Kepler-69

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Kepler-69
Kepler-69 and the Solar System.jpg
Comparison of the Kepler-69 System and the Solar System
Credit: NASA Ames/JPL-Caltech
Observation data
Epoch       Equinox
Constellation Cygnus[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]
Right ascension 19h 33m 02.62s
Declination +44° 52′ 08.0″
Apparent magnitude (V) 13.7[1]
Characteristics
Spectral type G4V[1]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) −38.7±0.1[1] km/s
Distance 2,700 ly (830 pc)[1][2] ly
Details
Mass 0.810+0.090
−0.081
[1] M
Radius 0.93+0.018
−0.012
[1] R
Surface gravity (log g) 4.40±0.15[1] cgs
Temperature 5638±168[1] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.29±0.15[1] dex
Other designations
Database references
SIMBAD data
Extrasolar Planets
Encyclopaedia
data

Kepler-69 (KOI-172, 2MASS J19330262+4452080, KIC 8692861) is a G-type main-sequence star similar to the Sun in the constellation Cygnus, located about 2,700 ly (830 pc) from Earth. On April 18, 2013 it was announced that the star has two planets.[1][2] Although initial estimates indicated that the terrestrial planet Kepler-69c might be within the star's habitable zone, further analysis showed that the planet very likely is interior to the habitable zone and is far more analogous to Venus than to Earth and thus completely inhospitable.[11]

Nomenclature and history[edit]

Prior to Kepler observation, Kepler-69 had the 2MASS catalogue number 2MASS J19330262+4452080. In the Kepler Input Catalog it has the designation of KIC 8692861, and when it was found to have transiting planet candidates it was given the Kepler object of interest number of KOI-172.

The Kepler Space Telescope search volume, in the context of the Milky Way Galaxy.

The star's planets were discovered by NASA's Kepler Mission, a mission tasked with discovering planets in transit around their stars. The transit method that Kepler uses involves detecting dips in brightness in stars. These dips in brightness can be interpreted as planets whose orbits move in front of their stars from the perspective of Earth. The name Kepler-69 derives directly from the fact that the star is the catalogued 69th star discovered by Kepler to have confirmed planets.

The designations b, c derive from the order of discovery. The designation of b is given to the first planet orbiting a given star, followed by the other lowercase letters of the alphabet.[12] In the case of Kepler-69, all of the known planets in the system were discovered at one time, so b is applied to the closest planet to the star and c to the farthest.

Stellar characteristics[edit]

Kepler-69 is a G-type star that is approximately 81% the mass of and 93% the radius of the Sun. It has a surface temperature of 5638 ± 168 K. In comparison, the Sun has a surface temperature of 5778 K.[13]

The star's apparent magnitude, or how bright it appears from Earth's perspective, is 13.7.[1] Therefore, Kepler-69 is too dim to be seen with the naked eye.

Kepler-69c - a Venus-like exoplanet orbiting a Sun-like star.

Kepler-69c, a Super-Earth-size exoplanet orbiting Kepler-69, a star like the Sun.

Comparison of Planet Sizes - Kepler-69c, Kepler-62e, Kepler-62f, and Earth.

Planetary system[edit]

Kepler-69 has two known planets orbiting around it. Kepler-69b is a hot super-Earth-sized exoplanet. Kepler-69c is a super-Earth-sized exoplanet, about 70% larger than the Earth. It receives a similar amount of flux from its star as Venus does from the sun, and is thus a likely candidate for a super-Venus.[11]


The Kepler-69 system[1]
Planet
(in order from star)
Maximum
mass (ME)
Semimajor
axis
(AU)
Orbital period (d) Orbital eccentricity Inclination (°) Radius (RE)
b  ? 0.094+0.023
−0.016
13.722341+3.5×10−5
−3.6×10−5
0.16+0.17
−0.0010
89.62+0.26
−0.45
2.24+0.44
−0.29
c  ? 0.64+0.15
−0.11
242.4613+0.0059
−0.0064
0.14+0.18
−0.10
85.85+0.03
−0.08
1.71+0.34
−0.23

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Barclay, Thomas; et al. (17 April 2013). "A super-Earth-sized planet orbiting in or near the habitable zone around Sun-like star". arXiv. arXiv:1304.4941v1. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Johnson, Michele; Harrington, J.D. (18 April 2013). "NASA's Kepler Discovers Its Smallest 'Habitable Zone' Planets to Date". NASA. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Overbye, Dennis (18 April 2013). "2 Good Places to Live, 1,200 Light-Years Away". New York Times. Retrieved 18 April 18. 
  4. ^ Staff (January 7, 2013). "Kepler KOI Search Results for KOI-172.02". Space Telescope Science Institute. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  5. ^ Staff. "NASA Exoplanet Archive-KOI-172.02". Caltech. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  6. ^ Graham, Keith P. (2008). "Star Finder for KIC=8692861". CThreePO.com. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  7. ^ Harrington, J. D.; Johnson, Michele (January 7, 2013). "NASA'S Kepler Mission Discovers 461 New Planet Candidates". NASA. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  8. ^ Moskowitz, Clara (January 9, 2013). "Most Earth-Like Alien Planet Possibly Found". Space.com. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  9. ^ Borucki, William J.; et al. (July 20, 2011). "Characteristics of planetary candidates observed by Kepler, II: Analysis of the first four months of data". The Astrophysical Journal 736: 19. arXiv:1102.0541. Bibcode:2011ApJ...736...19B. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/19. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  10. ^ Johnston, Wm. Robert (October 2, 2011). "List of Extrasolar Planets". JohnstonArchive.com. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c Kane, Stephen; et al. "A Potential Super-Venus in the Kepler-69 System". arXiv. 
  12. ^ Hessman, F. V.; Dhillon, V. S.; Winget, D. E.; Schreiber, M. R.; Horne, K.; Marsh, T. R.; Guenther, E.; Schwope, A. et al. (2010). "On the naming convention used for multiple star systems and extrasolar planets". arXiv:1012.0707 [astro-ph.SR]. Bibcode 2010arXiv1012.0707H.
  13. ^ Fraser Cain (15 September 2008). "Temperature of the Sun". Universe Today. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 19h 33m 02.62s, +44° 52′ 08.0″