Kerala State Road Transport Corporation

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For the state owned road transport corporation in Karnataka, see Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation.
Kerala State Road Transport Corporation
Type Public Sector Corporation under the Ministry of Transport of the State Government of Kerala
Industry Public transport bus service
Founded 20 February 1938,1965
Headquarters Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Area served Kerala
Products Bus transport, Cargo Transport, Services
Services Volvo AC Airbus, Globus AC Airbus, Super Deluxe Airbus, Super Express Airbus, Super Express, Super Fast, Fast Passenger, Venad/Malabar Limited Stop, Ananthapuri/Thiru Kochi, Ordinary Bus, JnNURM AC Volvo Low Floor, JnNURM Non AC Low Floor
Website www.keralartc.com

Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is the state-run bus company in Kerala, India. It is one of the oldest state run public bus transport services in India.

History[edit]

The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation began as the Travancore State Transport Department, constituted by the Travancore King, H.H. Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, with the intent of reorganizing the transportation services of the former state. Mr. EG Salter, Assistant Operating Superintendent of London Passenger Transport Board, was appointed as Superintendent of the Transport Department on 20 September 1937. The Travancore Transport Department grew with nationalisation of key interstate routes such as Thiruvanathapuram to Kanyakumari and Palakkad to Coimbatore.

The first fleet consisted of 60 Comet chassis fitted with Perkins diesel engines, imported from England. The bodies of the buses were built by the staff of the Travancore State Transport Department under the supervision of the Superintendent. The model for the selection of operating staff continues to be followed by the current operating staff. The Transport Department gave preference in recruitment for those who were likely to lose their the private transport company jobs resulting from the nationalization of Thiruvanathapuram Kanyakumari route. Thus the Transport Department began with a staff of about a hundred graduates appointed as Inspectors and Conductors.

The State Motor Service was inaugurated by His Highness Sree Chithirathirunal on 20 February 1938. His Highness and his kin were the first passengers of the system on the inaugural trip; Superintendent Salter was the driver of the bus. This bus, along with the thirty-three other buses brought on road driving through the Kowdiar Square was an attraction at that time.

Following the enactment of the Road Transport Corporation Act in 1950, the Government of Kerala formulated KSRTC rules in 1965 by Section 44. The Transport Department was converted into an autonomous corporation on 1 April 1965 and the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was formally established by the government of Kerala by the notification dated, 15 March 1965.

KSRTC volvo 8400 low floor bus for Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi Cities
Interior of Low Floor Buses
KSRTC non-a/c Ashok Leyland low floor city bus
KSRTC "SUPER FAST" bus service
KSRTC "FAST PASSENGER" bus service
A KSRTC Ashok Leyland Titan double decker city Bus
KSRTC "RAJADHANI" ring road bus service in Thiruvananthapuram city
KSRTC "VENAD" Limited stop service
KSRTC "ORDINARY" bus service

For all KSRTC Buses the registered under a separate RTO at Thiruvanathapuram having registration series KL-15.

Fleet[edit]

The corporation has a fleet of 6148 buses and 5598 schedules consisting Ashok Leyland, Tata Motors and Volvo buses and minibuses.[1] The fleet composition as of 6 December 2010 was:

Service Type Model Numbers Description
City Ordinary Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c 42 Ordinary Buses in Thiruvananthapuram for city transportation.
City Double Decker Ashok Leyland Titan 2 Double Decker buses in Thiruvananthapuram (East Fort to Sangumugham Beach) and Kochi charging ordinary fares.
Ananthapuri Fast / Thiru Kochi Tata 1510 & Tata 1512c 205 City buses in Thiruvananthapuram / Kochi with 2x2 seating layout.
Low Floor Non-AC City Bus Ashok Leyland Panther RE Semi Low Floor 240 Low Floor City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme in Thiruvananthapuram / Kochi with 2x2 seating layout.
Low Floor AC City Bus Volvo 8400 80 Low Floor AC City Buses under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission scheme in Thiruvananthapuram / Kochi with 2x2 seating layout.
Minibus Tata 709E, Ashok Leyland Stag 21 Mini Buses are used on small feeder routes charging ordinary fares.
Rajadhani ring road service[2] Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c 10 New ring road bus service in Thiruvananthapuram city
Short Wheel Base Ordinary Buses Tata 1512, Ashok Leyland Cheetah 200 Midi Buses with shorter wheelbase (176 in wheelbase) are used on routes in hilly areas, ghats and small narrower roads charging ordinary fares.
Ordinary Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c 3,958 Short routes served by older buses that used to run on higher grade services.
Venad / Malabar Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata Globus, Tata 1512 & Tata 1512c 1,465 Comfortable buses used as Limited Stop Ordinary [LS ORD] / Fare Stage Limited Stop [FSLS] / Town to Town [TT] with 3x2 seating layout and Ordinary Fare Stage.
Fast Passenger Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c 1152 Short and long distance no frill services with 3x2 seating layout.
Super Fast Ashok Leyland Viking, Tata 1512c 334 Fast, long distance services with 3x2 seating layout.
Super Express Airbus Ashok Leyland 12M & Tata 1612c 50 Newly introduced long distance services on 12 m chassis, often interstate with 3x2 seating layout with more leg room and rear air suspension. Some buses have 2x2 reclining seating layout. Same fare as a Super Express.
Super Deluxe Airbus Ashok Leyland Viking & Tata LPO1512c Ex 50 Luxury interstate and intrastate services, often long distance with 2x2 reclining seats and rear air suspension.
Garuda Volvo (AC) Volvo 9400 3 Luxury Interstate Services Buses to Bangalore using Volvo B7R with 2x2 reclining seats and full air suspension.
Garuda Multi Axle (AC) Volvo 9400 10 Luxury Interstate multiaxle bus

