Kesa-gatame

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Kesa-gatame
Judoka demonstrating kesa gatame variation
Judoka demonstrating Makura kesa gatame
Classification Katame-waza
Sub classification Osaekomi-waza
Grip Side control
Successive techniques Udegarami
Targets Neck
Counter Sweep (martial arts)
Kodokan yes
Technique name
Rōmaji Kesa-gatame
Japanese 袈裟固
English Scarf hold

Kesa-Gatame (袈裟固?) is one of the seven mat holds, Osaekomi-waza, of Kodokan Judo. In grappling terms, it is categorized as a side control hold.

Technique description[edit]

Many Judo throws lead naturally to Kesa-Gatame, since the classic judo hold places one grip on the opponent's lapel and one grip near the opponent's elbow. Then as one enters the ground phase, one arm goes around the opponent's neck and the other arm secures the opponent's arm. In The Canon Of Judo, Kyuzo Mifune points out that tori's arm should lift uke's head and tori's leg should be under uke's shoulder.

Hon-kesa-gatame

Escapes[edit]

  • Arm Pullout Kesa Gatame Escape:

Tori escapes by pulling out his held arm and attempts to take uke's back.

  • Bridge and Roll Kesa Gatame Escape:

Tori attempts to escape uke's hold by pulling out his arm, but then in a quick reversal (push-pull), tori changes his torque from trying to pull his arm out to rolling uke over into side control.

  • Leg Hook Kesa Gatame Escape:

Tori chases uke around attempting to hooks uke's leg with his leg. Once hooked and secure, it becomes much easier for tori to roll over uke into either side control or take uke's back.

Submissions[edit]

  • Kesa-Ashi-Gatame, Double Leg Gatame Arm Bar
  • Single Leg Gatame Arm Bar

And with some transitioning, the arm held is at risk of many other locks.

Also one step away is Kata-Gatame. Although categorized as a mat hold, it is also a choke if enough pressure is exerted correctly.

Technique history[edit]

Included systems[edit]

Systems:

Lists:

Similar techniques, variants, and aliases[edit]

Ura-Kesa-Gatame[edit]

(Back Scarf Hold)[1]

Ura-Kesa-Gatame is a mat hold demonstrated in The Essence Of Judo and described in The Canon Of Judo by Kyuzo Mifune, but unrecognized by the Kodokan. See also North south position.

Ushiro-Kesa-Gatame[edit]

(Rear Scarf Hold)[2]

Ushiro-Kesa-Gatame is a mat hold demonstrated in The Essence Of Judo and described in The Canon Of Judo by Kyuzo Mifune, but unrecognized by the Kodokan. See also North south position.

Others[edit]

Hon-Kesa-Gatame (Basic Scarf Hold)
[3]
Makura-Kesa-Gatame (Pillow Scarf Hold)
Tori places his right thigh under uke's head raising uke's head up.
Tori's right hand wraps aunder uke's left shoulder, and
holds on to his right knee or thigh to lock his head and shoulder.
Tori leans forward to trap uke's head and spreads his legs.
Kuzure-Kesa-Gatame
[4]

External links[edit]

Kesa-gatame demonstration

References[edit]