Kerinci Seblat National Park

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Kerinci Seblat National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Mount Kerinci from Kayuaro.jpg
Mount Kerinci in Kerinci Seblat National Park
Map showing the location of Kerinci Seblat National Park
Map showing the location of Kerinci Seblat National Park
Kerinci Seblat NP
Location in Sumatra
Location Sumatra, Indonesia
Coordinates 2°25′S 101°29′E / 2.417°S 101.483°E / -2.417; 101.483Coordinates: 2°25′S 101°29′E / 2.417°S 101.483°E / -2.417; 101.483
Area 13,750 km2
Established 1999
Governing body Ministry of Forestry

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park in Indonesia. It is located on the island of Sumatra. It has a total area of 13,791 km2, and spans four provinces: West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra.

Geography[edit]

It is located between 100°31'18"E - 102°44'01"E and 1°07'13"S - 3°26'14"S.

The park area includes a large part of the Barisan mountain range which form the western spine of Sumatra island and includes the highest peak in Sumatra, Mount Kerinci (3,805 m), one of more than five active volcanoes in the national park. This mainly montane park includes hot springs, rivers with rapids, caves, scenic waterfalls and the highest caldera lake in Southeast Asia - Lake Gunung Tujuhwhile the Great Sumatra Fault runs through the national park making the area of great interest to geologists.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The park is home to diversity of flora and fauna. Over 4,000 plant species have been identified to date in the park area, including the world's largest flower, Rafflesia arnoldi, and the plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence, the titan arum.

The fauna include Sumatran Tigers and the park is recognised under the Global Tiger Initiative as one of the 12 most important protected areas in the world for tiger conservation. A recent study shows that the Kerinci Seblat National Park in central Sumatra has the highest population of tigers on the island, estimated to be at 165-190 individuals. The park also was shown to have the highest tiger occupancy rate of the protected areas, with 83% of the park showing signs of tigers.[1] In fact, there are more tigers in the Kerinci Seblat National Park than in all of Nepal, and more than in China, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam combined.[2][3]

Other highly endangered species include Sumatran Rhinoceros, Sumatran elephants, Sunda Clouded Leopard, Malayan Tapir, Malay Sun Bear. In 2008 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) added a second species of muntjak deer to the Sumatran list of fauna with the rediscovery of the Sumatran Muntjac, a deer not recorded since the late 1920s and now concluded as a new species and not sub species. The park also protects more than 370 bird species, including the Sumatran Ground-cuckoo rediscovered in the park in 2002.

The Kerinci area is home to more than 300 bird species, including 17 of Sumatra's 20 endemic birds, making it of particular importance to ornithologists and bird-watching enthusiasts.[4]

The population of Sumatran Rhinoceros in the park was estimated to number around 500 in the 1980s,[5] but due to poaching the Kerinci Seblat population is now considered extinct.[6]

Conservation and threats[edit]

The national park was declared in 1982, formed from numerous watershed protection forests or hutan lindung and small nature reserves although its borders were only legally confirmed in the late 1990s.

Together with Bukit Barisan Selatan and Gunung Leuser national parks it forms a World Heritage Site, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.[7] Kerinci Seblat National Park is also recognised as an ASEAN Heritage Site.

Wildlife conservation program[edit]

To practicing personal relations with Sumatran elephants, Seblat Elephant Conservation Center in Bengkulu Province is the solely Center which receive local and foreign students to learn. Until June 2012 the students (volunteers) came from France, Russia, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Belgium and less from within the country. At the 7 days course, they learn how an elephant tamer takes care of the elephants. They should also help feeding and bathing the 19 elephants at the center besides feeding milk to a two-year-old elephant calf. The students should make a report once they returned to their respective home countries.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]