Kerala Legislature

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"Niyamasabha" redirects here. For the building that houses the Niyamasabha, see Niyamasabha Mandiram.
Kerala State Legislative Assembly
നിയമസഭ
Niyamasabha
13th Assembly
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker of the Assembly
Deputy Speaker
Structure
Seats Total : 141
Nominated : 1
Political groups
LDF
UDF
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
2011
Meeting place
Niyamasabha Mandiram, Thiruvananthapuram
Website
http://www.niyamasabha.org/

The Kerala Legislative Assembly, popularly known as the Niyamasabha (Malayalamനിയമസഭ, niyamasabha ?, literally Hall of laws), is the law making body of Kerala, one of the 29 States in India. The Assembly is formed by 140 elected representatives and one nominated member from the Anglo-Indian community. Each elected member represents one of the 140 constituencies within the borders of Kerala and is referred to as Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA).

History[edit]

The evolution of Kerala Legislative Assembly begins with the formation of a Legislative Council in the princely state of Travancore in 1888. This was the first Native Legislature in Indian sub continent, outside British India. The Legislative Council of Travancore had undergone many changes by years. By the meantime people's participation in the Assembly was widely sought. All those efforts led to the formation of one more representative body, namely the Sri Moolam Popular Assembly of Travancore. This Assembly of the representatives of the landholders and merchants, aimed at giving the people an opportunity of bringing to the notice of Government their requirements, wishes or grievances on the one hand, and on the other, to make the policy and measures of Government better known to the people so that all possible grounds of misconception may be removed. That was on 1 October 1904. Though the popular assembly contained representatives of tax- payers, it finally became a people's representatives body. Political awareness and people agitations were aggressive and the authorities were forced to include peoples representatives into the popular assembly. On 1 May 1905, a regulation was issued to grant to the people the privilege of electing members to the Assembly. Of the 100 members, 77 were to be elected and 23 nominated, for a tenure of 1 year. The right to vote was given to persons who paid on their account an annual land revenue of not less than Rs. 50 or whose net income was not less than Rs. 2000 and to graduates of a recognised University, with not less than 10 years standing and having their residence in the taluk. The membership of the popular assembly increased year by year and finally in 1921 elected representatives gained the majority. By that time the house had 50 members of which 28 were elected and the rest nominated. By this time the princely stated of Cochin also formed a Legislative Council (1925), with 30 elected and 15 nominated representatives. Malabar District of Madras Province under the British rule, had representatives in Madras Legislative Assembly from 1920's.

After India's independence responsible governments were formed in Travancore and Cochin. In 1949 the merger of Travancore and Cochin as Travancore-Cochin, formed the first Legislative Assembly, the Travancore-Cochin Legislative Assembly composed of 178 members of the Legislative bodies of Travancore and Cochin. The Malabar region had representatives in the Madras Legislative Assembly.

Assembly after the formation of Kerala State[edit]

The Kerala Legislative Assembly in Thiruvananthapuram

In 1956, the State of Kerala was formed on linguistic basis, merging Travancore, Cochin and Malabar regions. The first general election in the Kerala State was held in February–March 1957. The first Kerala Legislative Assembly was formed on 5 April 1957. The Assembly had 127 members including a nominated member.

Subsequently after formation of Malappuram and Kasargod districts, the number of seats went up to 140. The current delimitation committee of 2010 reaffirmed the total number of seats at 140.

Current assembly[edit]

The current Legislature assembly is the 13th Assembly, since formation of Kerala. Shri G. Karthikeyan is the Speaker and Shri N Sakhthan is the Deputy Speaker. The leader of the Assembly is Oommen Chandy, who is also Congress Legislative Party leader, whereas V.S. Achuthanandan is the Leader of the opposition.

Niyamasabha Complex[edit]

Main article: Niyamasabha Mandiram

The State Assembly is known as Niyama Sabha and is housed in New Legislature Complex. This 5 storied complex is one of the largest complexes in India. The Central Hall is described as most elegant and majestic hall with ornamental Teakwood-Rosewood panelling. The older Assembly was located within State Secretariat complex which was reconverted into Legislature museum, after commissioning new complex in 1999.

