Kesklinn, Tallinn

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Kesklinn
District of Tallinn
Tallinn view from Toompea.
Tallinn view from Toompea.
Location of Kesklinn in Tallinn.
Location of Kesklinn in Tallinn.
Coordinates: 59°26′12″N 24°45′08″E / 59.43667°N 24.75222°E / 59.43667; 24.75222Coordinates: 59°26′12″N 24°45′08″E / 59.43667°N 24.75222°E / 59.43667; 24.75222
Country Estonia
County Harju County
City Tallinn
Government
 • District Elder Mihhail Korb (Centre Party)
Area
 • Total 30.6 km2 (11.8 sq mi)
Population (01.01.2014[1])
 • Total 55,750
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Website citycentre

Kesklinn (City centre) is one of the 8 administrative districts (Estonian: linnaosa) of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. It is situated on the Tallinn Bay and bordered to the northwest by the district of Põhja-Tallinn, to the west by Kristiine, to the southwest by Nõmme, to the east by Lasnamäe and Pirita, and to the south by Rae Parish, beyond Lake Ülemiste. The island of Aegna, located in the Tallinn Bay, also falls within this administrative district. Kesklinn has an area of 30.6 km2 (11.8 sq mi)[2] and a population of 55,750 (as of 1 January 2014);[1] population density is 1,821.9/km2 (4,719/sq mi).

It is home to Tallinn’s UNESCO-listed Old Town. Here you will also find the Tallinn Passenger Port and port-related business centres, including a new complex of high-rise buildings on Liivalaia Street, as well as Tartu Road and Maakri Street. Most of the city’s public and cultural venues are located in Kesklinn. These include the parliament building (Toompea Castle), City Government, The Estonian National Opera, Estonian and Russian drama theatres, The National Library, Kadrioru and Kalevi stadiums and a considerable number of museums, theatres and government agencies. Real estate costs in the area are the highest in Estonia. While the population of the city and the country as a whole have fallen since independence, the population of Kesklinn has risen. One of the economy's key drivers is tourism from Helsinki, Finland, which is connected to Tallinn by rapid ferry traffic.

Outside old town, there are a number of sights including Kadriorg Palace in Kadriorg, a Baroque building which was built in the 18th century by Peter I of Russia. Here you will also find the Rotermanni quarter, Tatari, Kassisaba subdistricts. Until April 2007, a bronze Soviet war monument commemorated the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union; however this statue was relocated, sparking protests throughout the country’s vocal Russian minority and abroad. This part of the city is home to 42 parks, including Kadriorg Park, Toompark, Hirvepark, and Tammsaare Park. The coastline gulf stretches from the Linnahall to a memorial of Maarjamäe.

Kesklinn has 21 subdistricts (Estonian: asum): Aegna, Juhkentali, Kadriorg, Kassisaba, Keldrimäe, Kitseküla, Kompassi, Luite, Maakri, Mõigu, Raua, Sadama, Sibulaküla, Südalinn, Tatari, Tõnismäe, Torupilli, Ülemistejärve, Uus Maailm, Vanalinn and Veerenni.

Population[edit]

Ethnic composition (2013)[3]
Ethnic group Percentage
Estonians 72.3%
Russians 21.0%
Ukrainians 1.7%
Finns 0.9%
Belarusians 0.8%
Jews 0.7%
Tatars 0.2%
Others 2.6%

Kesklinn has a population of 55,750 (as of 1 January 2014).[1]

Population development
Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Population 44,205 45,652 46,180 46,041 47,671 48,158 48,646 50,182 51,308 52,820 55,750

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tallinn arvudes 2013" (in Estonian). Tallinn. p. 16. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Tallinna Kesklinna Valitsuse" (in Estonian). Tallinn http://www.tallinn.ee. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "Tallinn arvudes 2013" (in Estonian). Tallinn. p. 19. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 

External links[edit]