services using Volvo B9R with 2x2 semisleeper seats and full air suspension.

Total 6,182 Total number of Schedules : 5,598

Depots and workshops[edit]

KSRTC has twenty nine depots, forty six sub-depots, eighteen operating centres, and five workshops spread throughout the Kerala.[3] In 1995 Kerala State Road Transport Corporation ventured into the technical education field by establishing an engineering college named Sree Chitra Thirunal College of Engineering at Pappanamcode on its Central Workshop premises.

Depots, Sub-Depots and Operating Centers[edit]

The List of KSRTC Bus Stands and Depots are given below:

S.No Name Code Status Telephone
1 Trivandrum Central TVM Depot 0471 2323886
2 Trivandrum City CTY Depot 0471 2463029
3 Attingal ATL Depot 0470 2622202
4 Nedumangad NDD Depot 0472 2812235
5 Neyyattinkara NTA Depot 0471 2222243
6 Pappanamcode PPD Depot 0471 2249400
7 Vizhinjam VZM Depot 0471 2481365
8 Aryanad ARND Sub Depot 0472 2853900
9 Kaniyapuram KPM Sub Depot 0471 2752533
10 Kattakkada KTDA Sub Depot 0471 2290381
11 Kilimanoor KMR Sub Depot 0470 2672217
12 Parassala PSLA Sub Depot 0471 2202058
13 Peroorkada PKDA Sub Depot 0471 2433683
14 Poovar PVR Sub Depot 0471 2210047
15 Vellanad VLND Sub Depot 0472 2882986
16 Vellarada VLRD Sub Depot 0471 2242029
17 Venjaramoodu VJMD Sub Depot 0472 2874141
18 Vikasbhavan VKBN Sub Depot 04712307890
19 Vithura VTRA Sub Depot 0472 2858686
20 Palode PLD Operating Centre 0472 2840259
21 Kollam KLM Depot 0474 2752008
22 Kottarakkara KTR Depot 0474 2452622
23 Chadayamangalam CDLM Sub Depot 0474 2476200
24 Chathannoor CTNR Sub Depot 0474 2592900
25 Karunagappally KNPY Sub Depot 0476 2620466
26 Pathanapuram PTPM Sub Depot 0475 2353769
27 Punalur PLR Sub Depot 0475 2222626
28 Aryankavu ARKV Operating Centre 0475 2211300
29 Kulathupuzha KPZA Operating Centre 0474 2318777
30 Ochira ORA Operating Centre 0476 2691520
31 Pathanamthitta PTA Depot 0468 2229213
32 Thiruvalla TVLA Depot 0469 2602945
33 Adoor ADR Sub Depot 04734 224764
34 Mallappally MPLY Sub Depot 0469 2785080
35 Pamba PBA Sub Depot 04735 203445
36 Pandalam PDM Operating Centre 04734 255800
37 Ranni RNI Operating Centre 04735 225253
38 Konni KNI Operating Centre 0468 2244555`
39 Alappuzha ALP Depot 0477 2252501
40 Chengannur CGNR Depot 0479 2452352
41 Cherthala CTL Depot 0478 2812582
42 Kayamkulam KYLM Depot 0479 2442022
43 Harippad HPD Sub Depot 0479 2412620
44 Mavelikkara MVKA Sub Depot 0479 2302282
45 Edathua EDVA Operating Centre 0477 2215400
46 Kottayam KTM Depot 0481 2562908
47 Changanassery CHRY Depot 0481 2420245
48 Pala PALA Depot 04822 212250
49 Erattupetta EPTA Sub Depot 04822 272330
50 Ponkunnam PNKM Sub Depot 04828 221333
51 Vaikom VKM Sub Depot 04829 221210
52 Erumely EMLY Operating Centre 04828 212345
53 Kattappana KTPNA Sub Depot 04868 252333
54 Kumily KMLY Sub Depot 04869 222800
55 Thodupuzha TDPA Sub Depot 04862 222388
56 Moolamattom MLTM Operating Centre 04862 252045
57 Munnar MNR Operating Centre 04865 230201
58 Eranakulam EKM Depot 0484 2372033
59 Aluva ALV Depot 0484 2624242
60 Muvattupuzha MVPA Depot 0485 2832321
61 Perumbavoor PBVR Depot 0484 2523416
62 Angamaly ANK Sub Depot 0484 2453050
63 Kothamangalam KMGM Sub Depot 0485 2862202
64 North Paravur PRR Sub Depot 0484 2442373
65 Piravom PVM Sub Depot 0485 2265533
66 Koothattukulam KKLM Sub Depot 0485 2253444
67 Thrissur TSR Depot 0487 2421150
68 Chalakkudy CLDY Sub Depot 0480 2701638
69 Guruvayoor GVR Sub Depot 0487 2556450
70 Mala MALA Sub Depot 0480 2890438
71 Irinjalakkuda IJK Operating Centre 0480 2623990
72 Kodungallur KDLR sub depot 0480 2803155
73 Puthukkad PKD Operating Centre 0480 2751648
74 Palakkad PLKD Depot 0491 2520098
75 Chittur CTR Depot 04923 227488
76 Mannarkkad MKD Sub Depot 04924 225150
77 Vadakkanchery VDCY Operating Centre 04922 255001
78 Malappuram MPM Sub Depot 0483 2734950
79 Nilambur NBR Sub Depot 04931 223929
80 Perinthalmanna PMN Sub Depot 04933 227342
81 Ponnani PNI Sub Depot 0494 2666396
82 Kozhikode KKD Depot 0495 2723796
83 Thamarassery TSY Sub Depot 0495 2222217
84 Thottilpalam TPM Sub Depot 0496 2565944
85 Thiruvambady TDY Operating Centre 0495 2254500
86 Vadakara VKA Operating Centre 0496 2523377
87 Kalpetta KPA Sub Depot 04936 203040
88 Mananthavady MDY Sub Depot 04935 240640
89 Sulthan Bathery SBY Depot 04936 220217
90 Kannur KNR Depot 0497 2705960
91 Payyannur PNR Sub Depot 04985 203062
92 Thalassery TLY Sub Depot 0490 2343333
93 Kasargod KGD Depot 04994 230677
94 Kanhangad KNGD Sub Depot 0467 2200055
95 Bangalore INTER STATE 080 2269508
96 Coimbatore INTER STATE 0422 2521614
97 Mysore INTER STATE 0821 2440124

