Kerr County, Texas

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Kerr County, Texas
Kerr C IMG 0918.JPG
Kerr County Courthouse, southside view
Map of Texas highlighting Kerr County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1856
Named for James Kerr
Seat Kerrville
Largest city Kerrville
Area
 • Total 1,107 sq mi (2,867 km2)
 • Land 1,103 sq mi (2,857 km2)
 • Water 4 sq mi (10 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 49,625
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kerr.tx.us

Kerr County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 49,625.[1] Its county seat is Kerrville.[2] The county was named by Joshua D. Brown for his fellow Kentucky native, James Kerr, a congressman of the Republic of Texas.

The Kerrville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Kerr County.

History Timeline[edit]

  • 8000 b.c. Early Native American inhabitants arrive. Numerous successive cultures inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Historic tribes encountered by Europeans included the Kiowa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.[3]
  • 1842 Adelsverein[4] Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside three million acres (12,000 km²) to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.[5]
  • 1844, June 26 - Henry Francis Fisher sells interest in land grant to Adelsverein.
  • 1845 Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secures title to 1,265 acres (5.12 km2) of the Veramendi grant, including the Comal Springs and River, for the Adelsverein. Thousands of German immigrants are stranded at port of disembarkation Indianaola on Matagorda Bay. With no food or shelters, living in holes dug into the ground, an estimated 50% die from disease or starvation.[6][7]
  • 1846 Joshua Brown (Texas pioneer) becomes first settler.[8]
  • 1854 May 14–15, The Texas State Convention of Germans meet in San Antonio and adopt a political, social and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work; 2) Direct election of the President of the United States; 3) Abolition of capital punishment; 4) “Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles..”; 5) Free schools – including universities - supported by the state, without religious influence; and 6) Total separation of church and state.[9]
  • 1855, July 8 - United States Army post Camp Verde established.[10]
  • 1856 Kerr County is formed from Bexar Land District Number 2. Joshua Brown donates the land that will become Kerrville, and has it named for his friend James Kerr. Kerrville is the county seat.[3] U.S. Camel Corps headquartered at Verde is the brainchild of United States Secretary of War (1853–57) Jefferson Davis.[11]
  • 1859 Community of Center Point is established.[12]
  • 1860-1861 County population of 634, includes 49 slaves. Sons of Hermann lodge, for descendents of German heritage, is established in the County. The lodge is named for German chieftain folk hero Hermann the Cherusker.[3]
  • 1861 A bitterly divided Kerr County votes 76-57 for secession from the Union, with most German residents being against it. Unionists from Kerr, Gillespie, and Kendall counties participate in the formation of the Union League, a secret organization to support President Abraham Lincoln’s policies.[13]
  • 1862 The Union League forms companies to protect the frontier against Indians and their families against local Confederate forces. Conscientious objectors to the military draft are primarily among Tejanos and Germans . Confederate authorities impose martial law on Central Texas. Nueces massacre in Kinney County. Jacob Kuechler serves as a guide for 61 conscientious objectors attempting to flee to Mexico. Scottish born Confederate irregular James Duff and his Duff’s Partisan Rangers pursue and overtake them at the Nueces River. 34 are killed, some executed after being taken prisoner. Jacob Kuechler survives the battle. The cruelty shocks the people of Gillespie County. 2,000 take to the hills to escape Duff's reign of terror. Spring Creek Cemetery near Harper in Gillespie County has a singular grave with the names Sebird Henderson, Hiram Nelson, Gus Tegener and Frank Scott. The inscription reads “Hanged and thrown in Spring Creek by Col. James Duff’s Confederate Regiment.”[14][15][16]
  • 1866, August 10 - Treue der Union Monument ("Loyalty to the Union") in Comfort dedicated to the Texans slain at the Nueces massacre. It is the only monument to the Union outside of the National Cemeteries on Confederate territory. It is one of only six such sites allowed to fly the United States flag at half-mast in perpetuity.[17][18]
  • 1880 Y O Ranch is founded by Charles Armand Schreiner .[19]
  • 1887 The San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway is built through Kerrville.
  • 1919 The American Legion of Texas establishes what will eventually be called the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Kerrville.[20]
  • 1923 Schreiner University is established in Kerrville.[21]
  • 1926 Ora Johnson establishes Camp Waldemar Christian girls camp in Hunt.[22]
  • 1929 Mooney Aircraft is established in Kerrville.[23]
  • 1930 Kerrville is called the "Mohair Capital of the World."[3]
  • 1949 The Sid Peterson Memorial Hospital is completed.[24]
  • 1951 Kerrville State Hospital opens.[25]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,107 square miles (2,870 km2), of which 1,103 square miles (2,860 km2) is land and 4 square miles (10 km2) (0.4%) is water.[26]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 634
1870 1,042 64.4%
1880 2,168 108.1%
1890 4,462 105.8%
1900 4,980 11.6%
1910 5,505 10.5%
1920 5,842 6.1%
1930 10,151 73.8%
1940 11,650 14.8%
1950 14,022 20.4%
1960 16,800 19.8%
1970 19,454 15.8%
1980 28,780 47.9%
1990 36,304 26.1%
2000 43,653 20.2%
2010 49,625 13.7%
Est. 2012 49,786 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[27]
1850-2010[28]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[29] of 2000, there were 43,653 people, 17,813 households, and 12,308 families residing in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 20,228 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.89% White, 1.78% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.60% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 19.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,813 households out of which 25.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 22.20% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 24.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,283, and the median income for a family was $40,713. Males had a median income of $27,425 versus $21,149 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,767. About 10.30% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

Popular culture[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d Odintz, Mark. "Kerr County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Brister, Louis E. "Adelsverein". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  5. ^ Ramos, Mary G. "The German Settlements in Central Texas". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "Indianola, Texas". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  7. ^ Block, W T. "The Story of our Texas' German Pilgrims". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "History Kerr County". Kerr County Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  9. ^ Biesele, R L; The Texas State Convention of Germans in 1854 (April 1930). The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. XXXIII (24). 
  10. ^ "Camp Verde". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  11. ^ "Camel Corps". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "Center Point". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  13. ^ Moneyhon, Charles H. "The Union League". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  14. ^ Shook, Robert W. "Duff, James". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  15. ^ "Spring Creek Cemetery". Texas Gen Web. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  16. ^ Tegener, Gus at Find a Grave
  17. ^ "Treue der UnionMonument". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  18. ^ "List of Dead-Treue Der Union Monument". Texas Gen Web. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  19. ^ Hollon, W Eugene. "Charles Schreiner". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  20. ^ Herring, Rebecca. "Veterans Affairs Center-Kerrville". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  21. ^ Baulch, Joe R. "Schreiner University". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  22. ^ "Camp Waldemar". Camp Waldemar. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  23. ^ "Mooney Aircraft". Mooney Aviation Company, Inc. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  24. ^ "Peterson Regional Medical Center". Peterson Regional Medical Center. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  25. ^ "Kerrville State Hospital". State of Texas. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  26. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  27. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  28. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 18, 2013
  29. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  30. ^ Treat, Wesley. "StoneHenge II - A Megalithic Facsimile". Retrieved 2011-03-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°04′N 99°21′W / 30.06°N 99.35°W / 30.06; -99.35