Kepookalani

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Kepoʻokalani
Spouse Alapai Wahine
Keohohiwa
Nune
Issue Kamanawa ʻŌpio
ʻAikanaka
Father Kameʻeiamoku
Mother Kamakaʻeheikuli
Born c. 1760

Kepoʻokalani was a High Chief during the founding of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Two of his grandchildren would marry each other, and two of his great-grandchildren would be the last two ruling monarchs of the Kingdom.

Life[edit]

Kepookalani was born around 1760. His mother was Kamakaʻeheikuli and father was Kameʻeiamoku. He was half-cousin of Kamehameha I, and named after the only full brother of Kamehameha usually called Keliimaikai or Keapo o Kepoʻokalani. His notable half-brothers (with different mothers) were Hoʻolulu and Ulumāheihei Hoapili who both became close advisors to Kamehameha and were trusted to aid in his burial.[1] In the Hawaiian language, ke po'o ka lani means "the royal leader".[2] He married his cousin Chiefess Alapaʻi Wahine and they had a son Kamanawa II (c. 1785–1840) and another son Kapelakapuokakae.[3] Kamanawa was named after the Kamanawa who was a twin of Kepoʻokalani's father. Often he is called Kamanawa ʻŌpio or ʻElua because ʻōpio means "junior"[4] and ʻelua means "second" in Hawaiian.[5] Kamanawa has convicted of the murder of his wife in 1840 and executed.[6]

Kepoʻokalani also married High Chiefess Keohohiwa and had son ʻAikanaka (c. 1790–1868),[7] a child named Kalailua, and then married a Chiefess named Nune (spelled Nenew in some sources)[8] and had a daughter named Piʻianaiʻa.[9]

Kamanawa's son Ceasar Kapaʻakea (1815–1866) would marry ʻAikanaka's daughter Analea Keohokālole. They were half-cousins, since they shared only a grandfather, with different grandmothers. Their children were called the House of Kalākaua, including the last two ruling monarchs of the Kingdom: King David Kalākaua (1836–1891) and Queen Liliʻuokalani (1839–1893).[10] Kepoʻokalani was their "double great-grandfather" or "great-grandfather from both sides". This kind of family background was a desirable way to enhance the royal bloodlines at the time, but was attacked by the conservative missionaries later in the 19th century as incest. Even some of the other royals snubbed Kalākaua and did not congratulate him when he came to the throne in 1874.[11]

The Isaac Hale Beach Park on the island of Hawaii was named for a descendant who lived in the area named Isaac Kepoʻokalani Hale.[12]

Family tree[edit]

Kalaninuiamamao
 
Kapaihi-a-Ahu
 
Kameʻeiamoku
 
Kamakaʻeheikuli
 
Heulu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kaolanialii
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ululani
 
Keawe a Heulu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alapaiwahine
 
 
 
Kepoʻokalani
 
 
 
Keohohiwa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kamokuʻiki
(1795–1840)
 
Kamanawa ʻŌpio
(1785–1840)
 
 
 
ʻAikanaka
(1790–1868)
 
Kamaʻeokalani
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Caesar Kapaʻakea
(1815–1866)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Analea Keohokālole
(1816–1869)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
James Kaliokalani
(1835–1852)
 
David Kalākaua
(1836–1891)
Royal Crown of Hawaii.svg 1874–1891
 
Lydia Liliʻuokalani
(1838–1917)
Royal Crown of Hawaii.svg 1891–1893
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Archibald Cleghorn
(1835–1910)
 
Miriam Likelike
(1851–1887)
 
William Pitt Leleiohoku
(1854–1877)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Victoria Kaʻiulani
(1875–1899)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edith Kawelohea McKinzie, Ishmael W. Stagner, ed. (1986). Hawaiian genealogies: extracted from Hawaiian language newspapers. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 70–72. ISBN 978-0-939154-37-1. 
  2. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of po'o". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  3. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "The Story of Hawaiian Royalty: Princess Alapai Weds Her Cousin, Kepookalani". The Honolulu Advertiser. 
  4. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of opio". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  5. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of elua". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  6. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "High Chief Kamanawa II Is Hanged for Murder". The Honolulu Advertiser. 
  7. ^ "Kepookalani, (k)". Our Family History and Ancestry. Families of Old Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  8. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "The Story of Hawaiian Royalty: Confusion Arises Over Familiesʻ Genealogies". The Honolulu Advertiser. 
  9. ^ Henry Soszynski. "Kepo'okalani". web page on "Rootsweb". Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  10. ^ Liliʻuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (July 25, 2007) [1898]. Hawaii's story by Hawaii's queen, Liliuokalani. Lee and Shepard, reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-0-548-22265-2. 
  11. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Recognition of Kalakaua Refused by Aristocracy". The Honolulu Advertiser. 
  12. ^ Keoni Kealoha Alvarez (2008). "Isaac Hale Memorial Park". Phoiki Surf. Retrieved 2009-12-19.