Quezon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Keson)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Quezon (disambiguation).
Quezon
Tayabas
Province
Quezon Provincial Capitol Building
Quezon Provincial Capitol Building
Flag of Quezon
Flag
Official seal of Quezon
Seal
Nickname(s): The Palm State
Map of the Philippines with Quezon highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Quezon highlighted
Coordinates: 14°10′N 121°50′E / 14.167°N 121.833°E / 14.167; 121.833Coordinates: 14°10′N 121°50′E / 14.167°N 121.833°E / 14.167; 121.833
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Founded 1591 (as Kalilayan)
March 2, 1901 (as Tayabas)
Capital Lucena
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor David C.Suarez (NUP)
 • Vice Governor Samuel B. Nantes (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 9,069.60 km2 (3,501.79 sq mi)
Area rank 6th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,740,638
 • Rank 13th out of 80
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Density rank 44th out of 80
  Excludes Lucena City
Divisions
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 39
 • Barangays 1,209
including independent cities: 1,242
 • Districts 1st to 4th districts of Quezon (shared with Lucena City)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Tagalog (93%), Bisaya (3%), Bicolano (3%), Others (1%)
 • Languages Tagalog (Tayabas dialect), English
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4300 to 4342
Dialing code 42
ISO 3166 code PH-QUE
Website www.quezon.gov.ph

Quezon (Tagalog pronunciation: [keˈzon]) is a province of the Philippines in the CALABARZON region of Luzon island. The province was named after Manuel L. Quezon, the second President of the Philippines, and its capital is Lucena City.

Quezon is southeast of Metro Manila and is bordered by the provinces of Aurora to the north, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna and Batangas to the west and the provinces of Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur to the east. Part of Quezon lies on an isthmus connecting the Bicol Peninsula to the main part of Luzon. The province also includes the Polillo Islands in the Philippine Sea.

A major tourism draw to the province is Mount Banahaw. The mountain is surrounded by spiritual mysticism with many cults and religious organizations staying on the mountain. Numerous pilgrims visit the mountain especially during Holy Week.

History[edit]

Originally, what now forms Quezon was divided among the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, and Nueva Ecija. The first European to explore the area was Juan de Salcedo in 1571-1572, during his expedition from Laguna to Camarines provinces.

In 1591, the province was created and called Kaliraya or Kalilayan, after the capital town which later became Unisan. In 1779, the capital was transferred to the town of Tayabas, from which the province got its new name.

Depredation and plunder by the Moros were rampant during the Spanish regime, because they opposed the colonizers, especially in their efforts to spread Christianity. The destruction of Kalilayan in 1604 by a big fleet of Moro pirates caused the inhabitants to transfer to Palsabangon (Pagbilao).

However, even the colonized people grew discontented with the Spaniards over the centuries. The most important event in the history of the province was the Confradia Revolt in 1841, which was led by the famous Lucbano, Apolinario de la Cruz, popularly known as Hermano Pule. The province, under General Miguel Malvar, was also among the earliest to join the Philippine Revolution. The Revolutionary Government took control over the province on August 15, 1898.

The Americans then came and annexed the Philippines. A civil government was established in the province on March 12, 1901, and Lucena was made the provincial capital in 1910.

Japanese occupation of the province during World War II began on December 23, 1941, when the Japanese Imperial Army landed in Atimonan. The occupation witnessed the brutal murders of prominent sons of Tayabas. April 4, 1945 was the day the province was liberated as the combined Filipino and American army forces reached Lucena.

After the war, on September 7, 1946, Republic Act No. 14 changed the name Tayabas to Quezon, in honor of Manuel L. Quezon, the Commonwealth president who hailed from Baler, which was one of the province's towns.

In 1951, the northern part of Quezon was made into the sub-province of Aurora (which included Baler). Aurora was the name of the president's wife, Aurora Quezon. In 1979, Aurora was separated from Quezon as an independent province.

Splitting Quezon: Quezon del Norte and Quezon del Sur[edit]

In 1992, Republic Act No. 9495 was proposed to further divide Quezon into Quezon del Norte and Quezon del Sur. Quezon del Norte was to be composed of the first and second congressional districts of the province (Burdeos, General Nakar, Infanta, Jomalig, Lucban, Mauban, Pagbilao, Panukulan, Patnanungan, Polillo, Real, Sampaloc, Tayabas, Candelaria, Dolores, San Antonio, Sariaya, Tiaong and Lucena City), with Lucena City as its capital. Quezon del Sur, with its capital at Gumaca, would have been composed of the third and fourth congressional districts (Agdangan, Buenavista, Catanauan, General Luna, Macalelon, Mulanay, Padre Burgos, Pitogo, San Andres, San Francisco, San Narciso, Unisan, Alabat, Atimonan, Calauag, Guinayangan, Gumaca, Lopez, Perez, Plaridel, Quezon and Tagkawayan). The act lapsed into law without the signature of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on September 7, 2007.[3]

As required by law, the COMELEC held a plebiscite on December 13, 2008, 60 days after Republic Act No. 9495 took effect. The majority of the votes cast rejected the division, therefore the split did not push through.

Creation of the Provincial Youth Parliament[edit]

In 2004, the Provincial Youth Parliament was established in Lucena City, Quezon Province. The non-profit organization encourages youth to engage in their communities. Governor David C. Suarez has supported the group by attending their meetings, providing them with financial assistance, and displaying that the group's number one goal is to aid the people of Quezon who are in need of help.

Geography[edit]

Quezon, east of Metro Manila, is the 8th largest province in the Philippines having an area of 892,601 hectares or 8,926.01 km². The northern part of the province is sandwiched between the Sierra Madre mountain range and the Philippine Sea. The southern part consists of the Tayabas Isthmus, which separates the Bicol Peninsula from the main part of Luzon Island, and the Bondoc Peninsula which lies between Tayabas Bay and Ragay Gulf.

