Kerala Panineeyam

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Kerala Panineeyam
Author A. R. Raja Raja Varma
Country India India
Language Malayalam
Genre Grammar
Publication date
1896

Kerala Panineeyam is a treatise on Malayalam grammar and rhetoric, written by A. R. Raja Raja Varma, grammarian, litterateur and one of the pioneers of Malayalam Language studies. The book was first published in 1896 and earned its author the sobriquet, Kerala Panini, after the Sanskrit grammarian, Panini. It is considered to be an epoch making work on the growth and structure of Malayalam language.[1]

A.R. Raja Raja Varma.jpg

Kerala Panineeyam consists of 8 sections and their subsections:

  • Peedika - History of the Malayalam language, alphabets and language evolution.
  • Sandhiprakaram – defines sentences and compound words
  • Namadhikaram – discusses grammatical gender, countability, words formed by joining two or more words, adjectives, adverbs, formation of new words denoting a set of words
  • Dhathwadhikaram – describes imperative sentences, active / passive sentences, prefix words (khiladathu), suffixes, affirmative/negative usages, complex and compound sentences
  • Bhedhakadhikaram – further description of adjectives
  • Nipathavyayadhikaram - describes words with multiple meanings/usages
  • Akamshadhikaram – describes linking words
  • Shabhdolpathi – essay on word formation and evolutions.

Kerala Panineeyam was one of the first scientific descriptions of Malayalam grammar.[2] A.R. Raja Raja Varma complimented the treatise with subsequent works such as Bhashabhooshanam and Vritha Manjari.[3]

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