Kernville, California

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For the former town, see Kernville (former town), California.
Kernville
census-designated place
Downtown Kernville
Downtown Kernville
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Coordinates: 35°45′17″N 118°25′31″W / 35.75472°N 118.42528°W / 35.75472; -118.42528Coordinates: 35°45′17″N 118°25′31″W / 35.75472°N 118.42528°W / 35.75472; -118.42528
Country  United States
State  California
County Kern
Government
 • Senate Jean Fuller (R)
 • Assembly Connie Conway (R)
 • U. S. Congress Kevin McCarthy (R)
Area[1]
 • Total 12.676 sq mi (32.830 km2)
 • Land 12.368 sq mi (32.033 km2)
 • Water 0.308 sq mi (0.797 km2)  2.43%
Elevation[2] 2,667 ft (813 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,395
 • Density 110/sq mi (42/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93238
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-38310
GNIS feature ID 1660834
Website
Reference No. 132

Kernville is a census-designated place (CDP) in the southern Sierra Nevada, in Kern County, California, United States.[2] Kernville is located 42 miles (68 km) northeast of Bakersfield,[3] at an elevation of 2667 feet (813 m).[2] The population was 1,395 at the 2010 census, down from 1,736 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

The Kern River was named after artist and topographer Edward Kern, who accompanied John C. Fremont on his 1845 expedition. They camped at what was a fork of two rivers, now the middle of Lake Isabella. An 1858 gold rush led to the formation of a town briefly called Rogersville, then Williamsburg, which was soon renamed Whiskey Flat after a bar opened.[4] In 1864, the town was renamed Kernville.

After decades of planning, the Isabella Dam project began in 1948. As a result, Kernville was moved upstream to its present location at the tip of the northeast fork of the man-made lake. The town has since continued to maintain its gold rush and old west roots to attract tourists and take advantage of nearby natural scenery and activities. The town's original location is slightly east of Wofford Heights. Foundations and such can still be seen when the lake is low. The famous Mountain Inn, built mainly to house movie stars and crew before the 1948 move, is now (partially) at the new Kernville, renamed the River View Lodge.[5]

Whiskey Flat Days is the annual celebration of the historic wild west days of the area. Parade, wild west shootouts and historic camps, carnival, vendors and rodeo or just part of the festivities put on every President's Day weekend and attended by thousands of visitors.

The post office, established at the original site in 1868 was moved to the new site in 1951.[3]

The original townsite is now registered as California Historical Landmark #132.[6]

Points of interest[edit]

Kernville has a large tourist industry centered on the white water rapids of the Kern River. While white water rafting is the main attraction, one can also enjoy mountain biking, rock climbing, and other outdoor activities. Fly fishing is also popular; in particular, the golden trout is highly sought after for catch and release fishing. Downtown Kernville has an Old West look and contains a number of restaurants, antique shops and motels. The Kern Valley Museum[7] houses a collection of historical items and displays. The nearby Kern Valley Airport is a popular general aviation destination for pilots, with on-site services including riverside camping and restaurant. The Needles granite formations about 25 miles toward the northern end of the valley are visible from some higher elevation locations.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[8] reported that Kernville had a population of 1,395. The population density was 110.1 people per square mile (42.5/km²). The racial makeup of Kernville was 1,257 (90.1%) White, 1 (0.1%) African American, 19 (1.4%) Native American, 7 (0.5%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 33 (2.4%) from other races, and 78 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 82 persons (5.9%).

The Census reported that 1,387 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 8 (0.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 723 households, out of which 111 (15.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 312 (43.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 57 (7.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 28 (3.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 40 (5.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 282 households (39.0%) were made up of individuals and 132 (18.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92. There were 397 families (54.9% of all households); the average family size was 2.50.

The population was spread out with 184 people (13.2%) under the age of 18, 74 people (5.3%) aged 18 to 24, 197 people (14.1%) aged 25 to 44, 521 people (37.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 419 people (30.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 55.8 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.

There were 1,072 housing units at an average density of 84.6 per square mile (32.7/km²), of which 532 (73.6%) were owner-occupied, and 191 (26.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 13.5%. 1,018 people (73.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 369 people (26.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,736 people, 800 households, and 482 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 137.5 people per square mile (53.1/km²). There were 1,210 housing units at an average density of 95.9 per square mile (37.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.55% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 2.07% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 3.23% from two or more races. 8.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Guide sign at southeast side of town along Sierra Way.

There were 800 households out of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.50.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 17.2% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 30.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females there were 111.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $28,352, and the median income for a family was $33,409. Males had a median income of $43,875 versus $16,648 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,159. About 15.4% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by the Kern Valley Airport, three miles south of town. The airport features a fly-in campground on site. An airfield cafe serves both pilots and visitors.[10]

The city is also served by Regional Transit. The bus system runs from Kernville into Wofford Heights and then into Lake Isabella. Bus fares are $0.75 for children/seniors and $1.00 for adults. The bus runs every day except Sunday.[11]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions.

Climate data for Kernville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(69)
26
(78)
29
(85)
36
(96)
39
(103)
38
(100)
34
(94)
28
(82)
20
(68)
16
(60)
26.5
(79.6)
Average low °C (°F) −1
(31)
2
(36)
5
(41)
9
(49)
13
(56)
18
(65)
22
(72)
21
(69)
17
(62)
11
(51)
3
(38)
−1
(31)
9.9
(50.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 86
(3.4)
91
(3.6)
56
(2.2)
43
(1.7)
10
(0.4)
3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
10
(0.4)
8
(0.3)
8
(0.3)
46
(1.8)
64
(2.5)
428
(16.8)
Source: Weatherbase [12]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kernville, California
  3. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1055-1056. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  4. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1055-1056. ISBN 9781884995149.
  5. ^ http://www.riverviewlodge.net/history.htm River View Lodge's official website
  6. ^ "Kernville". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  7. ^ "Kern Valley Museum". 
  8. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Kernville Fly In". 
  11. ^ http://www.transitunlimited.org/Kern_Regional_Transit_Kern_River_Valley_Route.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kernville, CA". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on April 23, 2013.