Kesennuma, Miyagi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kesennuma
気仙沼市
City
Kesennuma City Hall
Kesennuma City Hall
Flag of Kesennuma
Flag
Official seal of Kesennuma
Seal
Location of Kesennuma in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Kesennuma in Miyagi Prefecture
Kesennuma is located in Japan
Kesennuma
Kesennuma
 
Coordinates: 38°53′N 141°35′E / 38.883°N 141.583°E / 38.883; 141.583Coordinates: 38°53′N 141°35′E / 38.883°N 141.583°E / 38.883; 141.583
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Miyagi
Government
 • -Mayor Noboru Suzuki
Area
 • Total 334.41 km2 (129.12 sq mi)
Population (February 2014)
 • Total 66,810
 • Density 200/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese Black Pine
- Flower Azalea
- Bird Seagull
- Fish Bonito
Phone number 0226-22-6600
Address 1-1-1 Yōka-machi, Kesennuma-shi 988-8501
Website Official website

Kesennuma (気仙沼市 Kesennuma-shi?) is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of February 2014, the city had an estimated population of 66,810 and a population density of 200 persons per km². The total area was 333.41  km². Large sections of the city were destroyed by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and major fires on March 11, 2011.[1]

Geography[edit]

Kessennuma is in the far northeastern corner of Miyagi Prefecture. The city wraps around the western part of Kesennuma Bay, and also includes the island of Ōshima. Its coastline forms the southern boundary of the Sanriku Fukkō National Park, which stretches north all the way to Aomori Prefecture.

The city borders Hirota Bay, Kesennuma Bay, and the Pacific Ocean to the east and Minamisanriku, Miyagi to the south. Iwate Prefecture makes up the remainder of its borders, with the city Ichinoseki to the west, and the city of Rikuzen-Takata to the north. The highest point in Kesennuma is 711.9 meters high, on the border with Motoyoshi, while the lowest point is at sea level. The Ōkawa River flows through the city and into Kesennuma Bay.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Average temperature and precipitation in Kesennuma

Kesennuma is situated in a temperate climate zone and has a moderate climate. The city's average temperature is 10.8°C (53.8°F) and its average annual precipitation is 1,370.6 mm. Its all-time record high is 36.0°C on August 15, 1994, and its all-time record low is -12.6°C on February 17, 1980. The city's climate is fairly similar to Sendai, the largest city in Miyagi Prefecture. Since Kesennuma is located north of Sendai, it is naturally slightly cooler. However, Kesennuma is known to be fairly warm for a city located at its latitude, largely because of ocean currents.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Kesennuma was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jomon period by the Emishi people. During the later portion of the Heian period, the area was ruled by the Northern Fujiwara. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate. The town of Kesennuma was established on June 1, 1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system.

Kesennuma City was formed on June 1, 1953, when the town of Kesennuma annexed the neighboring town of Shishiori and village of Matsuiwa. On April 1, 1955, the city annexed the villages of Niitsuki, Hashikami and Oshima. On March 31, 2006, the town of Karakuwa and on September 1, 2009 the town of Motoyoshi (both from Motoyoshi District) were likewise incorporated into Kesennuma.

On March 11, 2011, large parts of the city were destroyed by the tsunami which followed the Tōhoku earthquake. The island of Oshima and its 3,000 residents, included in the city limits, was isolated by the tsunami which damaged the ferry connections.[2] After the tsunami, spilled fuel from the town's fishing fleet caught fire and burned for four days.[3] As of 22 April 2011, the city had confirmed 837 deaths with 1,196 missing.[4]

In August 2013, residents decided to scrap a fishing boat - the Kyotoku Maru No 18 - which was swept inland by a giant wave during the 2011 tsunami. There had been plans to preserve the boat as a monument, as it had become a symbol of the tsunami.[5]

In 2014 it became Japan's first Slow town.

Economy[edit]

Kesennuma Fishing Port in 2006

Kesennuma relies on tourism and commercial fishing, the latter being what the city is known for, especially its tuna, pacific saury and skipjack tuna production, keeping the fishing port very active. It also has a shark fin fishery. Prior to the 2011 disaster, the city was Japan's busiest port for processing bonito and swordfish. Presently, fishing and associated industries account for 85% of jobs in the town.[6]

Education[edit]

Kesennuma has five high schools, eight junior high schools, and fourteen elementary schools.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

National highways[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Sister/friendship cities[edit]

International sister/friendship cities[edit]

Japanese sister cities[edit]

Noted people from Kesennuma[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Blaze engulfs northeast Japan waterfront after quake". Reuters. March 11, 2011. Retrieved March 11, 2011. 
  2. ^ Asahi Shimbun, "Islanders cut off from mainland due to tsunami", 29 March 2011.
  3. ^ The Economist, "Disaster in Japan: Come back in ten years' time", 26 March 2011, pp. 47-48.
  4. ^ Bloomberg L.P., "Tsunami abetted fishing sector fall", The Japan Times, 26 April 2011, p. 8.
  5. ^ Wingfield-Hayes, Rupert. "Japanese town to scrap marooned 'tsunami boat'". BBC News. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Matsuyama, Kanoko, and Stuart Biggs, (Bloomberg L.P.), "Tsunami - insult to injury", Japan Times, 30 April 2011, p. 3.

External links[edit]