Southern Kurdish (کوردی خوارگ; kurdîy xwarîg), also called Pehlewani (پەهلەوانی; Pehlewanî) or Pahlawanik is a group of Kurdish dialects predominantly spoken in western Iran and eastern Iraq. In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah (Kirmaşan) and Ilam. In Iraq it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin (Xaneqîn), all the way to Mandali, Pehle. It has more than one million speakers in the city of Baghdad. It is also the language of the populous KurdishKakayî-Kakavand tribe near Kerkuk and most Yarsani kurds in Kermanshah province. There are also populous diasporas of Southern Kurdish Dialects group found in the Alburz mountains.
Native speakers use various different alphabets to write southern kurdish, the most common ones are extensions of the standard Kurdish alphabets. The extension consists of an extra vowel, "ۊ" for the Arabic-based Sorani script and "ü" for the Latin-based Kurmanji script.