The major islands of Quezon are Alabat Island and Polillo Islands. Mount Banahaw, an extinct volcano, is the highest peak at 2,188 m. It supplies geothermal power to the Makban Geothermal Power Plant.

Subdivisions[edit]

Political subdivisions

Quezon is subdivided into 39 municipalities and one component city named Tayabas City. Lucena City, the capital, is independent from the administrative and fiscal supervision of the province, but is eligible to vote for provincial officials.

City/Municipality District No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)[4]
Population
(2007)
Population
(2010)[5]
Pop. density
(per km²)
Burdeos 1st 14 199.8 23,568 24,166 120.95
General Nakar 1st 19 1343.8 24,895 25,973 19.31
Infanta 1st 36 342.8 60,346 64,818 189.08
Jomalig 1st 56.7 6,111 6,884 121.41
Lucban 1st 32 130.5 45,616 46,698 357.84
Mauban 1st 40 416 55,866 61,141 146.97
Pagbilao 1st 27 171 62,561 65,996 385.94
Panukulan 1st 12 226.6 11,968 12,511 55.21
Patnanungan 1st 6 139.2 12,825 13,865 99.61
Polillo 1st 20 253 27,912 28,125 111.17
Real 1st 17 563.9 33,073 35,189 63.40
Sampaloc 1st 14 104.8 13,534 13,107 125.07
Tayabas City 1st 66 231 87,252 91,428 395.79
Candelaria 2nd 25 129.1 105,997 110,570 856.47
Dolores 2nd 16 62.6 26,312 27,702 442.52
Lucena City 2nd 33 80.2 236,390 246,392 3072.22
San Antonio 2nd 20 172.9 30,023 31,681 183.23
Sariaya 2nd 43 212.2 128,248 138,894 654.54
Tiaong 2nd 31 168.4 87,707 91,599 543.94
Agdangan 3rd 12 31.5 11,164 11,567 367.21
Buenavista 3rd 37 161.4 24,798 29,053 180.01
Catanauan 3rd 46 253.1 65,705 65,832 260.11
General Luna 3rd 27 101 23,379 25,373 251.22
Macalelon 3rd 30 120.45 25,986 26,419 219.34
Mulanay 3rd 28 420 48,538 50,826 121.01
Padre Burgos 3rd 22 69.1 19,877 20,161 291.77
Pitogo 3rd 39 73.4 21,095 21,380 291.28
San Andres 3rd 7 61 29,216 33,586 550.59
San Francisco 3rd 16 304 53,286 57,979 190.72
San Narciso 3rd 24 263.6 39,828 45,386 172.18
Unisan 3rd 36 124.2 23,600 25,186 202.79
Alabat 4th 19 57.6 14,789 16,120 279.86
Atimonan 4th 42 239.7 59,157 61,587 256.93
Calauag 4th 90 324.7 69,475 69,223 213.19
Guinayangan 4th 55 214.1 39,074 41,669 194.62
Gumaca 4th 59 189.7 63,778 69,618 366.99
Lopez 4th 95 355.4 86,660 91,074 256.26
Perez 4th 14 57.5 11,022 12,039 209.37
Plaridel 4th 9 35.1 10,069 10,238 291.68
Quezon 4th 24 71.2 15,011 15,142 212.67
Tagkawayan 4th 45 534.4 46,878 50,833 95.12

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Quezon
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 1,221,831 —    
1995 1,359,992 +2.17%
2000 1,482,955 +1.75%
2007 1,646,510 +1.51%
2010 1,740,638 +1.87%
Excludes Lucena City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

The inhabitants are mostly Tagalogs. The population is concentrated in the flat south-central portion which includes Lucena City, Sariaya, and Candelaria. After World War II, the Infanta area received migrants from Manila, Laguna and Batangas. People from Marinduque moved to the southern part of the Tayabas Isthmus and the Bondoc Peninsula. And people from Bicol Region migrated to Southern Towns of Calauag and Tagkawayan.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Quezon is the country's leading producer of coconut products such as coconut oil and copra. A large part of the province is covered in coconut plantations. Other major crops are rice, corn, banana, and coffee. Fishing is also a large part of the province's economy.

Notable people from Quezon[edit]

Metro Lucena[edit]

Metro Lucena has an estimated population of 700,000 which is mostly concentrated in the flat south-central portion of Quezon, which includes the cities of Lucena and Tayabas, Sariaya, Candelaria, Lucban & Pagbilao . The people are often characterized as friendly and hardworking. It is the center of commerce and tourism in Quezon Province.

City/Municipality Nickname/s Class No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2007)
Population
(2010)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Candelaria
Industrial Town of Quezon
1st Class Municipality
25
129.1
105,997
110,570
857
Lucban
Summer Capital of Quezon
Home of the Pahiyas Festival
2nd Class Municipality
32
154.15
45,616
46,698
303
Lucena City
Cocopalm City of the South
Biofuel City
The Gateway to the South
Entertainment Capital of Southern Luzon
1st Class City
Highly urbanized City
33
83.17
236,390
246,392
2963
Pagbilao
Power Port of Quezon
1st Class Municipality
27
177.6
62,561
65,996
372
Sariaya
Heritage Town of Quezon
1st Class Municipality
43
245.3
128,248
138,894
566
Tayabas City
Home of the Finest Lambanog
City of Festivals
The City of Eleven Bridges
4th Class City
66
230.95
87,252
91,428
396

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Republic Act No. 9495: AN ACT CREATING THE PROVINCE OF QUEZON DEL SUR". The LAWPHiL Project. September 7, 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province: QUEZON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 

External links[edit]