Workshops[edit]

The List of KSRTC Workshops are given below:

S.No Name Status Telephone
1 Pappanamcode Central Workshop 0471 2490801
2 Mavelikkara Regional Workshop 0479 2302409
3 Aluva Regional Workshop 0484 2624007
4 Edappal Regional Workshop 0494 2699248
5 Kozhikode Regional Workshop 0495 2361667

Facts[edit]

  • The daily scheduled distance for bus services has increased from 12,00,000 km to 14,22,546 km.[4]
  • Nearly 5,373 buses run on 4,795 schedules everyday.[5]
  • Average number of passengers transported in a day is 3145,000 (3.145 million)
  • The average earnings per km (EPKM) works out to around INR25.69 and the average earnings per bus (EPB) works out to INR8,329..

Fares[edit]

Historical Fares[edit]

Half a Chakram was the minimum fare in 1938. The first class tickets had cost 50% more than the coordinating rate. During that period free travel was allowed for children up to 3 years and only half the fare was charged for children until age 14. There were no luggage tickets, but when the luggage weighed more than 28 pounds up to 56 pounds, a fee was assessed for 4 chakras. Passengers with luggage that weighed more than 56 pounds were assessed a fee of 6 chakras up to 112 pounds and above. As the Chakram had triple the value of a 100 rupee currency note today, the cost of travelling was comparatively higher during those days.

Current Fares[edit]

The fares were last revised on 11 November 2012 .

  • 64 paise for City/Ordinary Services,
  • 68 paise for City Fast Services,
  • 68 paise for Fast Passenger/Limited Stop FP Services,
  • 72 paise for Super Fast Services,
  • 77 paise for Super Express Services,
  • 90 paise for Super Deluxe/Semi Sleeper Services,
  • 110 paise for Luxury/High-Tech/Air Conditioned Services, and
  • 130 paise for Volvo Services.[6]

[6]

Bus Type Minimum Fare in Indian Rupees
CITY/ ORDINARY 7.00
CITY FAST 7.00
FAST PASSENGER/LSFP 10.00
SUPER FAST PASSENGER 13.00
SUPER EXPRESS 20.00
SUPER DELUXE/SEMI SLEEPER 28.00
LUXURY/HI-TECH/AC 40.00
VOLVO [GARUDA] 40.00
VOLVO MULTI AXLE 70.00
LOW FLOOR A/C CITY SERVICE 15.00
LOW FLOOR Non A/C 8.00

Online booking[edit]

Bus reservation can be done online for KSRTC services and the NEW online booking facility is available at http://www.keralartc.in/KERALAOnline/

GPRS Enabled Ticket Machines[edit]

Kerala State Road Transport Corporation(KSRTC) has introduced GPRS enabled ticketing machines which is connected to an online server through GPRS to streamline services in the year 2013.The ticket machines transfers real time data to the control room at Transport Bhavan.The authorities can keep tabs on the collection of each schedule and that of depots across the sttate on real time basis by tracking the data from ticketing machines

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]