Keren, Eritrea

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Keren
ከረን
كيرين
City
Keren - 2008-11-01.jpg
Keren is located in Eritrea
Keren
Keren
Location in Eritrea
Coordinates: 15°46′40″N 38°27′29″E / 15.77778°N 38.45806°E / 15.77778; 38.45806
Country Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea
Region Anseba
District Keren
Elevation 1,590 m (5,220 ft)
Population (2012)
 • City 82,198
 • Metro 146,483

Keren, formerly known as Cheren and Sanhit,[1] is the second-largest city in Eritrea. It is situated about 91 kilometers northwest of Asmara, at an elevation of 1,390 meters from sea-level. The town sprawls on a wide basin surrounded by granitic mountains on all sides. It serves as the capital of the Anseba region, and is home to the Bilen ethnic group.

History[edit]

Keren grew around the Eritrean Railway to Asmara. The railway was later dismantled because of the war, although there are plans to rebuild it. It is an important commercial centre and was the scene of regular battles in both World War II and the Eritrean War of Independence. Keren was the site of a key battle between Italian and British troops in February – March 1941.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2010, Keren has a population of around 146,483 inhabitants. Residents belong to various, mainly Afro-Asiatic-speaking ethnic groups, of which the Bilen and the Tigre are predominant. The Tigrinya also have a presence.

Climate[edit]

Keren's climate is semi-desert hot during summer and cold during winter. The rainy season extends from mid-June to mid-September. From October to February, the town experiences the cool winter season. The climate heats up from March to June, though the nights are pleasant.

Climate data for Keren
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
23.4
(74.1)
25.5
(77.9)
27.4
(81.3)
30.9
(87.6)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
25.7
(78.3)
23.8
(74.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.3
(72.1)
21.1
(70)
25.1
(77.18)
Average low °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
11.6
(52.9)
12.7
(54.9)
13.0
(55.4)
14.5
(58.1)
13.5
(56.3)
12.6
(54.7)
12.2
(54)
12.0
(53.6)
12.2
(54)
11.9
(53.4)
11.0
(51.8)
12.35
(54.24)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
4
(0.16)
16
(0.63)
30
(1.18)
62
(2.44)
124
(4.88)
178
(7.01)
40
(1.57)
14
(0.55)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
470
(18.5)
Source: Levoyageur Weather[2]

Attractions[edit]

Restaurant Fickri & Selam on Giro Fiori in Keren.

Attractions in the city include the nineteenth century Tigu Egyptian fort, the St Maryam Deari chapel, lying in a baobab tree, the 1930s former railway station, the old mosque, Sayed Bakri Mausoleum, British Army and Italian Army cemeteries and local markets. The nearby sixth century Debre Sina monastery is also known for its cave dwellings.

Districts[edit]

The town's outlying districts include:

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shinn, David & al. "Hewitt Treaty" in the Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia, p. 214.
  2. ^ "Levoyageur Weather : Eritrea". Retrieved 11 July 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 15°47′N 38°27′E / 15.783°N 38.450°E / 15.783; 38.450