Political parties or coalitions[edit]

Sl. No: Front No. of Candidates Seats won Votes Percentage
1 United Democratic Front 140 75 8,002,874 45.83
2 Left Democratic Front 140 65 7,846,703 44.94
3 National Democratic Alliance 140 0 1,058,504 6.06
4 Independents and Others 550 0 553,832 3.17

Members of Legislative Assembly of Kerala[edit]

The entrance to Kerala Legislature with statute of Mahatma Gandhi
The Illuminated Niyamasabha Complex at night
Kerala State Legislative Assembly or the Niyamasabha in night
Sl. No: Constituency Winner Party
1 Manjeshwar P. V. Abdul Razzaq IUML
2 Kasargod N. A. Nellikunnu IUML
3 Udma K Kunhiraman CPI(M)
4 Kanhangad E. Chandrasekharan CPI
5 Trikaripur K. Kunhiraman CPI(M)
6 Payyannur C. Krishnan CPI(M)
7 Kalliasseri T. V. Rajesh CPI(M)
8 Taliparamba James Mathew CPI(M)
9 Irikkur K. C. Joseph INC
10 Azhikode K.M. Shaji IUML
11 Kannur A. P. Abdullakutty INC
12 Dharmadam K. K. Narayanan CPI(M)
13 Thalassery Kodiyeri Balakrishnan CPI(M)
14 Kuthuparamba K. P. Mohanan SJD
15 Mattannur E. P. Jayarajan CPI(M)
16 Peravoor Sunny Joseph INC
17 Mananthavady P. K. Jayalakshmi INC
18 Sulthanbathery I. C. Balakrishnan INC
19 Kalpetta M. V. Shreyams Kumar SJD
20 Vadakara C K Nanu JD(S)
21 Kuttiadi K.K. Lalitha CPI(M)
22 Nadapuram E. K. Vijayan CPI
23 Koyilandy K. Dasan CPI(M)
24 Perambra K. Kunjuammad CPI(M)
25 Balusseri Purushan Kadalundy CPI(M)
26 Elathur A. K. Saseendran NCP
27 Kozhikode North A. Pradeepkumar CPI(M)
28 Kozhikode South M. K. Muneer IUML
29 Beypore Elamaram Kareem CPI(M)
30 Kunnamangalam P. T. A. Rahim Independent
31 Koduvally V. M. Ummar IUML
32 Thiruvambady C. Moyinkutty IUML
33 Kondotty Mamunni Haji IUML
34 Ernad P. K. Basheer IUML
35 Nilambur Aryadan Muhammed INC
36 Wandoor (SC) A. P. Anilkumar INC
37 Manjeri M. Ummer IUML
38 Perinthalmanna Manjalamkuzhi Ali IUML
39 Mankada T. E. Ahamed Kabir IUML
40 Malappuram P. Ubaidulla IUML
41 Vengara P. K. Kunhalikutty IUML
42 Vallikunnu K. N. A. Kader IUML
43 Tirurangadi P. K. Abdul Rabb IUML
44 Tanur Abdul Rahman Randathani IUML
45 Tirur C. Mammootty IUML
46 Kottakkal Abdussamad Samadani IUML
47 Thavanur K.T. Jaleel Independent
48 Ponnani P. Sreeramakrishnan CPI(M)
49 Thrithala V. T. Balram INC
50 Pattambi C. P. Muhammed INC
51 Shornur K.S. Saleekha CPI(M)
52 Ottappalam M. Hamsa CPI(M)
53 Kongad K.V. Vijayadas CPI(M)
54 Mannarkkad M. Shamusuddin IUML
55 Malampuzha V. S. Achuthanandan CPI(M)
56 Palakkad Shafi Parambil INC
57 Tarur A. K. Balan CPI(M)
58 Chittur K. Achuthan INC
59 Nemmara V. Chenthamarakshan CPI(M)
60 Alathur M. Chandran CPI(M)
61 Chelakkara K. Radhakrishnan CPI(M)
62 Kunnamkulam Babu M. Palissery CPI(M)
63 Guruvayoor K.V. Abdulkhader CPI(M)
