UK theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Ken Loach|
|Produced by||Tony Garnett|
|Screenplay by||Barry Hines
|Based on||A Kestrel for a Knave
by Barry Hines
|Music by||John Cameron|
|Editing by||Roy Watts|
|Studio||Woodfall Film Productions|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Running time||112 minutes |
Kes is a 1969 drama film directed by Ken Loach and produced by Tony Garnett. The film is based on the 1968 novel A Kestrel for a Knave, written by the Barnsley-born author Barry Hines. The film is ranked seventh in the British Film Institute's Top Ten (British) Films and among the top ten in its list of the 50 films you should see by the age of 14.
The film focuses on 15-year-old Billy Casper, who has little hope in life and is bullied, both at home by his physically and verbally abusive half-brother, Jud, and at school. He is mischievous, stealing eggs and milk from milk floats, has difficulty paying attention in school, and is often provoked into tussles with classmates. Billy comes over as an emotionally neglected boy with little self-respect. Billy's mother refers to him in the film as a "hopeless case". His father left the family some time ago.
The film shows scenes of Billy's school; the headmaster canes a group of boys who were caught smoking. One scene of comic relief in an otherwise bleak film is of a gym teacher taking part in a football game, fantasising about himself as Bobby Charlton and commentating on the match.
Outside cadging money and daydreaming at school, Billy has no positive interests. His greatest fear is ending up working down the pit as a coal miner, but he has no apparent escape route until he finds an outlet through training a kestrel that he takes from a nest on a farm. His interest in learning falconry prompts Billy to steal a book on the subject from a second-hand book shop, as he is under age and cannot obtain a borrower's card from the public library.
As the relationship between Billy and "Kes", the kestrel, improves during the training, so does Billy's outlook and horizons. For the first time in the film, Billy receives praise, from his English teacher after delivering an impromptu talk on his relationship with the bird.
Jud leaves money and instructions for Billy to place a bet on two horses, but Billy spends the money on chips and on meat for his bird, after having been told that the horses are unlikely to win. However, the horses do win (meaning Jud would have won over £10 if Billy had put the bet on). Furious at Billy and unable to find him, Jud takes revenge by killing his kestrel, whose body Billy retrieves from the bin. After showing the kestrel to Jud and his mother, Billy buries his kestrel in the garden.
- David Bradley as Billy Casper
- Freddie Fletcher as Jud
- Lynne Perrie as Mrs Casper
- Colin Welland as Mr Farthing
- Brian Glover as Mr Sugden
- Bob Bowes as Mr Gryce
- Bernard Atha as Youth employment officer
- Joey Kaye as Pub comedian
- Bill Dean as Fish and Chip Shop Man
- Geoffrey Banks as Mathematics teacher
- Duggie Brown as Milkman
- Harry Markham as Newsagent
Both the film and the book provide a portrait of life in the mining areas of Yorkshire of the time. The school used as the main set was St. Helens School, Athersley South, but has since been renamed Edward Sheerien School which was demolished when amalgamating with another school and moving to new premises in 2011.
Set in Barnsley, the film contains broad local dialects. The cast have authentic Yorkshire accents and used or knew the dialects. The extras were all hired from in and around Barnsley. The DVD version of the film has certain scenes dubbed over with fewer dialect terms than in the original.
The film was a word of mouth hit in Britain, eventually making a profit. However it was a complete commercial flop in the US. Roger Ebert said that the film failed to open in Chicago, and attributed the problems to the Yorkshire accents.
The film has universal acclaim and currently holds a score of 100% on Rotten Tomatoes.
Home media 
A digitally restored version of the film was released on DVD and Blu-ray by The Criterion Collection in April 2011. The extras feature a new documentary featuring Loach, Menges, producer Tony Garnett, and actor David Bradley, a 1993 episode of The South Bank Show with Ken Loach, Cathy Come Home (1966), an early television feature by Loach, with an afterword by film writer Graham Fuller, and an alternate, internationally released soundtrack, with postsync dialogue.
- 1970: Karlovy Vary International Film Festival – Crystal Globe
- 1971: Writers' Guild of Great Britain Award – Best British Screenplay
- 1971: British Academy Film Awards
- Best Actor in a Supporting Role – Colin Welland
- Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles – David Bradley
See also 
- BFI Top 100 British films
- BFI list of the 50 films you should see by the age of 14
- Criterion Collection Essay by Graham Fuller.
- "KES (U)". British Board of Film Classification. 1969-05-27. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- Alexander Walker, Hollywood, England, Stein and Day, 1974 p378
- BFI's Top Ten (British) Films
- Kes film review by Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun Times, 16th January 1973
- "Kes". The Criterion Collection.
- 17th Karlovy Vary IFF: July 15 – 26, 1970 – Awards. Retrieved June 2008.
- Awards for Kes (1969). Retrieved June 2008.
- Golding, Simon W. (2006). Life After Kes: The Making of the British Film Classic, the People, the Story and Its Legacy. Shropshire, UK: GET Publishing. ISBN 0-9548793-3-3.
- Till, L. & Hines, B. (2000). Kes: Play, London: Nick Hern Books. ISBN 978-1-85459-486-0
- Golding, Simon W. (2013 KINDLE Edition). Life After Kes: The Making of the British Film Classic, the People, the Story and Its Legacy. Shropshire, UK: GET Publishing. ISBN 0-9548793-3-3.
- Kes at the Internet Movie Database
- Kes at Rotten Tomatoes
- Senses of Cinema – a detailed synopsis, referenced background and review of Kes by Mike Robins
- "Kes 40 years on", interview with Dai Bradley