Keratsa of Bulgaria
|Byzantine Empress consort|
|Manuscript miniature of Keratsa (Tetraevangelia of Ivan Alexander).|
|Tenure||12 August 1376 – 1 July 1379|
|Spouse||Andronikos IV Palaiologos|
|John VII Palaiologos|
|House||House of Shishman
House of Palaiologus
On 17 August 1355 Keratsa was betrothed to the future Emperor Andronikos IV Palaiologos. The marital document issued by the Patriarchate stated that "it would be beneficial to the Christians: Byzantines and Bulgarians, and pernicious to the infidels (the Turks)".
In 1373, while still co-emperor with his father, her husband led a failed rebellion against the Ottoman Sultan, Murad I. As a result, Keratsa (along with her husband and son) were imprisoned for three years, until they were liberated by the Genoese. On 12 August 1376, Andronikos IV deposed his father John V Palaiologos and replaced him as Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, with Keratsa as his Empress consort. The new imperial couple remained in control of Constantinople until 1 July 1379. John V was then restored to his throne. Andronikos IV was declared co-emperor but conflict between father and son lasted until the death of the latter in 1385.
Keratsa spent the later part of her life as a nun under the name Mathissa. She died in 1390.
- Her listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrologies and testaments."
Keratsa of BulgariaBorn: 1348 Died: 1390
|Byzantine Empress consort
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