Kermit Tyler

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Kermit Arthur Tyler
Kermit Tyler.jpg
Born (1913-04-13)April 13, 1913
Oelwein, Iowa
Died January 23, 2010(2010-01-23) (aged 96)[1]
San Diego, California
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch Seal of the US Air Force.svg United States Air Force
Years of service 1936–1961
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant Colonel
Unit 78th Pursuit Squadron
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Legion of Merit
Other work Real Estate Broker

Kermit A. Tyler (April 13, 1913 – January 23, 2010)[1] was an American Air Force officer. Tyler was assigned as a pilot in the 78th Pursuit Squadron at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor.

Biography[edit]

Tyler was born on April 13, 1913, in Oelwein, Iowa.[1]

Tyler moved with his family to Long Beach, California.[1] He joined the Civilian Conservation Corps for two years[1] before becoming an Army Air Corps flying cadet in 1936.[2]

Pearl Harbor[edit]

On 7 December 1941, Tyler was a first lieutenant in the Army Air Corps serving as the Executive Officer of the 78th Pursuit Squadron, based at Pearl Harbor. That morning he was assigned duty as the Officer In Charge of the partly activated Pearl Harbor Intercept Center. His duties were to assist the controller in ordering planes to intercept enemy planes or supposed enemy planes, after the planes got in the air. New and untrained at the time, when warned of the approach of a large aircraft flight from the north, Tyler presumed it to be the scheduled arrival of six B-17 bombers from the mainland. The radar operators were tracking Japanese planes coming to attack the base. Radar operators, operating in training mode, failed to make clear the size of the formation even though it was larger than anything they'd ever seen, and he did not pass on an alarm of "attack imminent".

Following an investigation by a Naval Board of Inquiry in August 1942,[3] it was determined that Tyler had been assigned to the Information Center with little or no training, no supervision, and no staff with which to work. Tyler was subsequently cleared on any wrongdoing by the Board and no disciplinary actions were taken against him.

Later life[edit]

Tyler retired as a lieutenant colonel in the United States Air Force in 1961. After leaving military service, he obtained a business degree and worked as real estate broker.[4]

Tyler died of pneumonia on January 23, 2010,[1] at his home in San Diego, California, at the age of 96.[1] He was predeceased by his wife, Marian, and son, Michael; and survived by three children, Julie, Carol Daniels and Terry Tyler.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h McClellan, Dennis (2010-02-24). "Kermit A. Tyler dies at 96; officer didn't act on radar warning about Pearl Harbor raid". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  2. ^ Goldstein, Richard (February 25, 2010). "Kermit Tyler, Player of a Fateful, if Minor, Role in Pearl Harbor Attack, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Navy Court Of Inquiry: Kermit A. Tyler". Joint Congressional Committee, Nov. 15, 1945, to May 31, 1946. U. S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ "The Times obituary: Kermit Tyler". The Times of London. February 27, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 

External links[edit]