64 Manalur P. A. Madhavan INC
65 Wadakkanchery C. N. Balakrishnan INC
66 Ollur M. P. Vincent INC
67 Thrissur Therambil Ramakrishnan INC
68 Nattika Geetha Gopi CPI
69 Kaipamangalam V.S. Sunil Kumar CPI
70 Irinjalakuda Thomas Unniyadan KC(M)
71 Puthukkad C. Raveendranath CPI(M)
72 Chalakudy B.D. Devasi CPI(M)
73 Kodungallur T N Prathapan INC
74 Perumbavoor Saju Paul CPI(M)
75 Angamaly Jose Thettayil JD(S)
76 Aluva Anwar Sadath INC
77 Kalamassery V. K. Ibrahim Kunju IUML
78 Paravur V.D. Satheesan INC
79 Vypeen S. Sharma CPI(M)
80 Kochi Dominic Presentation INC
81 Thripunithura K. Babu INC
82 Ernakulam Hibi Eden INC
83 Thrikkakara Benny Behanan INC
84 Kunnathunad (SC) V.P. Sajeendran INC
88 Piravom Anoop Jacob KC(JACOB)
86 Muvattupuzha Joseph Vazhakkan INC
87 Kothamangalam T. U. Kuruvilla KC(M)
88 Devikulam S Rejandran CPI(M)
89 Udumbanchola K. K. Jayachandran CPI(M)
90 Thodupuzha P. J. Joseph KC(M)
91 Idukki Roshy Augustine KC(M)
92 Peerumade E.S. Bijimol CPI
93 Pala K. M. Mani KC(M)
94 Kaduthuruthy Monce Joseph KC(M)
95 Vaikom K. Ajith CPI
96 Ettumanoor K. Suresh Kurup CPI(M)
97 Kottayam Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan INC
98 Puthuppally Oommen Chandy INC
99 Changanassery C. F. Thomas KC(M)
100 Kanjirappally N.Jayaraj KC(M)
101 Poonjar P. C. George KC(M)
102 Aroor A.M. Ariff CPI(M)
103 Cherthala P. Thilothaman CPI
104 Alappuzha Thomas Issac CPI(M)
105 Ambalappuzha G. Sudhakaran CPI(M)
106 Kuttanad Thomas Chandy NCP
107 Haripad Ramesh Chennithala INC
108 Kayamkulam C.K. Sadasivan CPI(M)
109 Mavelikkara R. Rajesh CPI(M)
110 Chengannur P. C. Vishnunath INC
111 Thiruvalla Mathew T. Thomas JD(S)
112 Ranni Raju Abraham CPI(M)
113 Aranmula K. Shivadasan Nair INC
114 Konni Adoor Prakash INC
115 Adoor Chittayam Gopakumar CPI
116 Karunagapally C. Divakaran CPI
117 Chavara Shibu Baby John RSP(B)
118 Kunnathur Kovoor Kunjumon RSP
119 Kottarakkara P. Ayisha Potty CPI(M)
120 Pathanapuram [Ganesh Kumar]
121 Punalur K. Raju CPI
122 Chadayamangalam Mullakara Ratnakaran CPI
123 Kundara M.A. Baby CPI(M)
124 Kollam P. K. Gurudasan CPI(M)
125 Eravipuram A.A. Aziz RSP
126 Chathannoor G S Jayalal CPI
127 Varkala Varkala Kahar INC
128 Attingal Adv. B. Sathyan CPI(M)
129 Chirayinkeezhu V. Sasi CPI
130 Nedumangad Palode Ravi INC
131 Vamanapuram Koliyakkod Krishnan Nair CPI(M)
132 Kazhakoottam M. A. Wahid INC
133 Vattiyoorkavu K. Muraleedharan INC
134 Thiruvananthapuram V. S. Sivakumar INC
135 Nemom V. Sivankutty CPI(M)
136 Aruvikkara G. Karthikeyan INC
137 Parassala A. T. George INC
138 Kattakkada N. Sakthan INC
139 Kovalam Jameela Prakasam JD(S)
140 Neyyattinkara R. Selvaraj INC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]