Kenyan general election, 1992

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Kenyan presidential election, 1992
Kenya
29 December 1992 (1992-12-29) → 1997

  Daniel arap Moi.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Daniel arap Moi Kenneth Matiba
Party KANU FORD-Asili
Popular vote 1,962,866 1,404,266
Percentage 36.40 26.00

President before election

Daniel arap Moi

Elected President

Daniel arap Moi

Coat of arms of Kenya.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kenya
Foreign relations

General elections were held in Kenya on 29 December 1992, the first multi-party elections since independence. The results were marred by allegations of ballot-box stuffing, and targeted ethnic violence in the Rift Valley Province. Human Rights Watch accused several prominent Kenyan politicians, including President Daniel arap Moi and then-VP George Saitoti of inciting and co-ordinating the violence.[1] They were also the first elections to feature a ballot for the post of President, who had previously been elected by the National Assembly. Voter turnout was 69.4%.[2][3]

Results[edit]

Presidential election[edit]

National Results[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Daniel arap Moi Kenya African National Union 1,962,866 36.4
Kenneth Matiba Ford–Asili 1,404,266 26.0
Mwai Kibaki Democratic Party 1,050,617 19.5
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Ford–Kenya 944,197 17.5
George Anyona Kenya National Congress 15,393 0.3
John Harun Mwau PICK 6,449 0.1
David Mukaru Ng'ang'a Kenya Social Congress 14,253 0.3
Total 5,398,037 100

By province[edit]

Province Moi % Matiba % Kibaki % Odinga % Total
Nairobi 62,402 16.6 165,533 44.1 69,715 18.6 75,898 20.2 373,548
Central 21,882 2.1 621,368 60.1 372,937 36.1 10,765 1.0 1,026,952
Eastern 290,494 36.8 80,515 10.2 398,727 50.5 13,064 1.7 782,800
North Eastern 57,400 78.1 7,460 10.1 3,297 4.5 5,237 7.1 73,394
Coast 200,596 64.1 35,598 11.4 23,766 7.6 50,516 16.1 310,476
Rift Valley 994,844 67.8 274,011 18.7 111,098 7.6 83,945 5.7 1,463,898
Western 217,375 40.9 192,859 36.3 19,115 3.6 94,851 17.9 524,200
Nyanza 111,873 14.4 26,922 3.3 51,962 6.4 609,921 74.7 800,678
Total 1,956,866 1,404,266 1,050,617 944,197 5,398,037
Source: Multi-party Politics in Kenya [4]

Election Petition[edit]

In 1993 Kenneth Matiba filed a petition shortly after the 1992 general election however his failure to personally sign the petition resulted in the petition being struck out by Justice Riaga Omolo. Matiba, was physically incapacitated and had given his wife power of attorney. In 2012, Justice Omolo was declared unfit to serve in the judiciary by the Judges and Magistrates Vetting Board over this decision.[5]

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Kenya African National Union 1,327,691 24.5 100
Ford–Asili 1,118,247 20.6 31
Democratic Party 1,016,049 18.7 23
Ford–Kenya 928,364 17.1 31
Kenya National Congress 87,788 1.5 1
PICK 42,109 0.8 1
Kenya Social Congress 17,133 0.3 1
Kenyan National Democratic Alliance 771 0.0 0
Social Democratic Party 177 0.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 61,173 - -
Total 5,486,768 100 188
Source: Nohlen et al.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Human Rights Watch (1993), Divide and Rule: State Sponsored Ethnic Violence in Kenya
  2. ^ Elections held in 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union
  3. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p486 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  4. ^ Throup, David; Charles Hornsby (1998). Multi-Party Politics in Kenya: The Kenyatta & Moi States & the Triumph of the System in the 1992 Election. New York: Long House Publishing Services, Cumbria, UK. ISBN 0-8214-1206-X. , p. 435.
  5. ^ "WHY THIS ELETION MAY BE WON IN COURTS". The Star. 12 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.