Kessingland

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Kessingland
Kessingland cliffs and beach in 2007.jpg
Cliffs and beach in Kessingland
Kessingland is located in Suffolk
Kessingland
Kessingland
 Kessingland shown within Suffolk
OS grid reference TM533867
District Waveney
Shire county Suffolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LOWESTOFT
Postcode district NR33
Dialling code 01502
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Waveney
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk

Coordinates: 52°25′08″N 1°43′23″E / 52.419°N 1.723°E / 52.419; 1.723

Kessingland is a large village in the Waveney District of the English county of Suffolk. It is located around 4 miles (6 km) south of Lowestoft. It is of interest to archaeologists as Palaeolithic and Neolithic implements have been found here;[1][2] the remains of an ancient forest lie buried on the seabed.

There has been a settlement here since Palaeolithic times. Between the Hundred River and Latmer Dam was once a large estuary which was used by the Vikings and Romans.[3] The sea provided the village with its main livelihood, and at one time the village paid a rent of 22,000 herrings to their Lords, which then made it more important than nearby Lowestoft.

The Domesday Book entry reads 'Kessingalanda / gelanda: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot; Earl Hugh and Hugh FitzNorman from him; Hugh de Montfort Mill (100 herrings). 43 pigs.' Roger Bigod or Bigot was a Norman Knight who came to England in the Norman Conquest.

The village comprised two separate communities: the "beach" and the "street" and it was not until the 1960s that more housing united the village into a single community. The population is little over 4,000 - though this can double due to the holiday-makers in the many chalets and holiday villages in the area.

The Suffolk Coast and Heaths area was designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in 1970 and the Suffolk Coasts and Heath Project runs many conservation projects.

Church of St Edmund, Kessingland

St Edmund's church is one of the finest in the region. With an imposing tower 300-foot (91 m) it was built c. 1436 for the Franscicans of London. The tower, built like many coastal Churches to act as a beacon by ships out at sea, constitutes the majority of the medieval structure, the rest having been rebuilt in the ensuing centuries. Renovations continue to the contemporary era with a new window by Nicola Kantorowicz being added in 2007.[4]

Local attractions[edit]

In addition to the numerous holiday villages and the beach, Kessingland is home to Africa Alive, an African themed wildlife park.

Connections to the arts[edit]

Sir H. Rider Haggard, novelist, was born in Bradenham, and later in his life spent his summers at Kessingland in a cliff-top house called the Grange (now demolished, however a local road is named after Haggard). He was visited here by his friend Rudyard Kipling. In a letter to Haggard dated 20 July 1912, his daughter Lillias documented a sighting of a Sea Serpent off the coast of Kessingland: "we are convinced we saw a sea serpent!I happened to look up when I was sitting on the lawn, and saw what looked like a thin, dark line with a blob at one end, shooting through the water at such a terrific speed it hardly seemed likely that anything alive could go at such a pace...I suppose it was about 60 feet long." The letter was printed in the Eastern Daily Press shortly after.[5] To counter the force of the North Sea and the winds off it, H. Rider Haggard sloped the cliff on the edge of his property and experimented with growing Marram Grass upon it. The experiment proved a success, and the slope increased in height rather than decreased. He spent the rest of the year at Ditchingham some 16 miles (26 km) to the west. In 1928 Kessingland Grange was sold to a Mr Catchpole who established a holiday camp in the grounds, and subsequently demolished the Grange. The current Kessingland Cottages development was begun in 1979.

The horror writer Joseph Freeman was a resident between 2000 - 2009, and has set some of his work here. Most notably the village appeared (as Freshfield, but otherwise very recognisable and featuring many familiar landmarks) as the setting for his novel 'Vermilion Dawn'.[6]

German writer (and sometime lecturer at the University of East Anglia) W. G. Sebald in his second book The Rings of Saturn (German: Die Ringe des Saturn) details a coastal walk along the Suffolk coast. In his book he describes Kessingland beach fishermen with their oilskins and thermoses as resembling "the last stragglers of some nomadic people...at the outermost limit of the earth, in expectation of the miracle longed for since time immemorial, the miracle which would justify all their erstwhile privations and wanderings." He also mentions nearby Benacre, Lowestoft and Covehithe.

BBC Radio 4's Jan Zalasiewicz recorded a program about geology on Kessingland's stony beach.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heritage Gateway, retrieved 2011-04-08 
  2. ^ Suffolk Heritage Gateway, retrieved 2011-04-08 
  3. ^ Suffolk Heritage Gateway, retrieved 2011-04-08 
  4. ^ Knott, Simon. "Suffolk Churches Site". Retrieved 2011-04-16. 
  5. ^ Haggard, Lillias (July 1912). "Waveney Valley Blog". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 2011-04-16. 
  6. ^ Vermilion Dawn Retrieved 18 May 2013
  7. ^ "Tom Feilden's Blog". Retrieved 2011-04-16. 

External links[edit]