 1956, again at Arusha; Kenya winning this encounter 0-13.