Kerns

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For other uses, see Kern (soldier).
Kerns
Kerns -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Kerns
Canton Obwalden
District n.a.
46°54′N 8°16′E / 46.900°N 8.267°E / 46.900; 8.267Coordinates: 46°54′N 8°16′E / 46.900°N 8.267°E / 46.900; 8.267
Population 5,800 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 63 /km2 (162 /sq mi)
Area 92.59 km2 (35.75 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 564 m (1,850 ft)
Postal code 6064
SFOS number 1404
Surrounded by Alpnach, Dallenwil (NW), Ennetmoos (NW), Hasliberg (BE), Innertkirchen (BE), Lungern, Sachseln, Sarnen, Wolfenschiessen (NW)
Website www.kerns.ch
SFSO statistics
Kerns is located in Switzerland
Kerns
Kerns

Kerns is a village in the canton of Obwalden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Kerns is first mentioned in 1036 as Chernz though this mention is from a 14th Century copy of the original document. After 1101 it was normally mentioned as Chernes.[3]

Geography[edit]

Swiss cow in the high meadows near Melchsee-Frutt

Kerns has an area, as of 2006, of 92.6 square kilometers (35.8 sq mi). Of this area, 46.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 28.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (21.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located on a terrace on the south-west slope of the Stanserhorn and Arvigrat mountains in the Sarneraatal and Melchtal valleys. It is the largest municipality in the canton. It consists of the village of Kerns with the sections of Dorf, Siebeneich, Wisserlen, Halten and Dietried, the hamlets of Sankt Niklausen and Melchtal as well as the resort of Melchsee-Frutt.

Demographics[edit]

Kerns has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 5,800.[1] As of 2007, 8.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (96.2%), with Albanian being second most common ( 1.3%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.5%).[4]

Chapel at Melchsee-Frutt with the Graustock mountain peak in the background

As of 2000 the gender distribution of the population was 49.8% male and 50.2% female. As of 2000 there are 1,700 households,[5] and in 2008 there were 2,110 households in Kerns alone, with 15 in St. Niklausen, 180 in Melchtal and 15 in Melchsee-Frutt.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 38.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (36.6%), the Other (16.9%) and the SPS (8.3%).[4]

In Kerns about 67.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Kerns has an unemployment rate of 0.85%. As of 2005, there were 445 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 172 businesses involved in this sector. 644 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 65 businesses in this sector. 853 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 136 businesses in this sector.[4]

As of 2007, the religious population distribution was; 4,654 or 83.6% are Roman Catholic, while 251 or 4.5% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. There are 660 individuals (or about 11.86% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), or no church.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1744 1,820
1758 1,695
1799 1,999
1811 2,236
1850 2,509
1900 2,392
1950 3,406
1960 3,553
1970 3,881
1980 4,200
2000 5,101
2007 5,523

Sights[edit]

Hohe Brücke (High Bridge) near Kerns, picture from 1893

The main sights of Kerns are: chapel St. Niklausen, an old bridge (Hohe Brücke), and the pilgrimage church Melchtal. The ski area and mountain resort Melchsee-Frutt with the lake Melchsee is also part of the municipality of Kerns. The reservoir Tannensee is located above the village, at 1,976 m (6,483 ft).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Kerns in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 03-Sep-2009
  5. ^ a b Canton Obwalden Statistics accessed 2 September 2009 (German)
  6. ^ a b c Kerns Municipality website-Kerns in numbers. (German) accessed 3 September 2009

External links[edit]